(Arabic) freeloader. tufdon
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| (Arabic) freeloader.
tufla-: v.t. s. tupla-. [tuflash-]
tufli: (Russian) shoe.
tug'-: v.t. to give birth, to bear; (dial.)
to lay (egg). to'rttani ~- to have a cow
(in anticipation of or waiting for s.t.).
kun(i) ~di to have one's day dawn. oy
~di to have a new moon. [tug'dir-,
tug'diril-, tug'il-, tug'ish-]
tug': standard made of a yak tail
surmounted by a crescent moon or
open hand insignia; standard, banner,
tug'aloq: prolific, fertile.
tug'asi rare: s. tug'ma.tug'doq dial.s.
tug'dor: marked by a standard;
tug'ishgan: born of the same mother,
tug'ma: natural, stemming from birth;
born... ~ pedagog a born teacher.tug'ro
obs.monogram; king's seal on a
tug'uruq: birth; celebration similar to a
baby shower (s. beshik to'yi).
tug'uruqxona: maternity ward.
tug'yon: flood; rush (of emotion);
disturbance, unrest, uprising.
tug-: v.t. to knot, to twist; to tie into a
bundle; to fold into shape, to make
(wontons (yurakka ~- to carry in one's
heart, to bear in one's mind, to brood
on, to fix on. musht ~- to clench one's
fist. [tugdir-, tugil-, tugish-]
tuga-: v.i. to run out, to be finished, to
be all gone, to be used up; to pass
away, to die. [tugal-, tugat-, tugatil-]
tugal- rare: v.i. s. tuga-; to be
concluded; to be eradicated.
tugal: complete, whole. to'rt ko'z ~ in
one piece, safe and sound.
tugalla- v.t./i.: to complete; to be
completed. [tugallan-, tugallat-]
tugallama: denouement, resolution.
tugallanma: suffix.tuganak dial.s.
tugat-: v.t. caus. of tuga-; to use up; to
eliminate; to close (establishment).
tugin- rare: v.i. pass. of ichida(n) ~ib
qo'y- s. ko'ngilga tug-.
tugma: button; counter piece (of an
abacus). ~ni sol-/il- to fasten a
tugmacha: (small) button.tugmacha
qo'ng'iz zool.ladybug (s. xonqizi).
mallow, hollyhock; white aster.
tugmador: buttoned up, buttoned;
covered with buttons.tugmagul bot.s.
tugmala-: v.t. to button. [tugmalan-,
tugmali: buttoned up, buttoned.
tugul: not only, not even, much less.
bu kitobni sen ~, otangga ham
bermayman I wouldn't give this book
to your father, much less to you.
tugun-tersak: bundle, parcel, load.
ko'tar ~ingni Pack up your things and
tugun: knot; bundle.
tuguncha: small bundle; (bot.) ovary.
tugunchak: small bundle; s. tugunak.
tuhfa lit.: (Arabic) present, gift.
tuhmat: (Arabic) slander, calumny,
aspersion; trouble, headache(s).
birovga ~ qil- to slander s.o. ~ga qol-
to be slandered, to be scandalized.
quruq ~ open slander; pure headache or
trouble. xizmatga ~ ingratitude, biting
that hand that feeds you.
tuhmatchilik: slander, scandal
tujjor: obs. (Arabic) merchant, trader.
tujurka: (Russian) double-breasted
tuk: (body) hair, fuzz. (bir) ~i
o'zgamas or bir ~ has kam Emas
tukli: hairy, wooly, fuzzy.
tul: widow or widower.
tulim rare: s. tolim.
tuliy: (Russian) thulium.tulki zool.fox.
it olgan ~day messed up, scratched up.
tulkilik: crafty behavior.
tulla-: v.i. to shed, to molt. [tullat-]
tullak: older quail; sneaky,
crafty.tullakxona arch.stable for
fattening horses (for slaughter).
tulpor: steed, charger, thoroughbred;
winged horse. xosa ~ well-trained
tulum: calf stuffed with straw (used to
induce a cow whose calf has died to
give milk); stuffed animal; water skin.
tum: booming noise made by a kettle
tuman 1: mist, haze, fog.tuman 2
arch.ten thousand; 10,000 so'm of gold;
military division of 10,000
cavalry.tuman 3 hist.pre-revolutionary
administrative district.tuman 4 dial.s.
yuznini ~ qil- to put to shame.
tuman 5: (Persian) tuman (former
tumanlan-: v.i. to mist, fog, or haze
tumanlash-: to become hazy.
tumanli: hazy, foggy, misty.
tumanlik: haziness, fogginess;
tumbochka: (Russian) bedside table.
tumonat: crowd, throng, all the people.
~ni (boshiga) yig'- to gather a crowd.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
tumoq: (dial.) fur cap w/ear flaps;
hunting falcon's hood.
tumor: triangular amulet containing a
written charm or verse from the Quran;
women's ornament hung from the neck
or shoulder; anything triangular in
tumorcha: small tumor.
tumortaxlit: s. tumornusxa.
tumov: common cold.
tumovla(n)-: v.i. to catch a cold.
tumsa: barren (female).
tumsay-: s. tumtay-.
tumshay-: to sulk, to pout; to become
tumshuq: beak; snout, muzzle.
kemaning ~i bow of a ship. ~ tiq- to
stick one's nose into (s.t.). ~i tor
botinka narrow-toed shoe. ~i uchgan
choynak teapot with a broken-off
tumshuqcha: dim. of tumshuq; stigma.
tumshuqlik: muzzle, halter.
tumtaraqay: ~ bo'l-/~ qil- to scatter, to
send running in all directions.
tumtay-: v.i. to sulk, to be grumpy.
tumshay-.tun-kun, tunu kunnight and
tun: night, nighttime.
tuna-: v.i. to spend the night. [tunal-,
tund: (Persian) quiet, reserved; curt;
tundlash-: v.i. to become rude or
tundlik: rudeness; reservation,
tundra: (Russian) tundra.tungan coll.s.
tungi: adj. of ~ chmena night duty.
tungoni: Chinese muslim.
tunnel": (Russian) tunnel.
tunov kuni: the other day.tunovgi
coll.adj. of ~ to'y the
wedding/celebration which took place
the other day.
tunqot-: v.i. to keep awake all night;
to keep watch all night.
tunqotar: night watchman.
tunuka: sheet metal.
tunukachi: tin smith.
tunukachilik: tin smithing.
tunukali: covered with sheet metal.
tunukasoz: maker of tin roofs; tin
tunukasozlik: abstr. of tunukasoz;
making of tin roofs; tin-smith shops'
area of a market.
tup: individual plant or bush. bir ~
daraxt one (single) tree. bir ~ g'o'za or
g'o'za ~i one cotton plant. ikki ~ nok
Ekdim I planted two pear trees.
tupik: (Russian) dead-end street,
tupka: bir ~ning tagida or bir ~da in
tupla-: v.t. to spit. [tuplash-]
tuppa-tuzuk: just fine, fine and dandy;
fit as a fiddle.
tuppa: noodles (pinched off or cut
from dough) used in soup; a soup made
with such noodles.tuppak coll.tube
used as a blowgun.
tuproq: earth, dirt, soil; remains; land.
bu erning ~i og'ir It's difficult to leave
this land. ~i shu erdan olingan created
from this soil; born and raised here on
this land. ~ini yala- to be educated (in a
certain place). ~qa qorishtir- to rub
(s.o.'s) nose in the dirt. ~dan tashqari
tuproqlik: dirt pile.
tuproqshunos: soil scientist.
tuproqshunoslik: soil science.
tupuk: spit, saliva.
tupukla-: v.t. to moisten with spit, to
tupur-: to spit. [tupurin-]
tupuruk rare: s. tupuk.
tupurukla- rare: s. tupukla-.
tuq: clunking sound.
tuqqan: past. part. of tugh-; kin (born
of the same mother).
tur 1: kind, type, sort; species, variety;
manner. shu ~da in this manner.
tur 2: (Russian) turn.Tur tog'i geo.Mt.
tur-: v.i. to stand, to get up, to rise up;
to be, to be found; to live, to abide; to
wait; to stop; to stay; to last; to cost;
(after V+ (~ibdi indicates present
continuous action. stol uy o'rtasida
~ibdi The table is in the middle of the
room. sen shu erda ~ You stay here.
uning qo'lida pul ~maydi Money slips
through his fingers. qaerda ~asiz?
Where do you live? qaerda ~ibsiz?
Where are you living? men bu erda
ikki yil ~dim. I lived here for two
years. qattiq shamol ~di A fierce wind
rose up. dunyo ~guncha ~ing Live long
(lit., 'as long as the Earth'). soat yurib
~ibdi The clock is running. sizni ko'rib
~ibman I see you. nima qilib ~ibsiz?
What are you doing? ishlab ~ib o'qi- to
study while working. u fel'etonni o'qib
~ib, birdan kulib yubordi He laughed
out suddenly as he was reading the
cartoon. kasaldan ~- to recover from an
illness. uyqudan ~- to rise from sleep.
so'zida ~- to keep one's word. ~a qoch-
to flee, to run away. ~ib ber- to endure.
~ib ol- to stand still; to stand one's
ground. ~ib qol- to wait (on one's feet);
to stand idle. ~, jo'na/~-e! Go on!, Get
lost! ... u yoqda ~sin never mind (the)...
ustun ~- to be superior, to predominate.
o'rtada ~- to be in the middle; to act as
a go-between. bu qancha ~adi? How
much does this cost? qarab ~- to stare
(at); to watch; to sit ('stand') and watch;
to help (out). qil ustida ~- to hang by a
thread. [turil-, turish-, turg'iz-]turang'i
turanga bot. rare: s. turang'i.
turar: ~ uy place of residence. ~ joy
turbat: obs. (Arabic) tomb.
turbina: (Russian) turbine.
turbinachi: turbine maker or
turbobur: (Russian) turbo-drill.
turbogenerator.turbut bot.tog' ~i white
turdosh: similar, of the same type.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
turfa: (Arabic) amazing, wonderful.
turg'iz-: v.t. caus. of oyoqqa ~- to set
on one's feet. yotqizib ~- to push or
boss around, to have at one's
turg'un: resident, dweller, permanently
residing; permanent, unchanging;
turg'unlash-: v.i. to become settled; to
turg'unlik: settledness; stability,
permanence; stagnation. ~ davri the
'Age of Stagnation' (in Brezhnev era).
turgan-bitgani: the entire..., all there is
to this is... bu go'shtning ~ suyak This
meat is nothing but bones.
turib-turib: standing for awhile; more
and more, as time goes on; after all that
time, after that much thought.
turil-: v.i. pass. of materiallar
ketma-ket yetkazib ~di the materials
kept coming in one after another.
turish: v.n. of yarim ~ comma (s. ~
ber- to withstand, to endure.
quyoshning ~ nuqtasi solstice.
turist: (Russian) tourist.
turistik: (Russian) touristic.
turizm: (Russian) tourism.
turkcha: in Turkish manner or style;
the Turkish language.
turkman: Turkmen, Turkoman.
turkmancha: Turkmen (language,
turkmani: Turkoman; name of a type
turkolog: (Russian) turkologist.
turkologiya: (Russian) turkology.
turkona: Turkic; home-brewed, folk
turkshunos: s. turkolog.
turkshunoslik: s. turkologiya.
turkum-turkum: groups and groups.
turkum: group; series; (biol.) order.
so'z ~lari parts of speech.
turkumla-: v.t. to group; to classify
into (biological) orders.
turla-: v.t. to vary, to diversify; to
decorate (with matching colors); to
conjugate (noun). [turlan-]
turlan-: v.i. pass. of turla-; to glimmer,
to shimmer; to vascillate. [turlantir-]
turlanish: v.n. of turlan-; shimmering;
conjugation (of nouns).
turli-tuman: of all kinds.
turli: various, varied, different; (rare)
similar, like. bir ~ the same; peculiar,
special, unusual. ikkinchi ~ qilib
aytganda put another way...
turlicha: in several or various ways; in
every way possible.
turlovchi: v.n. of so'z ~ affikslar case
endings, case suffixes.
turma: (Russian) prison, jail.
turmachi: prison gaurd.
turmak: knot, ball.
turmakla-: v.t. to tie in a bundle; to
tuck, to gather. [turmaklan-]
turmal- rare: v.i. to be wrapped in a
knot or bun (e.g., of hair).
turmush: life, lifestyle; married life.
~ga chiq- to get married (woman).
turmushla-: v.t. to tuck into one?s
belt; to wrap tightly.turna zool.heron,
crane. ~ qator standing or assembled in
a row or line.
turnik: (Russian) horizontal bar
turnir: (Russian) tournament.
turob: obs. (Arabic) dirt, earth.turoq
turoqli: adj. of turoq.
turp 1: (Persian) turnip.
turp 2: pulp, mash (left behind after
squeezing the juice from s.t.); husk.
turptarash: (Persian) grater, peeler.
turq-atvor: looks, appearance, state;
looks and demeanor.
turq: countenance, looks. ?gan ~i bor
he seems (about to)?, he looks as if?
~ing qursin! Damn you! gapning ~ini
o'zgartir- to change the tone?
turshak: (Persian) dried apricot (w/ the
pit intact). ~ suvi apricot nectar made
by boiling dried apricots.
turt-: to bump, to nudge, to prod, to
poke; to pester, to harass; to mention,
to point out. ~ib chiq- to bulge. [turtil-,
turtin-, turtish-, turttir-]
turtin-: reflex. of turt-; to bump
against; to get bruised, to get knocked
around, to have difficulty. [turtinish-]
turtinib-surtinib: (to) bump against
this and that.
turtki: prod, push, nudge; impetus,
stimulus. ~ ye- to be shoved or jostled;
to be harassed.
turtkila-: v.t. to (continually) poke at
or jostle; to harangue, to badger.
turum 1 3pp. tur(u)mi: hinge.??
uyning ~ini buzishyapti matchmakers
are busting the door down (coming in
droves to ask for the daughter?s hand
turum 2: yotib yeganga ~ tog'
chidamaydi No amount of savings is
enough for one who is a
arch.archaic 3pp. form ?is?. daftari bu
~..his notebook is this.
turush: (Persian) leavening; sour.
tus 1: hue, shade, color; appearance,
manner. ~ ol- to assume a tone or
characteristic. odat ~iga kir- to become
a habit. jiddiy ~ ol- to become serious.
ommaviy ~ ol- to become widespread
(among the populus).
tus 2 (< CHust): ~ (nusxa) do'ppi black
do'ppi with white almond designs, the
most commonly-worn do'ppi.
tusa-: v.t. to desire.
tush 1: dream. ~ ko'r- to have a dream.
~ bilibmanmi/etti uxlab ~(i)da etti
uxlab ~(i)ga (ham) kirmagan never in
his wildest dreams. Endi ~ingizda
ko'rasiz You'll see (that) again only in
your dreams. ~ingizni suvga ayting
You're dreaming.; There's no way...
tush 2: noon.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
tush": (Russian) India ink.
tush-: v.i. to fall, to go down, to
descend, to get off of (transport);
(+qo'lga ~- to fall into the hands of, to
be caught. ishga ~- to set to work.
qulab ~- to tumble down. oshib ~- to
vault over, to climb over; to be
excessive; to outstrip, to outdo. ~ib ket-
to fall down; (+ga) to leave on (bus,
etc.). ~ib qol- to fall off; to be left off,
to be omitted; to get off, to jump off
(transport). ichi ~gan gone soft on the
inside (melon). osmon uzilib erga
~adimi Is the sky going to fall (if you
do it)? og'izga ~- to be the talk of the
town. uning oldiga ~adigan(i) yo'q
Nobody is better than he is. tramvayga
~- to get on a tram. daraxtlarga qirov
~ibdi frost has covered the trees.
qorong'i ~- to become dark. uyga o'g'ri
~di A burglar hit the house. bu pal'to
menga juda qimmatga ~di This coat
cost me quite a lot. institutga ko'p ariza
~di The institute has received a lot of
applications. ustingizdan shikoyat ~di
There has been a complaint received
about you. lampochka patronga
~mayapti The lightbulb won't go into
the socket. chamolyot aErodromga ~di
The airplane landed at the airfield. men
o'rtog'imnikiga ~dim I stayed at my
friend's place. bu erlarga katta binolar
~adi Big buildings will be put up here.
bu joydan katta yo'l ~adi A big road
will be constructed starting here.
vahimaga ~- to become fretful (about).
ishqim ~di I've lost my love (for s.t.).
suvoq ko'chib ~di The plaster flaked
off. uchib ~- to fly down; to fly off, to
break off. cho'chib ~- to be startled, to
jump up. men tramvayga ~ib ketaman
I'm leaving on the tram. shaharga
tez-tez ~ib turaman I go into the city all
the time. men yo'lda ~ib qolaman I'm
getting off along the way. [tushil-,
tushir-, tushiril-, tushirish-, tushirtir-,
tusha- rare: to hobble, to shackle.
tushir-: v.t. caus. of qovun ~- to make
a mess (of s.t.), to put one's foot in
one's mouth. [tushiril-, tushirish-,
tushirtir-]tushirgi dial.trough for
carrying off excess water (e.g., on a
tushirgich: suv ~ sluice, gutter. qozon
~ tripod (for a cauldron).
tushki: midday, noontime. ~ ovqat
tushkur: cursed, blasted. qizim ~
haligacha kelmadi My blasted daughter
hasn't come yet.
tushlik: midday meal.
tushmagur: s. tushkur.
tushov: hobbles, shackles (for front
feet of animal). uloviga yarasha ~i like
master, like man. Eshagidan ~i qimmat
not worth the expense.
tushovla-: v.t. to hobble, to fetter, to
tushovli: hobbled, fettered, shackled.
tushum: income, earnings. ~ kelishigi
tushun-: v.i. to understand. ~dim I
understand. mazasiga ~- to develop a
taste for, to get accustomed to.
[tushunil-, tushunish-, tushuntir-,
tushunarli: understandable, easily
understood; Of course., I understand.
tushuncha: idea, concept;
understanding, awareness; learning,
knowledge, education. ~si past odam
person of little or no education.
tushunchali: enlightened, educated;
tushunchasiz: ignorant, unenlightened;
unaware or unconcerned with social
tushungan: past part. of tuwun-;
conscientious, understanding of social
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