Weaving: The process of interlacing one or more sets of yarns at right angles on a loom


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Weaving: The process of interlacing one or more sets of yarns at right angles on a loom.

  • Weaving: The process of interlacing one or more sets of yarns at right angles on a loom.

  • Warp yarns: Yarns that run lengthwise in woven fabric.

  • (“p” = up and down)

  • Weft yarns: Yarns that run crosswise in woven fabric.

  • (“weft” sounds like left & right)



Grain: The direction of the lengthwise and crosswise yarns in a woven fabric.

  • Grain: The direction of the lengthwise and crosswise yarns in a woven fabric.

  • Bias: The diagonal grain of a fabric. The bias provides the greatest stretch in the fabric.









In textiles, pile is the raised

  • In textiles, pile is the raised

  • surface or nap of a fabric, which

  • is made of upright loops or

  • strands of yarn.



A pile weave is made on a loom, like most types of weaves are made. The difference is that loops are created.

  • A pile weave is made on a loom, like most types of weaves are made. The difference is that loops are created.

  • These loops can either be left uncut, like in towels, or can be cut to uniform lengths, like in velvet fabric.

  • Types of fabrics created using a pile weave include Velvet, Corduroy, Terrycloth, and Velveteen



Using construction paper cut into strips about 1 inches x 11 inches you should recreate:

  • Using construction paper cut into strips about 1 inches x 11 inches you should recreate:

    • plain weave
    • twill weave
    • satin weave
  • On the back of each weave:



Knitting: the process of pulling loops of yarns through other loops to create interlocking rows of stitches

  • Knitting: the process of pulling loops of yarns through other loops to create interlocking rows of stitches



Weft Knit: a knit made with only one yarn

  • Weft Knit: a knit made with only one yarn

    • Types of weft knits include:
          • Jersey knits – most common type, curls at edges, used for t-shirts, sweaters and tights/hosiery
          • Rib knits – have vertical “ribs” (columns of stitches), used for neck, wrist and bottom bands of sweatshirts & jackets
          • Double knits – two yarns and two needles are used resulting in heavier, sturdier knits that don’t run or ravel
    • Characteristics include:
          • Two-way stretch in both lengthwise & crosswise directions
          • Can get lengthwise “runs” from broken threads
          • Made on either flat or circular knitting machines


Jersey Knits

  • Jersey Knits



Rib Knits

  • Rib Knits



Double Knits

  • Double Knits



Warp knit: a knit made with several yarns on flat knitting machines. Multiple yarns are looped together to produce a run-resistant knitted fabric.

  • Warp knit: a knit made with several yarns on flat knitting machines. Multiple yarns are looped together to produce a run-resistant knitted fabric.

          • Tricot knits – stable knits that lie flat and don’t run or ravel, made on very fast tricot knitting machines, used for lingerie, underwear and uniforms
          • Raschel knits – an extra yarn is used to create a patterned design in these knits, used for lacy knits, thermal underwear and bathing suits


Tricot knits

  • Tricot knits



Raschel knits

  • Raschel knits



  • Seamless knitting

  • involves the production

  • of a whole garment in

  • one piece on a knitting

  • machine so that little

  • or no sewing is required.



Made from fibers, not yarns

  • Made from fibers, not yarns

  • Fibers are held together by a combination of moisture, heat, chemicals and/or pressure.

  • No grain line

  • Limited stretch

  • Inexpensive

  • Often disposal



Uses include:

  • Uses include:

      • Interfacings
      • Batting for quilts
      • Felt
      • Disposable products
      • Medical products



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