What was the nature and extent of Child Labor in the Gilded Age and Progressive Period?


Download 445 b.
Sana08.07.2018
Hajmi445 b.


The Social Photography of Lewis Hine and The Child Labor Reform Movement 1880 - 1918


What was the nature and extent of Child Labor in the Gilded Age and Progressive Period?

  • What was the nature and extent of Child Labor in the Gilded Age and Progressive Period?

  • How did the National Child Labor Committee work to “reform” the conditions of child labor?

  • What was the nature and impact of Lewis Hine’s “social photography,” particularly his child labor photographs?

  • How might the Lewis Hine’s child labor photographs and his social photography approach be used in history instruction?









  • The number of children under age 16 working doubled between 1890-1900, from 1. 1 million to 1.8 million By 1900, about 1 in every 6 children between the ages of five and ten were engaged in “gainful occupations” in the United States.

  • In 1900, 18% of children aged 10-15 were employed, but these recorded numbers understate the actual number or percentage of all children employed, which might have been as high as 30%.

  • Children under age 15 composed 25% of cotton industry workforce in 1900 and the ratio of children to adult workers was the highest in any industry.

  • In the anthracite and bituminous coal mining industries, boys almost exclusively filled three occupations: slate picker, door tender, and mule driver.

  • Children worked in most industries: glass factories canneries.

  • Most newspaper vendors and messenger boys were juveniles.





Slate picker: 6-10 cents/hr.

  • Slate picker: 6-10 cents/hr.

  • Meat packer: 2 cents/hr.

  • Glass factory hand: 3 cents/hr.

  • Cannery worker: 2.5 cents/hr.

  • Sweatshops: 1-2 cents/hr.

  • Train yard helper: 1-2 cents/hr.

  • Mule Driver: 6-10 cents/hr.

  • Cotton mills: 5 cents/hour for experienced 12 year olds. (Some mills gave children the “opportunity” to gain experience by allowing them to work without pay for a probationary period of up to six weeks. At the end of the period, they often would be fired and replaced by a new set of children on probationary status.)














































































































































































Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling