Travel to india


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TRAVEL TO INDIA

  • Done by: Saydullayev Sh.
  • To find India on a world map:
  • Locate Asia.
  • India is a large country in southern Asia.
  • India has a long “tale” that sticks out into the Indian Ocean.
  • On this map, what color is India?
  • ORANGE
  • India
  • _______________________
  • Location: South Asia
  • Capital of India: New Delhi
  • Official Language: Hindi
  • Currency: Rupee
  • Republic of
  • Subcontinent
  • India is a large country in southern Asia. It is separated from the rest of Asia by the Himalayan Mountains. Because it is so big and cut off from the rest of the continent, it is called a subcontinent. To the south of India is the Indian Ocean.
  • India is the seventh largest country in the world. It has deserts, jungles, mountains, forests, and farms.
  • The major rivers are the Indus River and the Ganges River. Big cities include New Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay, and Bangalore.
  • Exports: tea, clothing, jewelry, iron ore, leather
  • Imports: food, gems, iron and steel, chemicals
  • Main crops: rice, wheat, tea, sugar cane, spices
  • Agriculture
  • The Flag
  • ________________________________________The top stripe is dark gold, the middle stripe is white, and the bottom stripe is green. The blue wheel in the middle is the Wheel of Life.
  • Climate
  • December to March ~~~~ Cold
  • April to May ~~~~ Very hot (Often over 100 degrees)
  • June to September ~~~~ Monsoon season
  • October to November ~~~ less rain
  • MONSOONS
  • Monsoons are huge rain storms that come in from the Indian Ocean. They bring enough rain to supply water for the whole year. These storms have strong winds. They can flood and destroy farms and houses. Some have even killed people.
  • History
  • Long ago, India was ruled by Mogul emperors. Then the empire fell apart into smaller kingdoms, ruled by maharajas.
  • By the 1600’s, Europeans had come into India to trade for Indian spices, silks, cotton cloth, and tea.
  • In 1857, the British took control of India and ruled there until 1947. One very important man, Mohandas Gandhi helped India gain independence.
  • Gandhi practiced civil disobedience. That means that he would not do what the British wanted, but he was never violent.
  • Taj Mahal
  • At about the same time the pilgrims were landing at Plymouth Rock, the Taj Mahal was built. That was almost 400 years ago.
  • It took over ten years to build. More than twenty thousand people and one thousand elephants helped build it.
  • The Taj Mahal is in Agra near the capital of India.
  • Shah Jahan was the emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. He deeply loved his wife Mumtaz Mahal. She died in 1631 when she was giving birth to their fourteenth child.
  • The emperor was so heartbroken that he decided to build a massive tomb in honor of their love. The two of them were buried together inside the Taj Mahal.
  • Since Shah Jahan loved his wife so much, he used only the finest marble. He also made sure that beautiful gems decorated her tomb.
  • The Taj Mahal is one of the wonders of the world.
  • It is also a great tribute to love.
  • Sports
  • Cricket
  • In India, the popular sport is cricket.
  • The game of cricket is played with a batsman, a wicket keeper, a bowler, and fielders.
  • The bowler rolls the ball toward the batsman. The wicket keeper stands behind the batsman. The batsman hits the ball with a bat and runs back and forth between the bowler and the wicket keeper to score runs. The fielders try to catch the ball to get the batsman out.
  • Clothing
  • Many women in India wear beautiful saris. Their clothing is brightly colored. For special events, women wear saris with gold embroidery and sequins.
  • Men usually wear dhotis. They are loose pants, similar to pajamas. In big cities, men wear American style clothing.
  • Children wear jeans, T-shirts, and skirts at home. They usually have uniforms for school.
  • Indian women love to wear jewelry. They wear earrings, nose rings, bangles (bracelets), anklets, rings, necklaces, and even jewelry in their hair!

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