The war was dragging on for both sides and on many fronts


Download 472 b.
Sana31.05.2018
Hajmi472 b.



The war was dragging on for both sides and on many fronts

  • The war was dragging on for both sides and on many fronts

    • Northern theatre
    • Southern theatre
    • Frontier
      • Constant skirmishing between Colonial Forces and Loyalist/Native forces.
      • Indians sided with British (better treatment and odds to keep land)
      • Kept many colonists near home to fight, and not with the Colonial Army


Elmira (Newtown), NY

  • Elmira (Newtown), NY

    • Small Indian town in Southern NY
    • John Sullivan (US)
    • Culminating Battle in a year long campaign (only one in the north) to break the power of the Iroquois Nation, and to deprive Britain of a possible ally.
    • Sullivan continued to raid and burn indian villiages throughout the frontier in 1779.


Things were picking up in the south

  • Things were picking up in the south

  • US sends General Laclan McIntosh to Georgia to meet with French Admiral Valerie D'estaing to take Savannah.

    • He lands on shore with no opposition
    • Could have taken the city easily, but they stop outside and ask for surrender
      • British respond by making fortifications
  • The Colonial attack is repelled, and they lose 800 of 5000 men in the fight, forcing them to retreat.



US naval exploits are rare during this war

  • US naval exploits are rare during this war

  • John Paul Jones

    • Spent much of the war in France
    • Was given the Bonhomme Richard
  • Fought and won against the Serapis

  • “I have not yet begun to fight!”



General Howe decides, in December of 1779, that the South was the best place to fight.

  • General Howe decides, in December of 1779, that the South was the best place to fight.

    • He thought there was more Loyalists in the South
    • He thought the Colonial Army was weaker there


Why?

  • Why?

  • Here he and his men face bad conditions and a mutiny.



General Clinton Sailed south in 1779, and arrives near Charleston on February 11th, 1780.

  • General Clinton Sailed south in 1779, and arrives near Charleston on February 11th, 1780.

  • It takes a month for the British to get to Charleston, and they surround it when they do.

  • General Lincoln surrenders on May 12th, 1780.

    • 5400 Colonials captured (the ENTIRE southern Colonial Army)
    • Worst defeat suffered by the Colonials the whole war.


Winner of the Battle of Saratoga

  • Winner of the Battle of Saratoga

  • Takes over in the spring of 1780

  • His army is very rag tag, consisting of mainly militia



Takes place near Camden

  • Takes place near Camden

  • August 16th, 1780

  • Swamps hem in both armies

  • Gates green troops break and run

    • 1000 casualties
    • 1000 captured
    • Gates had 3000 troops total!


North is generally quiet

  • North is generally quiet

  • British attempt to gain control of NJ by attacking Washington’s headquarters at Morristown.

  • Nathaniel Greene defends Springfield, defeating the British, and ending most of the fighting in the North.



After Gates’ horrible defeat, Nathanael Greene is sent south to command the Colonial Troops.

  • After Gates’ horrible defeat, Nathanael Greene is sent south to command the Colonial Troops.

  • He faces off against General Cornwallis

  • He reorganizes the army and uses its advantages… for the next 6 months.



He wants to draw Cornwallis away from his supply and power bases

  • He wants to draw Cornwallis away from his supply and power bases

  • Goads Cornwallis to follow him inland, where his soldiers have the advantages of knowing the land and having support from the locals

  • Cornwallis unwittingly follows with 9000 men to try and destroy Greene’s army…



January 17th, 1781

  • January 17th, 1781

  • Near the Border of N and S Carolina

  • Daniel Morgan (US)

  • Banastre Tarleton (UK)

  • Morgan uses a strategy based on the defeat at Camden to rout the British forces



March 15, 1781

  • March 15, 1781

  • North Carolina

  • Cornwallis vs. Greene

  • For months, Greene had been leading Cornwallis on a chase throughout Virginia

  • He chooses to make a stand at Guilford Courthouse

  • Cornwallis wins, but only because Greene chooses to retreat.

  • Cornwallis does not follow Greene, instead he chooses to go on towards Virginia, and the ocean…



Corwallis decides on Yorktown as the place for him to rest and resupply.

  • Corwallis decides on Yorktown as the place for him to rest and resupply.

  • Washington and the French hurriedly march south to meet him.

  • The French fight at sea for the Americans, ans succeed in blockading Cornwallis on Sept 5-8.

  • The siege began on September 28th, and ended on October 17th.

  • Cornwallis and his army are captured, ending the war.



1782




Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling