The Great State of Ohio David Rice


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The Great State of Ohio

  • David Rice


Ohio Geography

  • Ohio is located in the mid-west portion of the United States.

  • It borders, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Indiana, West Virginia, and Kentucky.

  • Ohio’s Northern Border is Lake Erie and Canada.

  • Ohio is the 34th largest state. It covers about 45,000 square miles.



Geography continued

  • The highest point in Ohio is 1500 feet above sea level.

  • Temperature Range: 15-85 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • The state is 220 miles long and wide at the most distal points.



Ohio State Symbols





Ohio Facts

  • Capital: Columbus

  • Population: 11million

  • Counties: 88

  • Joined Union:1803

  • 17th state



Ohio History

  • Marietta was founded in 1788.

  • Ohio’s first Constitutional Convention convened in 1802 at Chillicothe

  • In 1803 Ohio became a state

  • Columbus became the state capital in 1816.

  • The state industry consisted of farming, trapping and trading.



Ohio today

  • Ohio’s second bicentennial was in 2003.

  • Today the state has grown from about 50,000 people to almost 11.5 million people.

  • Ohio Industry Includes: manufacturing, Agriculture, Retail, Wholesale, Communication, Utilities, finance, insurance, education, real estate, construction, and many other services.

  • Major productions: Tires, Rubber, Steel, processed food, and manufactured goods.

  • Ohio cities include: Toledo, Dayton, Columbus, Cleveland, Akron, and Cincinnati.



Ohio Culture

  • Ohio has the largest Amish community in the world.

  • The Amish in Ohio reside in the Holmes-Wayne county area.

  • They do not use modern technology such as phones and cars.

  • They support themselves through farming

  • All work is done with simple machines and horses.



Ohio Government

  • Ohio has a three branch system

  • Executive, Legislative, and Judicial

  • Bicameral legislature

  • The upper house has 33 members and the lower house has 99 members.



Ohio Constitution

  • 18 Articles

  • Articles 5-18 deal with specific items i.e. education, corporations, elections.

  • Limits authority

  • 11,000 words



General Assembly

  • Two branches

  • Three basic powers

    • Political (organization/operation)
    • Police (general welfare)
    • Taxing (raise revenue)


General Assembly

  • 132 members

  • Unlimited power to organize itself

  • Enact bills

  • Propose amendments

  • two houses

  • Senate: 33 members

  • http://www.ohiochamber.com/governmental/pdfs/127Senate.pdf

  • House of Reps: 99 members

  • http://www.ohiochamber.com/governmental/pdfs/127House.pdf



The Senate

  • Each senator represents about 300,000 people

  • Elections are held every two years, with half the senate being elected

  • Senate President calls the senate to order in January of each new session.

  • Republicans currently have the majority.



Senate Weekly Schedule

  • Tuesday: 1:30 P.M.

  • Wednesday: 1:30 P.M.

  • Thursday: 11:00 A.M.



How the Senate works

  • The senate officers are the president and the president pro tempore.

  • The senate is divided into fourteen standing committees.

  • The chairman of each committee is in charge of scheduling hearings, and committee sessions as well as a voting time for their bills.

  • The committee will vote on each bill that they receive. If they pass it, the Senate will debate it on the floor and vote.

  • If it is passed, it goes on to the lower house for vote.



The House of Representatives

  • Presiding officer is the Speaker of the House

  • The house convenes in January of each new session

  • The house works in much the same way as the senate

  • The house has 22 standing committees



Assembly Membership

  • 18 years old

  • Resident for one year.

  • elections even numbered years.

  • Senate: two four year terms.

  • House: four two year terms

  • “Eight in four out,” principle.



How a bill becomes a law in Ohio

  • Considered by both houses on three different days.

  • must be copied and given to every member.

  • Majority in both houses

  • Speaker of house and President of senate sign it.

  • Sent to governor

  • Governor:

    • signs it into law
    • Ignores it for ten days, bill becomes a law
    • vetoes it with objections
    • 3/5 majority in both houses override veto.


People Power

  • Initiative- propose amendments or statutes.

  • Referendum- approve/disapprove laws passed by General Assembly.

  • Recall- remove elected official from office.



The Ohio Executive branch

  • Six officials

    • Governor/Lt. Governor
    • Attorney General
    • Secretary of State
    • Auditor
    • Treasurer


The Executive Branch Continued

  • Elected in even numbered, non presidential years

  • non elected officials include: State Board of Education, Adjutant General, and many other departments.

  • The Governor oversees 21 different departments including: the EPA, the department of agriculture, administrative services, transportation, and taxation.

  • The Governor also must oversee various boards and commissions including: the lottery commission, board of regents, public utilities commission, and civil rights commission

  • The Governor must develop a budget and a

  • legislative agenda.

  • **Governor=President of Ohio



Attorney General



The Ohio Secretary of State

  • Chief elections officer

  • oversees all state elections

  • Appoints members to county board of elections

  • maintains all election records

  • licenses ministers to perform marriages

  • Laws passed by the general assembly are filed with secretary of state



The Auditor’s office

  • ensures public funds are spent lawfully.

  • Ohio has one of the largest auditor’s offices in the nation.



The Judicial Branch of Ohio

  • Interpret laws

  • Protects U.S. and Ohio constitutions

  • Seven court levels

    • Ohio Supreme Court
      • Chief justice and six Justices
    • Court of Appeals
      • Twelve districts
      • Three judge panel
    • Court of Common pleas
    • municipal court
    • County Court
    • Court of claims
    • Mayor’s courts


The Ohio Smoking Ban

  • This law was put on the ballot through initiative.

  • The law prohibits any people from smoking in any public place, or place of work.

  • It does not prohibit people from smoking in their own home.

  • Any public place found to be in violation will receive a warning letter and then a fine.



Current Elected Officials

  • Ted Strickland- Governor (D)

  • Lee Fisher- Lt. Governor (D)

  • Marc Dann- Attorney General (D)

  • Mary Taylor- Auditor (R)

  • Jennifer Brunner- Secretary of State (D)

  • Thomas J. Moyer-Chief Justice Ohio Supreme Court (R)



Exam Questions

  • How many Justices are on the Ohio Supreme Court?




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