1- amaliy mashg`ulot 1-mavzu: otning 2- turlanishi


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  1. Amaliy mashg’ulot materiallari

1- AMALIY MASHG`ULOT

1-MAVZU: OTNING 2- TURLANISHI

Otlarning ikkinchi guruhda turlanishiga mas.nom..sing.da - us, -er - ir; va neut.nom.singda.da – um; qo'shimchalari bilan tugagan otlar kiradi. Gen.sing.da ikkala rodda otlar- о qo'shimchasi bilan turlanadi.

Ular lugatlarda quyidagicha beriladi :

mundus, о ,m - tinchlik

hortus, о, m - bog'

lĭber,brо,m - kitob

bellum,о,n - urush


Ikkinchi guruh otlari kelishiklarda quyidagi qo'shimshalar orqali turlanadi: Сasus

Singularis

pluralis

Mas

neut

mas

neut

Nom

ǔs ,er,ir

um

i

г

Gen

о

о

фrum

фrum

Dat

o

o

оs

оs

Acc

um

um

фs

a

Abl

o

o

оs

is

Voc

ĕ

um

о

a

Masculine ‘-us’ bilan tugovchi otlar

These are declined with these endings:



Kelishik

Singularis

pluralis

Nom.

-us

-i

Voc.

-e or -i

-i

Acc.

-um

-os

Gen.

-i

-orum

Dat.

-o

-is

Abl

-o

-is

 Dominus-lord so’ziga qarang

Kelishik

Singularis

pluralis

Nominative

dominus

domini

Vocative

domine

domini

Accusative

dominum

dominos

Genitive

domini

dominorum

Dative

domino

dominis

Ablative

domino

dominis

Masculine otlarining 2-turlanishi bo’yicha misollar:

annus

yil

deus

xudo

filius

O’g’il farzand

Kishilarning nomlarini 2-turlanishi:

Gregorius

Gregory

Henricus

Henry

Stephanus

Stephen

Willelmus

William

Yuqoridagi so’zlar ishtirokida gaplar:

dominus terram legat




terra domini




Deo et ecclesie lego




Henrico confirmo




Willelmus terram Gregorii dat




dominus et domina terram Deo et ecclesie confirmant



Tarqatma materiallar:

1-mashq. So'zlarni to'g'ri talaffuz qiling :

amоcus,

medĭcus,

discipǔlus,

pericǔlum,

bellфrum,

exemplфrum,

locфrum,

linguвum,

poetвrum.

2-mashq. Berilgan so'zlarni gen.plur.dan abl.sing.ga aylantiring: magistrфrum,

latiфrum,

scholвrum,

puerфrum,

copiвrum,

campфrum,

aurфrum,

astrвrum.

Maqol va matallar

1. Qui non laborat - non manducet - Ishlamagan tishlamaydi



2. Ut salыtamus, ita resalыtamus - Salomga yarasha alik olmoq

3. Domus propria - domus optima - O'z uying, o'lan to'shaging
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