The sixteenth century in Europe was a time of unprecedented change. It was the beginning of the modern era, and it saw a revolution in almost every aspect of life. The century opened with the discovery of a new continent


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-wealthy trader, diplomat, and artist from Flanders -influential in art because he bucked trends and worked in a painterly fashion (the brush strokes were active and easily recognized in the painting.

  • -wealthy trader, diplomat, and artist from Flanders -influential in art because he bucked trends and worked in a painterly fashion (the brush strokes were active and easily recognized in the painting.

  • Nudes

  • Reflects tastes of the rich

  • Love flashy colors







Rubens, the master of depicting supple flesh and dynamic scenes, personifies the Baroque artist in Flanders. He is legendary for paintings such as his delightful depiction of The Garden of Love and the robust rendering of The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus.

  • Rubens, the master of depicting supple flesh and dynamic scenes, personifies the Baroque artist in Flanders. He is legendary for paintings such as his delightful depiction of The Garden of Love and the robust rendering of The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus.







To satisfy an ever growing demand Rubens opened the largest art workshop Europe has ever seen: he would paint a small initial oil sketch which when approved and contracted for would be given over to one or more of his students to paint the full length canvas, finally Rubens would add the finishing touches and sign it. Thus he became both a teacher and a hugely successful businessman.

  • To satisfy an ever growing demand Rubens opened the largest art workshop Europe has ever seen: he would paint a small initial oil sketch which when approved and contracted for would be given over to one or more of his students to paint the full length canvas, finally Rubens would add the finishing touches and sign it. Thus he became both a teacher and a hugely successful businessman.



Sir Anthony van Dyck ( 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish artist who became the leading court painter in England. He is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court, painted with a relaxed elegance that was to be the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next 150 years. He also painted biblical and mythological subjects, displayed outstanding facility as a draftsman, and was an important innovator in watercolor and etching.

  • Sir Anthony van Dyck ( 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish artist who became the leading court painter in England. He is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court, painted with a relaxed elegance that was to be the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next 150 years. He also painted biblical and mythological subjects, displayed outstanding facility as a draftsman, and was an important innovator in watercolor and etching.





was assumed to be a Flemish painter noted for still-life paintings, particularly of breakfast scenes and florals. We assume she was born in Antwerp for no record was ever found of a painter by that name.

  • was assumed to be a Flemish painter noted for still-life paintings, particularly of breakfast scenes and florals. We assume she was born in Antwerp for no record was ever found of a painter by that name.

  • She lived in Amsterdam and The Hague. Her first known work was dated 1608, when she was 14. Her last painting was dated 1657, and is now lost. The circumstances of her death are unknown.

  • Meticulous in detail, Peeters included miniature self portraits within the reflections she painted. She was also very skilled at distinguishing textures.



Clara Peeters is one of several women who pioneered the development of still life painting in the early seventeenth century. Most of her works can be categorized as flower, banquet or breakfast pieces depicting sumptuous displays of food and drink. This particular painting is typical in subject matter, composition, and style of her later work. She often combined perch, shrimp, and oysters in groupings that contrasted their colors, shapes, and textured surfaces. And in several of her works, she used a slanting object to depict depth beyond the picture plane.

  • Clara Peeters is one of several women who pioneered the development of still life painting in the early seventeenth century. Most of her works can be categorized as flower, banquet or breakfast pieces depicting sumptuous displays of food and drink. This particular painting is typical in subject matter, composition, and style of her later work. She often combined perch, shrimp, and oysters in groupings that contrasted their colors, shapes, and textured surfaces. And in several of her works, she used a slanting object to depict depth beyond the picture plane.









Rubens and Brueghel collaborated on a series of paintings, known collectively as Allegory of the Senses or The Five Senses (1617) which are set in an imaginary 'cabinet of wonder', as the collections were sometimes known; one of them even depicts another of their joint works prominently in the foreground. This series (today in the Prado in Madrid), is perhaps the most significant of their many collaborations, and comprises five allegorical paintings, one devoted to each of the senses.



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