The sixteenth century in Europe was a time of unprecedented change. It was the beginning of the modern era, and it saw a revolution in almost every aspect of life. The century opened with the discovery of a new continent


Download 463 b.
bet11/20
Sana14.08.2018
Hajmi463 b.
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   ...   20

A prominent Huguenot who embodied the spirit of the Renaissance in several ways. As a potter, he experimented with the chemistry of glazes to find a variety of colors that would not run. As a modeler, he used a clay that enabled him to make fine casts from life, so that the creatures here are life-sized and convincing, the plants detailed even to the surfaces of leaves. It was customary in prosperous households to display extravagant vessels like this showpiece as works of art not necessarily used at table. This dish, in the spirit of the ceramic grotto Palissy installed in the royal gardens at the Tuileries, would have suggested a natural coolness in the summertime. Palissy was probably inspired by German bronzeworkers' castings of small reptiles and amphibians and by the fashion in earlier manuscript painting for filling the border with naturalistic plants and animals. The meaning of the little griffin at the upper right--the patron's emblem?--is a mystery waiting to be solved.

  • A prominent Huguenot who embodied the spirit of the Renaissance in several ways. As a potter, he experimented with the chemistry of glazes to find a variety of colors that would not run. As a modeler, he used a clay that enabled him to make fine casts from life, so that the creatures here are life-sized and convincing, the plants detailed even to the surfaces of leaves. It was customary in prosperous households to display extravagant vessels like this showpiece as works of art not necessarily used at table. This dish, in the spirit of the ceramic grotto Palissy installed in the royal gardens at the Tuileries, would have suggested a natural coolness in the summertime. Palissy was probably inspired by German bronzeworkers' castings of small reptiles and amphibians and by the fashion in earlier manuscript painting for filling the border with naturalistic plants and animals. The meaning of the little griffin at the upper right--the patron's emblem?--is a mystery waiting to be solved.





The stylistic hybrid produced through the cross-pollination of different strains of European art runs through the whole of painting in Spain; traditionally, this was taken as a sign of dependence on centers of innovation in Flanders or Italy. However, the mix of sources, influences, and aims in Spain--and the resulting paintings--was always different from place to place and always changing in ways that cannot be accounted for simply by developments in other parts of Europe.

  • The stylistic hybrid produced through the cross-pollination of different strains of European art runs through the whole of painting in Spain; traditionally, this was taken as a sign of dependence on centers of innovation in Flanders or Italy. However, the mix of sources, influences, and aims in Spain--and the resulting paintings--was always different from place to place and always changing in ways that cannot be accounted for simply by developments in other parts of Europe.



Spaniards who worked in Italy and returned to Spain; Italians and northerners, as well as Spaniards, who painted for Philip II or were collected by him .

  • Spaniards who worked in Italy and returned to Spain; Italians and northerners, as well as Spaniards, who painted for Philip II or were collected by him .

  • Foreign painters who stayed on in Madrid, "Naturalism in Castile and Valencia" and those, like Federico Zuccaro in the late sixteenth century and Rubens in the seventeenth,"The Presence of Rubens and Titian"





  • Widely regarded as having the greatest impact in bringing the Italian Renaissance to Spain, El Greco, as his name implies, was not Spanish at all, but was born Domenikos Theotokopoulos in Crete. He studied the great Italian masters of his time - Titian, Tintoretto, and Michaelangelo - when he lived in Italy from 1568 to 1577. According to legend, after asserting that he would paint a mural as good as one of Michaelangelo's if they demolished one of the Italian artist's, El Greco quickly fell out of favor in Italy, and soon found a new home in the city of Toledo in southern Spain. He was influential in creating a style based on impressions and emotion, with elongated fingers and vibrant color and brushwork. His paintings of the city of Toledo became models for a new European tradition in landscapes, influencing the work of the later Dutch masters.







His birth name was Jeroen van Aken c. 1450 – August 9, 1516 was an Early Netherlandish painter of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Many of his works depict sin and human moral failings. Bosch used images of demons, half-human animals and machines to evoke fear and confusion to portray the evil of man. The works contain complex, highly original, imaginative, and dense use of symbolic figures and iconography, some of which was obscure even in his own time.

  • His birth name was Jeroen van Aken c. 1450 – August 9, 1516 was an Early Netherlandish painter of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Many of his works depict sin and human moral failings. Bosch used images of demons, half-human animals and machines to evoke fear and confusion to portray the evil of man. The works contain complex, highly original, imaginative, and dense use of symbolic figures and iconography, some of which was obscure even in his own time.









Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   ...   20


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling