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|xizmatkorxona rare: (Persian)
xizmatona rare: (Persian) wages.
xizmatxorlik: abstr. of xizmatkor;
Xizr: (Arabic) name of a legendary
figure famed for drinking from the
Water of Life and attaining
immortality; supposed to appear to
people in need to deliver them. ~ni
yo'qlasam (ham) bo'lar Ekan said of
s.o. who appears just as they are
xlor: (Russian) chlorine.
xlorla-: v.t. to chlorinate. [xlorlan-]
xlorli: chorine; chloride. ~ vodorod
hydrogen chloride. ~ ohak chloride of
xlorofill: (Russian) chlorophyll.
xmel" bot.: (Russian) hops.
xo'b: (Persian) good, fine, goodly;
beautiful person; s. xo'p.
xo'ja: (Persian) master; head of a line
of people believed to represent the first
local converts to Islam and descendents
of one of the first four caliphs; member
of the privileged upper class. ~
ko'rsinga/ko'rsin uchun outwardly, for
xo'jabeka: mistress (master's wife);
female member of the xo'ja
bot.a type of grape.
xo'jalik 1: economy; production; farm,
holding; property; household. ~ mudiri
property or assets manager. planli ~
planned economy. o'rmon ~i forestry.
uy ~i housekeeping. ~ tashkilotlari
economic organizations. ~ xodimi
economic planner. ~ boshqar- to
manage a household. ~ mollari
magazini household goods store.
xo'jalik 2: ownership; abstr. of xo'ja.
xo'jasavdogar zool.: (Persian) a type of
xo'jasizlik: wastefulness, misuse.
xo'jayin: (Persian) owner, proprieter;
master, boss; husband.
xo'jayinlik: abstr. of xo'jayin.
xo'mray-: v.i. to frown. [xo'mrayish-]
xo'p 1: (Persian) fine, well, okay; quite
a lot, very much. ~ bo'ladi fine, sure, as
you like. ~ de- to say okay. ~ qilibsan
You've done a great job., Good going.
~ bo'pti Good for him., He deserves it.
~ bo'lmasa fine, then.
xo'p 2: s. xo'ptir.
xo'pam: just fine.
xo'ppa semiz: round, obese.
xo'ptir: mill (turned by animal).
xo'qacha: small pitcher (s.
ko'zacha).xo'r-xo'r ono.~ ich- to slurp.
xo'r: (Persian) degraded, abject. ~ qil-
xo'ra: (Persian) having a ravenous
xo'rak: (Persian) food, victuals,
provisions; feed; s. ~ qil- to feed.
xo'raki: (Persian) edible.
xo'rakxona coll.: (Persian) mess hall,
xo'ram-noxo'ram dial.: (Persian)
willing or not, by force.
xo'ram-noxo'ramlik: ~ bilan s.
xo'randa: (Persian) diner, customer.
xo'rda 1: (Persian) ~ osh rice stew or
porridge. birovning ~ burdasida bo'l- to
be at the beck and call of s.o. ham ~ni
urmoq, ham burdani to do whatever
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
xo'rda 2: (Persian) smooth, even. pero
~ bo'libdi the pen writes well now.
xo'rilla- ono.: v.i. s. xurilla-.
xo'rillat-: v.t. caus. of xo'rilla-; to
xo'rla-: v.t. to debase, to abuse.
[xo'rlan-, xo'rlat-, xo'rlash-]
xo'rlik: debasement, mistreatment. ~i
keldi to become dejected.
xo'roz: (Persian) rooster, cock; tough,
manly, brazen. ~ gap or gapning ~i the
meat of the matter. ~ qichqirmasdan
before the cock crows.
xo'rozboz: (Persian) cock fighter.
xo'rozlan-: v.i. to set on or attack (as a
xo'rozqand: (Persian) sugar candy in
the shape of a rooster.
xo'rsin-: v.i. to sigh. [xo'rsintir-]
xo'sh 1: (Persian) well?; well, umm.
xo'sh 2: (Persian) Goodbye.
xo'sh 3: call made when herding
xo'shlash-: v.i. to say goodbye to one
xo'tik: foal of a donkey.
xob lit.: (Persian) dream; sleep.
xobgoh lit.: (Persian) bed chamber.
xoch: arch. (Arabic) crucifix.
xoda: (Persian) log.
xodim: (Arabic) worker, employee;
masseur (in bathhouse); servant,
attendant. ilmiy ~ staff member of
scientific or research institution.
xodima: (Arabic) fem. of
xodim.xodimchi coll.s. xodimgar.
xodimgar: (Persian) masseur.
xodimi: (Persian) ~ qil- to massage.
xodimlik: abstr. of xodim.xodmigar
xoh: (Persian) whether..., or...; both...
and... ~ kelsin, ~ kelmasin whether he
comes or not. ~ yosh, ~ qari both
young and old.
xoh-noxoh: (Persian) whether wanting
to or not.
xohish: (Persian) desire, preference.
xohla-: v.t. to desire; to do willingly.
registry office; marriage vows.
xoin: (Arabic) traitor; deceiver;
xoinlarcha: s. xoinona.
xoinona: (Persian) treacherously,
xoja lit.: (Persian) s. xo'ja, xo'jayin.
xok: (Persian) earth; dust; ashes,
xoka: (Persian) (coal) dust.
xokandoz: (Persian) fire-shovel.
xoki: (Persian) ~ anjir figs ripening in
xokipok: (Persian) blessed earth.
xokipoy: (Persian) dust or earth
beneath one's feet.
xokisor: (Persian) humble; submissive.
~ bo'l- to be humiliated; to be spoiled
or ruined. ~ qil- to humiliate; to spoil,
xokito'zon: s. xokiturob.
xokiturob lit.: (Persian) ~ bo'l- to be
laid low, to be ruined. ~ qil- to lay low,
to ruin, to obliterate.
xokkey: (Russian) hockey.
xokkeychi: hockey player.
xol: (Persian) mole; birthmark; dot,
mark; beauty spot. ~ qo'y- to adorn
with a beauty spot.; to make a mess of.
~ bo'lib tush- to enhance the beauty of,
xol-xol: dotted, spotted.
xola: (Arabic) maternal aunt; form of
address to older women. ~ oyi s.
xolavachcha: (Persian) cousin
xoldor: (Persian) marked with a mole,
birthmark, etc.; spotted, speckled.
xoli: (Arabic) vacant; distant, separate;
alone, separately, in private; (+~ joy
secluded place. ~ uy vacant room or
house; separate room or house.
foydadan ~ Emas not without benefit.
~ qil- to vacate; to seclude.
xolilat- rare: v.t. to seclude, to
xoliq: (Arabic) the Creator.
xolis: (Arabic) fair, even-handed,
objective, impartial, unbiased; neutral;
loyal; unselfish; impartial go-between;
abstainer. ~ guvoh unbiased witness. ~
tur- to be or remain impartial. ~ xizmat
loyal service; well-meant action that
backfires. ~ yomon ko'r- to dislike for
xolisanlillo(h): (Arabic) s. xolisona.
xolislik: impartiality, objectivity;
xolisona: (Persian) impartially,
xolodil"nik: (Russian) refrigerator.
xolos: (Arabic) just, only. ana ~! That's
it!, That does it!, There you go!
xolparang ro'mol: fine, dotted silk
xom: (Persian) raw, uncooked; unripe,
green; unfinished; halfbaked;
inexperienced. ~ xayol halfbaked,
impractical idea, vain illusion;
dreamer. ~ ot horse that has never been
ridden or harnessed. ~ teri untanned
leather. ~ ish slipshod, poorly-planned
work. ~ o'yla- to think impulsively,
incompletely. sochni ~ o'r- to braid hair
poorly. ~ semiz pudgy.
xom-xatala: not fully cooked;
xoma 1: arch. (Persian) (reed) pen.
xoma 2 dial.: (Persian) hill.
xomak: (Persian) unripe melon.
xomaki: (Persian) draft, rough,
unfinished, tentative. ~ urush military
xomakla-: v.i. to put forth melon buds.
xomashyo: raw material.
xomcho't: rough estimate or
xomiq- rare: v.i. to get fat from being
xomkalla: (Persian) idiot, dunderhead.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
xomligicha: raw, still uncooked.
xomlik: unripeness; rawness;
xommapish: game played by children
in which a fire is lighted within a small
dome made of mud.
xomqolip: rough, initial, draft.
xomsemiz: s. xom semiz.
xomsi-: v.i. s. xomsira-.
xomsira-: v.i. to have doubts or
xomso'z: (Persian) not fully cooked.
xomsurp: plain unprinted material.
xomsuvoq: crude, initial layer of
xomtalash: sacrifice of an animal and
free distribution of the meat;
xomtama: (Persian) fool, dreamer.
xomtamalik: foolishness, futile hopes.
xomtarash: (Persian) rough hewing or
xomtok: (Persian) pruning (of
grapevines); pruned section of a
xomush: (Persian) silently, without
speaking; sad, gloomy.
xomushlan-: v.i. to become gloomy or
xomushlik: silence; sadness, gloom.
xomut: (Russian) horse collar.
xomxo'tla-: v.t. to make a rough
calculation of. [xomcho'tlash-]
xon: khan. ~ ko'tar- to choose a khan
as leader. o'zi ~, ko'lankasi maydon or
o'zi(ga) ~, o'zi(ga) bek king/queen of
the world, imperious and pushy person.
xona: (Persian) room; house; cell,
cavity, hole; zero, power of ten (of
large number). ko'z ~si eye socket.
xonadon: (Persian) family, household;
xonaki: (Persian) homemade;
domestic, tame, house(hold). ~ gul
indoor plant. ~ mushuk
xonakilash-: v.i. to become tame or
xonanda: (Persian) singer.
xonanishin: (Persian) stay-at-home,
xonaqoh: (Persian) the prayer hall of a
mosque; dervish hall; almshouse,
xonaqohnishin: (Persian) dervish who
never leaves a xonaqoh; one who has
forsaken the world.
xonasallot: wretched, damned.
xonasi: (window of) opportunity.
xonatlas: the highest-quality atlas.
xonavayron: (Persian) deprived of
home and family, destitute, ruined. ~
bo'l- to be desolated or ruined; to be
dispossessed of one's home and family.
~ qil- to lay waste to, to destroy; to
separate from or deprive of home and
xonazod: (Persian) born and raised in a
household. ~ qul slave born and raised
in a master's house.
xonim 1: lady, madame; beautiful lady.
xonim 2: a steamed dish made of
unleavened dough rolled around
ground meat, onions, potatoes, etc.
xonish: (Persian) singing.
xonlik: abstr. of xon; khanate.xonqizi
xontaxta: (Persian) low table used for
eating off of.
xontinlik: abstr. of ~ka ol- to take as a
wife. u senga ~ qilmaydi She won't be
a (proper) wife to you.
xonumon: (Persian) possessions;
xonzoda: (Persian) of royal
blood.xoqon hist.great khan, emperor.
xoqoniy: adj. of xoqon.
xoqonlik: abstr. of xoqon; khanate.
xor 1: (Persian) lowly, despicable;
abject. ~ tut- to disdain. ~ qil- to
degrade, to trample upon.
xor 2: (Russian) choir.xor-xas, xoru
xor-zor: down and out, degraded,
xor-zorlik: destitution, need, dire
xoreografik: (Russian) choreographic.
xoreografiya: (Russian) choreography.
xorgul bot.: (Persian) Austrian briar.
xorij: (Arabic) out of, not involved,
excluded; abroad, overseas.
xorijiy: (Arabic) foreign; foreigner.
xoriqulodda obs. (Arabic):
xorla-: v.t. to degrade, to trample
xorlik-zorlik: s. xor-zorlik.
xorlik: degradation, destitution,
xormeyster: (Russian) choir master.
xos: (Arabic) unique, special,
particular; private; (obs.) near ones,
close companions. ~ qil- to select.
xosa(ki): thoroughbred, purebred.
xosiyat: (Arabic) merit, special quality.
~i yo'q not worthwhile, of no help, for
xosiyatli: special, good, lucky.
xosiyatsiz: adverse, unlucky; bad luck.
u ~ odam He's a rotten man, He's bad
xoslik: uniqueness, specialness.
xossa: (Arabic) peculiarity,
xosxona: (Persian) residence (of
xotam: obs. (Arabic) seal, stamp.
xotima: (Arabic) conclusion. ~ ber- to
end. ~ yasa- to bring to a conclusion.
xotin-qizlar: women and
xotin: woman; wife; no longer a virgin.
~ kishi woman. ~ oshi women's feast,
part of marriage celebration only for
women. ~ peshin time at which women
formerly performed their afternoon
prayers (app. 4-5 pm). ~ ahli
womenfolk, women. ~ ma'no woman,
women. ~ hammom women's
bathhouse. katta ~ older, mature
woman; older wife (of 2 or more).
kichik ~ younger wife (of 2 or more). ~
ol- to get married, to take a wife (of a
man). ~ qo'y- to get rid of one's wife.
~ning javobini ber- to divorce one's
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
wife. ~ jallob man who has married
and divorced many times.
xotinak supurgi: short-handled broom.
xotinboz: philanderer, womaniser,
xotinbozlik: philandering, sleeping
xotincha 1: s. xotinchasiga.
xotincha 2: dim. of xotin.
xotinparast: man who worships his
bot.a type of almond.
xotir: (Arabic) memory, mind; respect,
deference. ~i jam at ease, not worried.
~ingiz jam bo'lsin Don't worry., Not to
worry. ~dan kechir- to ponder, to mull
over. ~ga ol- to think about; to keep in
mind. ~dan kech- to pass through one's
mind. ~ga kel- to be recalled, to occur
to. ~imga keldi I recalled. ~imga bir
fikr keldi I just had an idea. ~da tut- to
remember, to keep in one's mind. ~da
bo'l- to be in mind. ~dan chiq-/~dan
chiqaz- to forget. ~ni jam qil- to put at
ease. ~i uchun out of respect for, in
xotira: (Arabic) memory;
remembrance. ~ daftari diary,
notebook. mendan sizga ~ uchun This
is for you to remember me by. ~ taxtasi
memorial board or display case. ~ga
ol- to recall. ~ kuni Day of
xotirjam: (Persian) collected,
contented, at ease.
xotirjamlan-: v.i. to be contented, to
have one's mind at ease.
xotirjamlik: contentedness, tranquility.
xotirla-: v.t. to recall, to remember.
[xotirlan- xotirlat- xotirlash-]
xotirlat-: v.t. to remind.
xotirlik: maluli ~ bilan indolently,
xotirot: (Arabic) reminder(s),
xren bot.: (Russian) horseradish.
xrestomatiya: (Russian) chrestomathy.
xristian: (Russian) Christian.
xrizantema bot. (Russian):
xrom: (Russian) chromium; chrome.
xromla-: v.t. to plate with chrome.
xronik: (Russian) chronic.
xronika: (Russian) chronicle; news
items (of newspaper); newsreel,
xronikachi: person who prepares the
xronika section of a newspaper.
xronikal: (Russian) adj. of xronika.
xronologik: (Russian) chronological.
xronologiya: (Russian) chronology.
xronometr: (Russian) chronometer.
xronometraj: (Russian) time-keeping.
xronometrajchi: time keeper.
xronometrik: (Russian) chronometric.
xrustal": (Russian) crystal.
xud: (Persian) goh ~, goh bexud
sometimes well, sometimes poorly,
sometimes like this, sometimes like
xud-bexud: s. xud.
xudbin: (Persian) proud,
xudbinlik: pride, conceit.
xuddi: (Persian) exactly, just like;
almost, nearly, all but. ~ yiqilib tushay
dedim I nearly fell down.
xudkom: obs. (Persian) s. xudbin.
xudo: (Persian) God. avvali ~ God
willing., Should God will. (+ga) ~
berdi May ... be fortunate, lucky,
successful. ~ bilsin God knows. ~(y)
ko'rsatmasin God forbid. ~ ~(y)
ko'tarsin! or ~ olsin! God rid us of ...! ~
rahmati God bless his/her soul. ~ urgan
God-damned. ~ urdi It was the wrath of
God (that our work went awry). ~ urdi
ketdi As if that were really the case. ~
uriptimi Come on!, Be real! ~ haqi
God's truth. yo ol ~, yo ber ~ Come
what may. ~ga soldim May God punish
him. ~(y)ga topshir- to leave in God's
hands. ~ga shukur Thanks be to God.
xudobexabar: (Persian) who has no
fear of God, impious.
xudobezor(i): (Persian) vile, wicked.
xudogo'y: (Persian) pious.
xudojo'(y): (Persian) pious, devout.
xudojo'ylik: piety, devotion.
xudoparast: (Persian) religious.
xudotars: arch. (Persian)
xudovand: (Persian) Lord, Master.
xudovando: (Persian) xudoyo ~ Dear
xudoy: (Persian) s. xudo.
xudoyi: (Persian) alms or sacrifices
made for the memory of the deceased
or for deliverance from an affliction.
xudoyichi: s. xudoyixo'r; destitute,
xudoyixo'r: (Persian) one who makes a
habit of living off of free food given
away as xudoyi.
xudoyixona: arch. (Persian) soup
xudoyo: (Persian) Oh God.
xudparast: (Persian) conceitful,
xufiya: (Arabic) secret, clandestine.
xufiyaki: (Persian) s. xufiyona.
xufiyona: (Persian) secretly,
xufton: (Persian) evening prayer(=~
namozi); evening. ~gacha (for) quite
some time. ~ downhearted,
xuk: (Persian) ~ yili the year of the pig
(s. to'ng'iz yili).
xuligan: (Russian) hooligan, punk.
xullas: (Arabic) (~i kalom) well, in
xullasi: (Arabic) s. xullas.
xullaski: (Persian) s. xullas.
xulosa: (Arabic) conclusion; in short,
in conclusion. ~ qil-/chiqar- to reach a
conclusion, to conclude (that).
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