The Central Asian Heritage Group


rashk: (Arabic) jealousy, enmity.  rashk-hasad


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rashk: (Arabic) jealousy, enmity. 
rashk-hasad: (Arabic) enviousness; 
enmity. 
rashkchi: s. rashkli. 
rashkli: jealous, spiteful. 
rasida: obs. (Persian) mature, ripe; 
adult. 
raskladushka: (Russian) cot. 
rasm: (Arabic) drawing, picture, 
illustration; photograph; practice, 
custom, ceremony. ~ ol- to draw; to 
take a photograph ~ sol- to illustrate. 
~(ni) tushir- to draw or decorate with a 
picture. ~ bo'l- to become customary, 
to become a common or popular 
practice. ~ qil- to make a common 
practice. ~i kushod inauguration, 
opening ceremmony. ~ ishlat- to have a 
portrait made. 
rasm-rusm: (Arabic) customs, 
practices; rites and ceremonies. 
rasman: (Arabic) officially, formally; 
out of mere formality.rasmana coll.s. 
rasmona.rasmchi coll.drawer, 
illustrator; photographer; artist.rasmi 
coll.usually, traditionally. 
rasmiy: (Arabic) official; formal; 
ordinary, common. ~ ravishda 
officially, in an official capacity. ~ 
kiyim ordinary clothes. 
rasmiyat: (Arabic) formalities, official 
matters. 
rasmiyatchi: formalist, doctrinaire, 
bureaucrat. 
rasmiyatchilik: empty formalities, 
bureaucracy, red tape. 
rasmiylash-: v.i.  to become official. 
[rasmiylashtir-, rasmiylashtiril-] 
rasmli: illustrated, decorated with 
pictures. 
rasmona: (Persian) normal, ordinary, 
commonplace. 
raso: (Persian) full, complete, entire; 
fully developed, perfect. ~ qil- to fill 
out, to make complete; to bring to 
perfection. 
rasola-: v.t.  to fill out, to complete. 
[rasolan-] 
rasolik: fullness, completeness; 
maturity, perfection. 
rassom: (Arabic) artist, painter. 
rassomlik: abstr. of rassom; painting 
(as a profession). 
rasta 1: (Persian) row of shops of the 
same type. 
rasta 2 coll.: (Persian) maturity, full 
development. ~ bo'l- to reach maturity. 
rasta-rasta: (Persian) rows and rows 
(of shops). 
rastrat: (Russian) embezzlement. 
rastrat(a)chi: embezzler. 
rastrata: (Russian) s. rastrat. 
rasul: (Arabic) prophet, messenger. 
rasvo: (Persian) lowly, despicable, 
disgusting, disgraceful; vile, foul; 
spoiled, ruined. ~ bo'ldi/chiqdi to be in 
disgrace; to be ruined; to go bad. ~ 
qil-/~sini chiqar- to bring down in 
disgrace; to disgrace; to ruin. ~i 
olam/jahon bo'l- to be disgraced in 
front of all. 
rasvochilik: s. rasvogarchilik. 
rasvogarchilik: disgraceful acts or 
behavior; disgrace, dishonor, shame; 
debauchery, immoral lifestyle. ~ qil- to 
carry on disgracefully; to lead a 
dissipated life. 
rasvolik: lowliness, debauchery. 
ratifikatsiya: (Russian) ratification. 
ratsion: (Russian) ration. 
ratsional: (Russian) rational. 
ratsionalist: (Russian) rationalist. 
ratsionalizator: (Russian) rationalizer. 
ratsionalizatorlik: ~ takliflari 
rationalization proposals, proposals for 
improving production methods. 
ratsionalizatsiya (Russian): 
rationalization, improvement. 
ratsionalizm: (Russian) rationalism. 
ratsionallash-: v.i.  to rationalize, to 
improve. [ratsionallashtir-, 
ratsionallashtiril-] 
ratsiya: (Russian) walkie-talkie set. 
ratusha hist.: (Russian) town council; 
town hall. 
rav: (Persian) moment, instant; in a 
jiffy, in a flash. 
ravak-ravak: (Persian) ~ bo'l- to be in 
pieces. ~qil- to smash to pieces. 
ravish: (Persian) state, condition
manner, way, mode (forms adverbials 
when following an adjective and 
suffixed with +shu ~da in this manner, 
thus. amaliy ~da in practice, through 
action. maxfiy ~da secretly. to'xtovsiz 
~da without stopping. qat'iy ~da 
strictly, rigorously. 
ravish-raftor: (Persian) conduct, 
behavior, movement. 
ravishdosh: gerund. 
ravnaq lit.: (Persian) brilliance, 
sparkle, beauty; splendor, glory. 
ravnaqli: bright, splendid; magnificent, 
in full prime. 
ravo: (Persian) admissible; proper, 
suitable. ~ ko'r- to consider 
appropriate, becoming, or worthy. ular 
bizga hech narsani ~ ko'rmas Edi They 
didn't consider us worthy of anything. 

 
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hojatini ~ qil- to fulfill one's needs, to 
carry out one's desires. 
ravon: (Persian) smooth(ly); flowing 
smoothly; straight and smooth (road); 
eloquent; moving or working easily or 
smoothly. ~ bo'l- s. ruhi ~ soul. sarvi ~ 
graceful, elegant. 
ravona: (Persian) ~ bo'l- to set out 
towards; to flow. 
ravoq: (Arabic) arch, vault, portico; 
palace, castle. 
ravot: s. rabot. 
ravshan (Soghd.): bright; sharp (eyes); 
clear; obvious. dunyosi ~ bo'ldi/ta'bini 
~ qil- to comfort, to put at ease. 
ravshanlan-: v.i.  to brighten. 
[ravshanlantir-, ravshanlantiril-] 
ravshanlik: brightness, clarity. 
ravza: obs. (Arabic) flower garden; 
garden; the Garden of Paradise. 
rax coll.: (Persian) material (s. raxt). 
raxit: (Russian) rickets. 
raxna: (Persian) crack, fissure, hole. ~ 
sol- to harm, to damage. yurakka ~ sol- 
to dishearten. 
raxt: (Persian) welp (of footwear). 
raxtli: welped. 
rayhon bot.: (Arabic) basil. 
rayhoniy: (Arabic) ~iy rang dark 
green. xatti ~iy a type of Cufic writing. 
rayijrokom: regional executive 
committee. 
raykom: district committee. 
raykomxoz: district committee of 
collective farms. 
rayohin arch. poet.: (Arabic) pl. of 
rayhon; fragrant herbs. 
rayon: (Russian) district; region, area; 
district center. 
rayonlararo: inter-district. 
rayonlashtir-: v.t.  to divide into 
districts; to designate for a given zone. 
[rayonlashtiril-] 
rayono: (Russian) district committe of 
public education. 
raysovet: (Russian) district soviet. 
raz'ezd: (Russian) siding, side track. 
razil: (Arabic) despicable, low; 
accursed, infernal. 
razillash-: v.i.  to become (more and 
more) despicable. [razillashtir-, 
razillashtiril-] 
razillik: despicableness, wretchedness, 
lowliness; accursedness. 
razilona: (Persian) despicable; in a 
despicable manner. 
razm: (Persian) ~ sol-/qo'y-/solib qara- 
to look over. 
razmer: (Russian) size, measurements 
(of clothing). 
raznochinets hist.: (Russian) Russian 
intellectual not of the upper class. 
razolat: (Arabic) vileness, baseness, 
despicableness. 
razryad: (Russian) class, rating, 
category; discharge. 
razryadli: belonging to a certain class 
or category. 
razvedka: (Russian) (geological) 
prospecting; (mil.) reconnaissance, 
intelligence; reconnaissance party; 
intelligence service. 
razvedkachi: scout; secret service 
agent, spy; reconnaissance (vehicle); 
prospector. 
razverstka: (Russian) allotment, 
apportionment. 
razzoq: (Arabic) the Provider (an 
epithet of God). 
reabilitatsiya: (Russian) rehabilitation. 
reaktiv: (Russian) reagent; reactive. 
reaktsion: (Russian) reactionary. 
reaktsioner: (Russian) reactionary. 
reaktsiya: (Russian) reaction. 
real: (Russian) real; realizable, 
practicable, realistic. 
realist: (Russian) realist. 
realistik: (Russian) realist; realistic. 
realizm: (Russian) realism. 
reallash-: v.i.  to be realized, to be 
implemented. [reallashtir-] 
reallik: reality; practicability. 
rechitativ: (Russian) recitative. 
redaktor: (Russian) editor (s. 
muharrir). 
redaktorlik: editorship.. 
redaktsion: (Russian) editorial, editing. 
redaktsiya: (Russian) editorial staff; 
editorial office; editing, edition. 
rediska bot.: (Russian) radish. 
redkollegiya: (Russian) editorial board. 
redordli: adj. of ~ unum record 
harvest. 
reduktor: (Russian) reducing gear; 
reducing agent. 
reestr: (Russian) list, roll, register. 
referat: (Russian) abstract, synopsis
paper, essay. 
referendum: (Russian) referendum. 
referent: (Russian) speaker, reader of a 
paper; consultant. 
refleks: (Russian) reflex. 
reflektiv: (Russian) reflex. 
reflektor: (Russian) reflector. 
refletorli: having a reflector; reflective. 
reforma: (Russian) reform. 
reformator: (Russian) reformer. 
reformist: (Russian) reformist. 
reformistik: (Russian) reformist. 
reformizm: (Russian) reformism. 
refraktor: (Russian) refractor. 
refraktsiya: (Russian) refraction. 
refrijerator: (Russian) cooler, 
condenser; refrigerator truck or ship. 
regional: (Russian) regional. 
registrator: (Russian) registrar. 
registratsiya: (Russian) registration. 
reglament: (Russian) rules of order. 
regress: (Russian) regress. 
regressiv: (Russian) regressive. 
regulyator: (Russian) regulator. 
reja: (Persian) line, string (used in 
setting things straight); plan; order, 
organization. ~ga tush- to fall into 
place. 
rejachi: planner. 
rejacho'p: (Persian) yardstick (s. 
gazcho'p). 

 
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rejala-: v.t.  to plan, to order. 
[rejalashtir-, rejalashtiril-] 
rejali: in order, ordered, planned; 
frugal, thrifty. 
rejasiz: disorderly; spendthrift. 
rejasizlik: disorder, chaos; 
unplannedness; wastfulness, 
uneconomicalness. 
rejim: (Russian) regime; routine; 
conditions; diet. 
rejissura: (Russian) (theatrical) 
production. 
rejissyor: (Russian) director. 
rejissyorlik: directorship. 
reklama: (Russian) advertisement (s. ~ 
qil- to advertise. 
rekognostsirovka (Russian): 
reconnaissance; reconnoitering. 
rekomendatsiya (Russian): 
recommendation. 
rekonstruktsiya (Russian): 
reconstruction. 
rekonstruktsiyala-: v.t.  to reconstruct. 
[rekonstruktsiyalan-] 
rekord: (Russian) record. ~ qo'y- to set 
a record. 
rekordchi: record-maker. 
rektor: (Russian) rector, president (of a 
university). 
rektorat: (Russian) rector's office. 
rekvizitsiya: (Russian) requisition. 
rel"ef: (Russian) relief. 
rel"s: (Russian) rails, tracks. 
rel"sli: adj. of ~ transport rail 
transportation. 
rel"ssiz: non-rail... 
rele: (Russian) relay. 
relyativist: (Russian) relativist. 
relyativistik: (Russian) relativistic. 
relyativizm: (Russian) relativity. 
remilitarizatsiya (Russian): 
remilitarization. 
remont: (Russian) repair(s), 
maintenance. ~ qil- to repair, to 
overhaul. 
remontchi: repair worker, repairman. 
remontxona: repair shop. 
renegat: (Russian) renegade. 
renegatlik: desertion. 
renta: (Russian) income (from 
investments or gov't securities). 
rentabel: (Russian) paying, profitable. 
rentabellik: profitability. 
rentabelsiz: unprofitable. 
rentgen: (Russian) X-ray treatment. 
rentgenografik: (Russian) adj. of 
rentgenografiya. 
rentgenografiya: (Russian) 
radiography. 
rentgenogramma: (Russian) X-ray 
photograph. 
rentgenolog: (Russian) radiologist. 
rentgenologiya: (Russian) radiology. 
rentgenoskopik (Russian): 
roentgenoscopic. 
rentgenoskopiya (Russian): 
roentgenoscopy. 
rentgenoterapiya: (Russian) X-ray 
therapy. 
reostat: (Russian) rheostat. 
reparatsiya: (Russian) reparation. 
repatriatsiya: (Russian) repatriation. 
repertuar: (Russian) repertoire. 
repetitsiya: (Russian) practice, 
rehearsal. 
reportaj: (Russian) reporting; report. 
reporter: (Russian) reporter. 
reporterlik: abstr. of ~ qil- to serve as a 
reporter; to make reports. 
repressiv: (Russian) repressive. 
repressiya: (Russian) repression. ~ qil- 
to subject to repression, esp. to purge. 
reproduktor: (Russian) loudspeaker. 
reproduktsiya: (Russian) reproduction. 
reps: (Russian) rep(p) (fabric).resha 
obs.root. 
respirator: (Russian) respirator. 
respublika: (Russian) republic (s. 
jumhuriyat). 
respublikachi: republican. 
ressora: (Russian) spring (of vehicle). 
restavrator: (Russian) restorer; 
supporter of restoring a former regime. 
restavratsiya: (Russian) restoration. 
restoran: (Russian) restaurant. 
restoranchi: restaurant owner or 
keeper. 
resurs: (Russian) resource. 
retranslyatsiya: (Russian) relay(ing). 
retsenzent: (Russian) reviewer. 
retsenziya: (Russian) review. 
retsept: (Russian) prescription; recipe. 
retsidiv: (Russian) relapse, recurrence; 
repeat offense. 
retsidivist: (Russian) recidivist. 
retush": (Russian) retouching. 
retushchi: retoucher. 
retushla-: to retouch. [retushlan-] 
revansh: (Russian) revenge. 
revanshist: (Russian) revanchist, 
revenge-seeker. 
revanshistlik: abstr. of revanshist. 
revanshizm: (Russian) revanchism. 
reversal:  
revizion: (Russian) adj. of ~ 
kommissiya inspection committee. 
revizionism: (Russian) revisionism. 
revizionist: (Russian) revisionist. 
reviziya: (Russian) inspection, audit; 
revision. 
revizor: (Russian) inspector. 
revkom: (Russian) revolutionary 
committee. 
revmatizm: (Russian) rheumatism. 
revol"ver: (Russian) revolver. ~ stanok 
capstan or turret lathe. 
revolyutsion: (Russian) revolutionary. 
revolyutsioner: (Russian) 
revolutionary. 
revolyutsionlash-: v.i.  to be infused 
with revolutionary ideas; to become 
revolutionary. [revolyutsionlashtir-] 
revolyutsionlik: revolutionary 
character. 

 
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revolyutsiya: (Russian) revolution (s. 
inqilob). 
reyd: (Russian) raid. 
reyka: (Russian) lath; measuring rod. 
reys: (Russian) run, trip, flight. 
rez: (Persian) drumming, beat. 
rez"ba: (Russian) threading (e.g., on a 
bolt). 
rez"bali: threaded. 
reza: (Persian) small, trifling; tiny; 
small bit or piece; spice(s). 
rezala-: v.t.  to chop into small pieces, 
to mince. [rezalan-] 
rezaparvar: (Persian) one who takes 
good care of his vegetable plants; 
expert or careful at whatever he does. 
rezavor: (Persian) knickknack(s), 
trifle(s), bric-a-brac; vegetable(s); 
spices. ~ bog' vegetable garden. 
rezavorchi: seller of knicknacks; 
greengrocer; spice seller. 
rezavorchilik: trade in rezavor. 
rezavorfurush: (Persian) seller of 
knicknacks and sundries. 
rezerv: (Russian) reserves. mehnat ~i 
labor resources. 
rezgi: leather strips or scraps. olamning 
~si/~ olam dwarf. 
rezidentsiya: (Russian) residence. 
rezina: (Russian) rubber. 
rezinka: (Russian) elastic; eraser. ~ 
qil-/qilib cho'z- to stretch out, to put 
off; to draw out, to talk on and on. 
rezolyutsiya: (Russian) resolution; 
directions, instructions. 
rezonans: (Russian) resonance; echo. 
rezonator: (Russian) resonator. 
rial: riyal. 
ribo: (Arabic) usury. 
riboxo'r: (Persian) usurer. 
richag: (Russian) lever. 
richagli: lever-operated. 
rido: arch.    (Arabic) cloak (worn by 
imams or dervishes). 
riel": (Russian) (Cambodian) riel. 
riksha: (Russian) rickshaw. 
rim (?): ~ raqami Roman numerals. ~ 
papasi the Pope.rind lit.fast liver, idler, 
playboy. 
ring: (Russian) (sports) ring. 
rioya: (Arabic) respect, esteem, 
deference; obedience. ~ qil- to respect, 
to show deference towards. 
rioyagarchilik: showing respect, 
deference. 
rioyali: respectful, courteous, 
deferential. 
rioyasiz: disrespectful, irreverent. 
rioyasizlik: disrespect, irreverence. 
rishta: thread, cord; bond, tie; (zool.) 
guinea worm. 
rishva(t): bribe. 
rishva(t)xo'r: bribe-taker. 
risola: (Arabic) treatise; epistle; 
brochure. ~dagi real, genuine. 
~dagiday right out of the catalogue, the 
genuine article. 
ritm: (Russian) rhythm. 
ritmli: rhythmical. 
ritorik: (Russian) rhetorical. 
ritorika: (Russian) rhetoric. 
ritsar": (Russian) knight.rivoch 
bot.rhubarb (some species thereof). 
rivoj: (Arabic) development, 
flourishing. ~ ol-/~ga min- to develop, 
to flourish, to reach fruition. 
rivojlan-: v.i.  to develop. [rivojlantir-, 
rivojlantiril-] 
rivoya: (Arabic) narration. 
rivoyat: (Arabic) legend, tale; 
precedent in Islamic law. 
rivoyatchi: storyteller. 
rixtagar: founder, caster of metalsl, 
maker of cast metal items. 
riyo: hypocrisy. ahli ~ ~ ahli 
hypocrites. ~ qil- to play the hypocrite
to be hypocritical; to ruin, to be the 
undoing or downfall of. 
riyokor: dissembler, imposter, fake. 
riyokorlik: dissembling, deceit, fraud. 
riyokorona: deceitfully, fraudulently, 
duplicitously. 
riyozat: difficulty, ordeal? 
riyoziy: mathematical (s. 
matematik).riyoziyot arch.mathematics 
(s. matematika). 
rizo: add two more: rijo (obs.) hope. 
and rizvon (obs.) satisfaction, 
conentment. 
rizolik: willingness, consent. 
rizq rizqi ro'z: sustenance; means of 
subsistance; lot, fate. ~i ro'z daily 
bread, daily subsistance. 
rizqlan-: (+ bilan/+dan) to subsist on, 
to live off of 
rizqli: providing sustenance; nutritious. 
ro'baro': (Persian) facing, opposite. 
ro'dapo zool.: (Persian) octopus; 
monster, fright; awkward, lumpish, 
clumsy, ungainly. 
ro'ja coll.: (Persian) s. ro'yjo. 
ro'kach: (Persian) (display) model, 
sample (displayed in front merchandise 
of inferior quality to catch the 
customer's eye). ~ qil- to strut, to make 
a show of; to use as an excuse. 
ro'mol: (Persian) scarf, headscarf. 
ro'molcha: small scarf, kerchief. 
ro'para: (Persian) facing or opposite 
side. ~ bo'l-/~ qil- to bring face to face 
with; to have meet; to bring forth, to 
come forth with. 
ro'poch dial.: (Persian) woman who 
covers her face in a flirtatious manner. 
ro'shnolik: the good life, happy and 
comfortable life. ~ka chiq- to move up 
in the world, to get on in the world. 
ro'vak bot.: (Persian) wood small-reed, 
bush grass; tussock, panicle (e.g. of 
reeds). 



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