Absolute monarchy


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Absolute monarchy

  • Absolute monarchy

  • Constitutional monarchy

  • Parliamentary democracy

  • Presidential democracy

  • Theocracies

  • Dictatorships



Absolute monarchy is an idealized form of government, a monarchy where the ruler has the power to rule their country and citizens freely with no laws or legally-organized direct opposition telling the monarchy what to do.

  • Absolute monarchy is an idealized form of government, a monarchy where the ruler has the power to rule their country and citizens freely with no laws or legally-organized direct opposition telling the monarchy what to do.

  • In order of importance:

  • 1. King

  • 2. People





Get their power through birthright or heredity.

  • Get their power through birthright or heredity.

  • Raised to become head of state.

  • Highly educated and cultured

  • Louis XIV of France was an absolute monarch. (1681-1715)





A constitutional monarchy is a political system in which the head of state is a king or queen ruling to the extent allowed by a constitution.

  • A constitutional monarchy is a political system in which the head of state is a king or queen ruling to the extent allowed by a constitution.

  • In order of importance:

  • 1. The constitution

  • 2. King or Queen

  • 3. People







This political system is based on the idea that Parliament is supreme.

  • This political system is based on the idea that Parliament is supreme.

  • The people choose representatives at regular elections







The U.S.A.

  • The U.S.A.

  • The people elect the president to a 4 year term.

  • Congress is elected separately.

  • All branches of government work together within a system of checks and balances.





It is effective, everyone can be heard. Every voice counts.

  • It is effective, everyone can be heard. Every voice counts.

  • It is ineffective, it takes time to hear all points of views, discuss and vote.



A government by a god or priests.

  • A government by a god or priests.



In the contemporary world, Iran and Afghanistan are considered theocracies because ultimate political authority in each is in the hands of religious leaders and a fundamentalist regime whose purpose is to organize society under religious law.

  • In the contemporary world, Iran and Afghanistan are considered theocracies because ultimate political authority in each is in the hands of religious leaders and a fundamentalist regime whose purpose is to organize society under religious law.



Dictatorship

  • Dictatorship

  • One person, or a small group of people, holds unlimited power

  • Power is maintained by force

  • Most dictators head authoritarian or totalitarian regimes

  • An oligarchy is led by a small group of people

  • Dictatorships can be secular or theocracies



A form of government in which absolute power is concentrated in a dictator.

  • A form of government in which absolute power is concentrated in a dictator.

  • What is a dictator - a ruler who is unconstrained by law and usually rules with terror.

  • A dictator can do what he wants, when he wants to whomever he wants. If you question a dictator’s rule you can be killed.





There can be pros and cons for all forms of government.

  • There can be pros and cons for all forms of government.

  • Try to name one pro and one con for:

  • 1. absolute monarchy

  • 2. constitutional monarchy

  • 3. parliamentary democracy

  • 4. presidential democracy

  • 5. theocracy

  • 6. dictatorship

  • Now let’s rate the forms of government

  • 1=best 6=worse




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