The sixteenth century in Europe was a time of unprecedented change. It was the beginning of the modern era, and it saw a revolution in almost every aspect of life. The century opened with the discovery of a new continent


Download 463 b.
bet5/20
Sana14.08.2018
Hajmi463 b.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   20

Located within the New Sacristy of the Church of San Lorenzo in Florence, Italy, the chapel was actually designed as a funerary chapel for the Medici family. The chapel was first commissioned in 1520 by Cardinal Giulio de’Medici, later to become Pope Clement VII. The first design of the chapel included having a freestanding tomb where the remains of Lorenzo the Magnificent, his brother Giuliano, Lorenzo, Duke of Urbino and Giuliano, Duke of Nemours would have resided. The design went through many reductions and alterations and resulted in a much smaller product than initially devised.



On March 4 th 1519, Cardinal Giulio de’Medici announced his decision to spend around 50,000 ducats on a funerary chapel and library in the San Lorenzo church. Both of the projects were commissioned to Michelangelo. Lorenzo the Magnificent and his brother Giuliano had been buried in the “Old Sacristy” of the church of San Lorenzo. Though the completion of the chapel was urgent, there were political events that set back the progress of the chantry. Leo X died on December 1 st of 1521.

  • On March 4 th 1519, Cardinal Giulio de’Medici announced his decision to spend around 50,000 ducats on a funerary chapel and library in the San Lorenzo church. Both of the projects were commissioned to Michelangelo. Lorenzo the Magnificent and his brother Giuliano had been buried in the “Old Sacristy” of the church of San Lorenzo. Though the completion of the chapel was urgent, there were political events that set back the progress of the chantry. Leo X died on December 1 st of 1521.



Adrian of Utrecht, a Netherlander, was elected to the papacy as Adrian VI. Work on the chapel ceased, but less than two years after his appointment, Adrian VI died and Cardinal Giulio became Pope Clement VII on November 19, 1523. Work on the chapel continued after this. The dome and the lantern of the Medici chapel were finished in 1525 and Michelangelo chose to place a ball with a faceted surface on top of the structure. Once again in 1528, work on the chapel came to a halt. Like many architects of the Renaissance period, Michelangelo also served as a military engineer. Even after serving on the council of the Nine of the Militia, Michelangelo along with his servant and goldsmith Piloto, decided to flee to Venice.

  • Adrian of Utrecht, a Netherlander, was elected to the papacy as Adrian VI. Work on the chapel ceased, but less than two years after his appointment, Adrian VI died and Cardinal Giulio became Pope Clement VII on November 19, 1523. Work on the chapel continued after this. The dome and the lantern of the Medici chapel were finished in 1525 and Michelangelo chose to place a ball with a faceted surface on top of the structure. Once again in 1528, work on the chapel came to a halt. Like many architects of the Renaissance period, Michelangelo also served as a military engineer. Even after serving on the council of the Nine of the Militia, Michelangelo along with his servant and goldsmith Piloto, decided to flee to Venice.



Perhaps more famous than the Medici statues, are the allegorical figures that reside below them. “Night” and “Day” are a part of the Tomb of Giuliano de’Medici. Night is the female figure that is wearing a diadem with a moon and a star, and is surrounded by objects such as poppies, an owl, and a mask. All of these objects signify sleep. She also looks aged. To the right of Night is Day. Day is youthful and full of strength. Unlike that of Night and Dawn, both Day and Dusk have no identifying attributes. “Dusk” and “Dawn” are a part of Lorenzo de’ Medici’s tomb. Dawn is youthful and beautiful.

  • Perhaps more famous than the Medici statues, are the allegorical figures that reside below them. “Night” and “Day” are a part of the Tomb of Giuliano de’Medici. Night is the female figure that is wearing a diadem with a moon and a star, and is surrounded by objects such as poppies, an owl, and a mask. All of these objects signify sleep. She also looks aged. To the right of Night is Day. Day is youthful and full of strength. Unlike that of Night and Dawn, both Day and Dusk have no identifying attributes. “Dusk” and “Dawn” are a part of Lorenzo de’ Medici’s tomb. Dawn is youthful and beautiful.





Traditionally, Florentine tombs gave more of an accurate portrayal of the deceased.

  • Traditionally, Florentine tombs gave more of an accurate portrayal of the deceased.

  • Both figures are dressed in Roman amour, while Giuliano holds a baton and Lorenzo wears a helmet. It is thought they are in such attire because they both held positions of power in the forces under Leo X.







Michelangelo's famous dome, also the largest in the world, is represented in the museum's lobby by the 16-foot-five-inch-high, hand-crafted Study Model (ca. 1558-61) (above). It was commissioned by the artist for his work on the new basilica. The monumental wooden model, the only one of several left, illustrates the new dome's interior and exterior in graphic detail. Michelangelo's brick and stone dome is a miracle of Renaissance engineering and a testament to his artistic genius and vision.

  • Michelangelo's famous dome, also the largest in the world, is represented in the museum's lobby by the 16-foot-five-inch-high, hand-crafted Study Model (ca. 1558-61) (above). It was commissioned by the artist for his work on the new basilica. The monumental wooden model, the only one of several left, illustrates the new dome's interior and exterior in graphic detail. Michelangelo's brick and stone dome is a miracle of Renaissance engineering and a testament to his artistic genius and vision.







Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   20


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling