The similar features of uzbek and korean cultures
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THE SIMILAR FEATURES OF UZBEK AND KOREAN CULTURES
The teacher of Tashkent state university
of economics Tolibov A.N.
Day by day the government pays much attention to people`s culture, spirituality, rights and opinions. Russian, kazak, tadjik, german, turk, korean, kirgiz are our neighbours now. They forms Uzbekistan`s people. One of them is koreans which our history joined their a long time ago. In several books, plays and authors says uzbek and korean people connections began early. The Graet Silk Road played the main role in their history.2 While searching ancient Afrosiyob walls scientists found illustrations which described two ambassadors in Varhumon shah`s castle.3 Today more than hundred thousand korean live in our motherland. When we are learning about different cultures, we find plenty of interesting information for ourselves. It can give us much knowledge about culture.
Both of these countries have been connected for ancient times and they situated in the Asia. The historical root of the Uzbek state has a long history, it surrounds throughout the period which is from the most ancient state societies to nowadays. After the independence our state scored very big and great successes in a short period with the help of historical traditions. It should be mentioned now that one of the great successes is the relationships between Uzbek and Korean people. Korea is one of a handful of non-Western nations that has made the transition to full industrialization and modernization. However, Korea has preserved its self-identity and a considerablae part of its traditional, premodern culture, despite the growing Western influence that has inundated the southern half since 1945.4
Furthermore, similar to uzbek language korean is also in the family of Altai languages. And there are some influences of the other languages to this language too. Let’s see them in my video, both cultures, despite being some differences in their writings, there are some similarities in their grammar, pronounciation, meaning and structures.
For instance, the affix of the distance “-ma” in the both languages are the same: don’t go (borma) and in Korean (kajima); do not give (berma) –(jujima); do not write ( yozma) – (ssjima); do not eat (yema) – (mokjima).
Next similarity is about “direction affix”. We know it in Uzbek “-gacha”, in Koreans say it “-kaji”. For instance, “from Seoul to Tashkent” (Seuldan Toshkentgacha) – “ Souleso Tashkentkaji”.
There is another point of interest is in the words: A wolf ( bo’ri) – vori, a sheep ( qo’y) – koi, the name Chulpan( Cho’lpon) – is also Cho’lpon ( it was one of the capital city of historical Korea), a duck (o’rdak) – o’ri, to call someone we usually use “ey” – “ey”, water (suv) – su, a person who has a deep knowledge about spiritual world (Baxshi) – baxshi. As can be seen there are a lot of similarities between these languages.5
Of course, it is true that the reason of the historical relationships were buying and selling migrations and other event. Therefore, they are close countries, however, they live far from each other. And both of them are representatives of Asian culture as well. At this time a new Korean cultural centre and theatre is being built by the government. It will finish after a year in 2018.
Another point which I should mention is that we have our own national hair-do which is called “2 braids or 40 braids”, having divided into 2 or 40, hair is plaited. Also Korean women have this kind of braids which is named “2 braid”. Especially in history not only women but men also plaited their hair if they had a long hair. It was named “1 braid”. If you saw some of Korean films which is historical ones, you could see they had plaited hair. This was their national hair-do.In our historical culture women should wear duppi after plating hair. It was considered a national hair – do.
Furthemore, as it impossible to imagine one country without its national clothes, traditons and dances, we have our national clothes “Atlas” and “Adras”, and “chopon”, “yaxtak”. In our country usually brides wear beautiful and attractive atlas and adras dresses and yaxtak or duppies which are very comfortable are often worn in summer or hot days in some villages.
Koreans also have their own national clothes “chogori” since “ the period of 3 qirollar” which is very colorful and long. In Korea usually they wore their national chogories in history, that brides wore red and pink colored dresses and other women wore blue, green and yellow ones, even very young girls wore this kind of clothes. But today national clothes are worn during festivals, wedding parties, anniversaries and New year. Because national clothes are very uncomfortable and difficult to move or walk.6
Our first president Islam Karimov wrote in his book: “Of course, it is impossible to imagine the spirituality of every nation without its culture, national customs and vital values”7, during the global process we must know our national culture, traditions and act them every day. In addition, knowing the main and attractive sides of other nationality`s culture and life helps us being close to them. There are a number of colorful features like these asyou read. What is more, uzbek and korean relations play an important role in their developing system. So, we should teach the formation of inter-ethnic harmony and tolerance to our youth.
List of literatures
The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan. –T.: «Uzbekistan», 2014.
Kageyama Etsuko. A Chinese way of depicting foreign delegates discerned in the painting of Afrasiab// Studia Iranica. № 25. Paris, 2002.
Албаум Л.И. Живописъ Афрасиаба. Ташкент, 1973.
Andrew C.Nahm. Introduction to korean history and culture// Hollym. Seoul. 2006.
“International Journal of Central Asian Studies” Volume 6, 2001.
A.N.Tolibov. O’zbek va koreys xalqlari madaniyatining o’ziga xosligi, uyg’unligi va modernizatsiyasi. Magistrlik dissertatsiyasi//TDPU, 2016.
I.A.Karimov. Yuksak ma`naviyat- yengilmas kuch.-T.: “Ma`naviyat”, 2008.
1 The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan. –T.: «Uzbekistan», 2014.
2 Kageyama Etsuko. A Chinese way of depicting foreign delegates discerned in the painting of Afrasiab// Studia Iranica. № 25. Paris, 2002.
3 Албаум Л.И. Живописъ Афрасиаба. Ташкент, 1973.
4 Andrew C.Nahm. Introduction to korean history and culture// Hollym. Seoul. 2006. Preface.
5 “International Journal of Central Asian Studies” Volume 6, 2001.
6 A.N.Tolibov. O’zbek va koreys xalqlari madaniyatining o’ziga xosligi, uyg’unligi va modernizatsiyasi. Magistrlik dissertatsiyasi//TDPU, 2016.
7 I.A. Karimov. Yuksak ma`naviyat- yengilmas kuch.-T.: “Ma`naviyat”, 2008. 30-b.
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