What does it mean to be “great”? (What qualities or characteristics would a person have?)


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What does it mean to be “GREAT”? (What qualities or characteristics would a person have?)

  • What does it mean to be “GREAT”? (What qualities or characteristics would a person have?)




From 334 to his death in 323 BCE, Alexander III of Macedon (commonly referred to as Alexander the Great) set a campaign to extend Hellenistic culture far beyond the Greek archipelago. While he was known for his tolerant views toward local customs, historians have also critiqued the brutality of his military campaigns.

  • From 334 to his death in 323 BCE, Alexander III of Macedon (commonly referred to as Alexander the Great) set a campaign to extend Hellenistic culture far beyond the Greek archipelago. While he was known for his tolerant views toward local customs, historians have also critiqued the brutality of his military campaigns.



Began with Alexander’s father – Philip II became king in 359 B.C. He set up 3 goals to accomplish:

  • Began with Alexander’s father – Philip II became king in 359 B.C. He set up 3 goals to accomplish:

  • Philip II accomplished goals 1 & 2 but he was assassinated before completing goal 3.



Alexander became the new king at age 20.

  • Alexander became the new king at age 20.

  • He took up his father’s goal & by 327 B.C., he had conquered the Persians and was known as the “King of Kings.”

  • Alexander established his capital in Babylon and married a Persian woman.



His primary goal was to unite West and East: combine the best of Europe, Asia, and Africa.

  • His primary goal was to unite West and East: combine the best of Europe, Asia, and Africa.

  • Established cities in every conquered region (many named Alexandria).

  • Spread Greek culture which became known as Hellenistic culture: blend of East and West.





Alexander died in 323 B.C. after a short illness at the age of 33.

  • Alexander died in 323 B.C. after a short illness at the age of 33.



Africa: Ptolemy (Cleopatra’s family)

      • Africa: Ptolemy (Cleopatra’s family)
      • Asia: Seleucus
      • Europe: Antigonus


By 31 B.C. most of Alexander’s Empire was again united by the Romans.

  • By 31 B.C. most of Alexander’s Empire was again united by the Romans.



Look at the document on the back of your guided notes on Alexander’s Legacy. Read the document and answer the questions that follow to the best of your ability with your neighbor.

  • Look at the document on the back of your guided notes on Alexander’s Legacy. Read the document and answer the questions that follow to the best of your ability with your neighbor.



Let’s take a look at some other cultural achievements that we can attribute to the cultural blending that was a result of Alexander’s conquest. Using a text or the online text identify advancements seen in astronomy, mathematics, and physics.

  • Let’s take a look at some other cultural achievements that we can attribute to the cultural blending that was a result of Alexander’s conquest. Using a text or the online text identify advancements seen in astronomy, mathematics, and physics.







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