Working abroad – the patterns of migration flows and remittances across countries Anne Harrison, Tolani Britton and Annika Swanson


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Working abroad – the patterns of migration flows and remittances across countries

  • Anne Harrison, Tolani Britton and Annika Swanson


Round Table on Sustainable Development

  • Ministerial level meetings directed to finding means to implement goals agreed internationally to further sustainable development globally

  • Focus on the impacts of OECD countries on countries in the rest of the world



Sustainable development

  • Economic development which respects the contribution of the environment and the fact that economies ultimately function for the benefit of people



International agreements



Sustaining whose development?

  • Presented to a meeting of the Round Table in November 2003

  • Presented none data sets

  • Five use data concerning international flows

    • Services
    • FDI
    • Debt
    • Remittances


Migrants and remittances

  • Part of the social aspect of sustainable development

  • Highly topical, not fully understood, not always well represented

  • Can an examination of the data help understanding and representation?

  • Doha mode 4



Country coverage

  • All 30 OECD countries

  • 27 large non-OECD countries

  • 85% of population, 97% of GDP

  • Plus 17 regional “other” groups covering the remaining 160-170 countries



Goal

  • Take IMF data on remittances and estimate the match between country of origin and destination

  • Initially work with data for 2000 only



First task – pattern of migrants

  • Have information on number of migrants in each country, no comprehensive information on number of nationals abroad and the countries where are

  • Set about building a matrix of migrants for the world for 2000



Problems

  • Nationality, citizenship, place of birth

  • Refugees

  • Length of stay

  • Worker or family member

  • Links to home country

  • Skill level

  • Year data available



Results



Nationals abroad (mn)

  • Russia 10.2

  • Mexico 7.9

  • India 7.2

  • Ukraine 4.7

  • Philippines 4.1

  • UK 3.4

  • Bangladesh 3.3



Remittances

  • Add workers’ remittances and compensation of employees

  • Credits 41.8 + 60.7 = 102.5

  • Debits 45.2 + 54.9 = 100.1

  • Philippines

  • Ignore migrants transfers



Remittances per migrant

  • Annex table 6

  • Outflow per migrant (col 4)broadly consistent across countries

  • Estimate missing countries – Nigeria, Qatar, UAE, Malaysia, Singapore, Canada



Border workers

  • Credits

  • France 7.9

  • Belgium/Lux 3.7

  • Germany 3.4

  • Italy 1.5

  • Total 19.4



Receipts per national abroad

  • Annex table 6 col 6, col 9

  • Again reasonably consistent across countries at similar levels of development and with IMF data



Geographical groupings



Impact on GDP

  • Annex table 6 cols 7 and 10

  • Largest impact Sudan 106.8

  • Philippines 105.9

  • Bangladesh 104.0



Perception



Data



Perception

  • Most remittances go to the third world



Data



Results





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