rashk: (Arabic) jealousy, enmity. rashk-hasad
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|rashk: (Arabic) jealousy, enmity.
rashk-hasad: (Arabic) enviousness;
rashkchi: s. rashkli.
rashkli: jealous, spiteful.
rasida: obs. (Persian) mature, ripe;
raskladushka: (Russian) cot.
rasm: (Arabic) drawing, picture,
illustration; photograph; practice,
custom, ceremony. ~ ol- to draw; to
take a photograph ~ sol- to illustrate.
~(ni) tushir- to draw or decorate with a
picture. ~ bo'l- to become customary,
to become a common or popular
practice. ~ qil- to make a common
practice. ~i kushod inauguration,
opening ceremmony. ~ ishlat- to have a
rasm-rusm: (Arabic) customs,
practices; rites and ceremonies.
rasman: (Arabic) officially, formally;
out of mere formality.rasmana coll.s.
illustrator; photographer; artist.rasmi
rasmiy: (Arabic) official; formal;
ordinary, common. ~ ravishda
officially, in an official capacity. ~
kiyim ordinary clothes.
rasmiyat: (Arabic) formalities, official
rasmiyatchi: formalist, doctrinaire,
rasmiyatchilik: empty formalities,
bureaucracy, red tape.
rasmiylash-: v.i. to become official.
rasmli: illustrated, decorated with
rasmona: (Persian) normal, ordinary,
raso: (Persian) full, complete, entire;
fully developed, perfect. ~ qil- to fill
out, to make complete; to bring to
rasola-: v.t. to fill out, to complete.
rasolik: fullness, completeness;
rassom: (Arabic) artist, painter.
rassomlik: abstr. of rassom; painting
(as a profession).
rasta 1: (Persian) row of shops of the
rasta 2 coll.: (Persian) maturity, full
development. ~ bo'l- to reach maturity.
rasta-rasta: (Persian) rows and rows
rastrat: (Russian) embezzlement.
rastrata: (Russian) s. rastrat.
rasul: (Arabic) prophet, messenger.
rasvo: (Persian) lowly, despicable,
disgusting, disgraceful; vile, foul;
spoiled, ruined. ~ bo'ldi/chiqdi to be in
disgrace; to be ruined; to go bad. ~
qil-/~sini chiqar- to bring down in
disgrace; to disgrace; to ruin. ~i
olam/jahon bo'l- to be disgraced in
front of all.
rasvochilik: s. rasvogarchilik.
rasvogarchilik: disgraceful acts or
behavior; disgrace, dishonor, shame;
debauchery, immoral lifestyle. ~ qil- to
carry on disgracefully; to lead a
rasvolik: lowliness, debauchery.
ratifikatsiya: (Russian) ratification.
ratsion: (Russian) ration.
ratsional: (Russian) rational.
ratsionalist: (Russian) rationalist.
ratsionalizator: (Russian) rationalizer.
ratsionalizatorlik: ~ takliflari
rationalization proposals, proposals for
improving production methods.
ratsionalizm: (Russian) rationalism.
ratsionallash-: v.i. to rationalize, to
ratsiya: (Russian) walkie-talkie set.
ratusha hist.: (Russian) town council;
rav: (Persian) moment, instant; in a
jiffy, in a flash.
ravak-ravak: (Persian) ~ bo'l- to be in
pieces. ~qil- to smash to pieces.
ravish: (Persian) state, condition;
manner, way, mode (forms adverbials
when following an adjective and
suffixed with +shu ~da in this manner,
thus. amaliy ~da in practice, through
action. maxfiy ~da secretly. to'xtovsiz
~da without stopping. qat'iy ~da
ravish-raftor: (Persian) conduct,
ravnaq lit.: (Persian) brilliance,
sparkle, beauty; splendor, glory.
ravnaqli: bright, splendid; magnificent,
in full prime.
ravo: (Persian) admissible; proper,
suitable. ~ ko'r- to consider
appropriate, becoming, or worthy. ular
bizga hech narsani ~ ko'rmas Edi They
didn't consider us worthy of anything.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
hojatini ~ qil- to fulfill one's needs, to
carry out one's desires.
ravon: (Persian) smooth(ly); flowing
smoothly; straight and smooth (road);
eloquent; moving or working easily or
smoothly. ~ bo'l- s. ruhi ~ soul. sarvi ~
ravona: (Persian) ~ bo'l- to set out
towards; to flow.
ravoq: (Arabic) arch, vault, portico;
ravot: s. rabot.
ravshan (Soghd.): bright; sharp (eyes);
clear; obvious. dunyosi ~ bo'ldi/ta'bini
~ qil- to comfort, to put at ease.
ravshanlan-: v.i. to brighten.
ravshanlik: brightness, clarity.
ravza: obs. (Arabic) flower garden;
garden; the Garden of Paradise.
rax coll.: (Persian) material (s. raxt).
raxit: (Russian) rickets.
raxna: (Persian) crack, fissure, hole. ~
sol- to harm, to damage. yurakka ~ sol-
raxt: (Persian) welp (of footwear).
rayhon bot.: (Arabic) basil.
rayhoniy: (Arabic) ~iy rang dark
green. xatti ~iy a type of Cufic writing.
rayijrokom: regional executive
raykom: district committee.
raykomxoz: district committee of
rayohin arch. poet.: (Arabic) pl. of
rayhon; fragrant herbs.
rayon: (Russian) district; region, area;
rayonlashtir-: v.t. to divide into
districts; to designate for a given zone.
rayono: (Russian) district committe of
raysovet: (Russian) district soviet.
raz'ezd: (Russian) siding, side track.
razil: (Arabic) despicable, low;
razillash-: v.i. to become (more and
more) despicable. [razillashtir-,
razillik: despicableness, wretchedness,
razilona: (Persian) despicable; in a
razm: (Persian) ~ sol-/qo'y-/solib qara-
to look over.
razmer: (Russian) size, measurements
raznochinets hist.: (Russian) Russian
intellectual not of the upper class.
razolat: (Arabic) vileness, baseness,
razryad: (Russian) class, rating,
razryadli: belonging to a certain class
razvedka: (Russian) (geological)
prospecting; (mil.) reconnaissance,
intelligence; reconnaissance party;
razvedkachi: scout; secret service
agent, spy; reconnaissance (vehicle);
razverstka: (Russian) allotment,
razzoq: (Arabic) the Provider (an
epithet of God).
reabilitatsiya: (Russian) rehabilitation.
reaktiv: (Russian) reagent; reactive.
reaktsion: (Russian) reactionary.
reaktsioner: (Russian) reactionary.
reaktsiya: (Russian) reaction.
real: (Russian) real; realizable,
realist: (Russian) realist.
realistik: (Russian) realist; realistic.
realizm: (Russian) realism.
reallash-: v.i. to be realized, to be
reallik: reality; practicability.
rechitativ: (Russian) recitative.
redaktor: (Russian) editor (s.
redaktsion: (Russian) editorial, editing.
redaktsiya: (Russian) editorial staff;
editorial office; editing, edition.
rediska bot.: (Russian) radish.
redkollegiya: (Russian) editorial board.
redordli: adj. of ~ unum record
reduktor: (Russian) reducing gear;
reestr: (Russian) list, roll, register.
referat: (Russian) abstract, synopsis;
referendum: (Russian) referendum.
referent: (Russian) speaker, reader of a
refleks: (Russian) reflex.
reflektiv: (Russian) reflex.
reflektor: (Russian) reflector.
refletorli: having a reflector; reflective.
reforma: (Russian) reform.
reformator: (Russian) reformer.
reformist: (Russian) reformist.
reformistik: (Russian) reformist.
reformizm: (Russian) reformism.
refraktor: (Russian) refractor.
refraktsiya: (Russian) refraction.
refrijerator: (Russian) cooler,
condenser; refrigerator truck or ship.
regional: (Russian) regional.
registrator: (Russian) registrar.
registratsiya: (Russian) registration.
reglament: (Russian) rules of order.
regress: (Russian) regress.
regressiv: (Russian) regressive.
regulyator: (Russian) regulator.
reja: (Persian) line, string (used in
setting things straight); plan; order,
organization. ~ga tush- to fall into
rejacho'p: (Persian) yardstick (s.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
rejala-: v.t. to plan, to order.
rejali: in order, ordered, planned;
rejasiz: disorderly; spendthrift.
rejasizlik: disorder, chaos;
rejim: (Russian) regime; routine;
rejissura: (Russian) (theatrical)
rejissyor: (Russian) director.
reklama: (Russian) advertisement (s. ~
qil- to advertise.
rekonstruktsiyala-: v.t. to reconstruct.
rekord: (Russian) record. ~ qo'y- to set
rektor: (Russian) rector, president (of a
rektorat: (Russian) rector's office.
rekvizitsiya: (Russian) requisition.
rel"ef: (Russian) relief.
rel"s: (Russian) rails, tracks.
rel"sli: adj. of ~ transport rail
rele: (Russian) relay.
relyativist: (Russian) relativist.
relyativistik: (Russian) relativistic.
relyativizm: (Russian) relativity.
remont: (Russian) repair(s),
maintenance. ~ qil- to repair, to
remontchi: repair worker, repairman.
remontxona: repair shop.
renegat: (Russian) renegade.
renta: (Russian) income (from
investments or gov't securities).
rentabel: (Russian) paying, profitable.
rentgen: (Russian) X-ray treatment.
rentgenografik: (Russian) adj. of
rentgenogramma: (Russian) X-ray
rentgenolog: (Russian) radiologist.
rentgenologiya: (Russian) radiology.
rentgenoterapiya: (Russian) X-ray
reostat: (Russian) rheostat.
reparatsiya: (Russian) reparation.
repatriatsiya: (Russian) repatriation.
repertuar: (Russian) repertoire.
repetitsiya: (Russian) practice,
reportaj: (Russian) reporting; report.
reporter: (Russian) reporter.
reporterlik: abstr. of ~ qil- to serve as a
reporter; to make reports.
repressiv: (Russian) repressive.
repressiya: (Russian) repression. ~ qil-
to subject to repression, esp. to purge.
reproduktor: (Russian) loudspeaker.
reproduktsiya: (Russian) reproduction.
reps: (Russian) rep(p) (fabric).resha
respirator: (Russian) respirator.
respublika: (Russian) republic (s.
ressora: (Russian) spring (of vehicle).
restavrator: (Russian) restorer;
supporter of restoring a former regime.
restavratsiya: (Russian) restoration.
restoran: (Russian) restaurant.
restoranchi: restaurant owner or
resurs: (Russian) resource.
retranslyatsiya: (Russian) relay(ing).
retsenzent: (Russian) reviewer.
retsenziya: (Russian) review.
retsept: (Russian) prescription; recipe.
retsidiv: (Russian) relapse, recurrence;
retsidivist: (Russian) recidivist.
retush": (Russian) retouching.
retushla-: to retouch. [retushlan-]
revansh: (Russian) revenge.
revanshist: (Russian) revanchist,
revanshistlik: abstr. of revanshist.
revanshizm: (Russian) revanchism.
revizion: (Russian) adj. of ~
kommissiya inspection committee.
revizionism: (Russian) revisionism.
revizionist: (Russian) revisionist.
reviziya: (Russian) inspection, audit;
revizor: (Russian) inspector.
revkom: (Russian) revolutionary
revmatizm: (Russian) rheumatism.
revol"ver: (Russian) revolver. ~ stanok
capstan or turret lathe.
revolyutsion: (Russian) revolutionary.
revolyutsionlash-: v.i. to be infused
with revolutionary ideas; to become
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
revolyutsiya: (Russian) revolution (s.
reyd: (Russian) raid.
reyka: (Russian) lath; measuring rod.
reys: (Russian) run, trip, flight.
rez: (Persian) drumming, beat.
rez"ba: (Russian) threading (e.g., on a
reza: (Persian) small, trifling; tiny;
small bit or piece; spice(s).
rezala-: v.t. to chop into small pieces,
to mince. [rezalan-]
rezaparvar: (Persian) one who takes
good care of his vegetable plants;
expert or careful at whatever he does.
rezavor: (Persian) knickknack(s),
trifle(s), bric-a-brac; vegetable(s);
spices. ~ bog' vegetable garden.
rezavorchi: seller of knicknacks;
greengrocer; spice seller.
rezavorchilik: trade in rezavor.
rezavorfurush: (Persian) seller of
knicknacks and sundries.
rezerv: (Russian) reserves. mehnat ~i
rezgi: leather strips or scraps. olamning
~si/~ olam dwarf.
rezidentsiya: (Russian) residence.
rezina: (Russian) rubber.
rezinka: (Russian) elastic; eraser. ~
qil-/qilib cho'z- to stretch out, to put
off; to draw out, to talk on and on.
rezolyutsiya: (Russian) resolution;
rezonans: (Russian) resonance; echo.
rezonator: (Russian) resonator.
ribo: (Arabic) usury.
riboxo'r: (Persian) usurer.
richag: (Russian) lever.
rido: arch. (Arabic) cloak (worn by
imams or dervishes).
riel": (Russian) (Cambodian) riel.
riksha: (Russian) rickshaw.
rim (?): ~ raqami Roman numerals. ~
papasi the Pope.rind lit.fast liver, idler,
ring: (Russian) (sports) ring.
rioya: (Arabic) respect, esteem,
deference; obedience. ~ qil- to respect,
to show deference towards.
rioyagarchilik: showing respect,
rioyali: respectful, courteous,
rioyasiz: disrespectful, irreverent.
rioyasizlik: disrespect, irreverence.
rishta: thread, cord; bond, tie; (zool.)
risola: (Arabic) treatise; epistle;
brochure. ~dagi real, genuine.
~dagiday right out of the catalogue, the
ritm: (Russian) rhythm.
ritorik: (Russian) rhetorical.
ritorika: (Russian) rhetoric.
ritsar": (Russian) knight.rivoch
bot.rhubarb (some species thereof).
rivoj: (Arabic) development,
flourishing. ~ ol-/~ga min- to develop,
to flourish, to reach fruition.
rivojlan-: v.i. to develop. [rivojlantir-,
rivoya: (Arabic) narration.
rivoyat: (Arabic) legend, tale;
precedent in Islamic law.
rixtagar: founder, caster of metalsl,
maker of cast metal items.
riyo: hypocrisy. ahli ~ ~ ahli
hypocrites. ~ qil- to play the hypocrite,
to be hypocritical; to ruin, to be the
undoing or downfall of.
riyokor: dissembler, imposter, fake.
riyokorlik: dissembling, deceit, fraud.
riyokorona: deceitfully, fraudulently,
riyozat: difficulty, ordeal?
riyoziy: mathematical (s.
rizo: add two more: rijo (obs.) hope.
and rizvon (obs.) satisfaction,
rizolik: willingness, consent.
rizq rizqi ro'z: sustenance; means of
subsistance; lot, fate. ~i ro'z daily
bread, daily subsistance.
rizqlan-: (+ bilan/+dan) to subsist on,
to live off of
rizqli: providing sustenance; nutritious.
ro'baro': (Persian) facing, opposite.
ro'dapo zool.: (Persian) octopus;
monster, fright; awkward, lumpish,
ro'ja coll.: (Persian) s. ro'yjo.
ro'kach: (Persian) (display) model,
sample (displayed in front merchandise
of inferior quality to catch the
customer's eye). ~ qil- to strut, to make
a show of; to use as an excuse.
ro'mol: (Persian) scarf, headscarf.
ro'molcha: small scarf, kerchief.
ro'para: (Persian) facing or opposite
side. ~ bo'l-/~ qil- to bring face to face
with; to have meet; to bring forth, to
come forth with.
ro'poch dial.: (Persian) woman who
covers her face in a flirtatious manner.
ro'shnolik: the good life, happy and
comfortable life. ~ka chiq- to move up
in the world, to get on in the world.
ro'vak bot.: (Persian) wood small-reed,
bush grass; tussock, panicle (e.g. of
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