Agriculture Infrastructure Six National Research Centres


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Land Holding Pattern





Agriculture Infrastructure

  • Six National Research Centres

    • Cotton, Orange, Pomegranate, Grape, Onion & Soil Survey
  • Post Harvest Training Centre at Talegaon, Dist-Pune, One of its kind in Country

  • Crop based organisations – MAHA GRAPE, MAHA MANGO, MAHA BANANA, MAHAGRAPE, Pomegranate, Floriculture association, Orange

  • Soil Testing Labs – 118 (29 Public , 89 Private)

  • Residue Testing Labs – 2 Bio- control lab - 10

  • Fertiliser testing labs - 5 Pesticide Testing Labs- 4

  • Seed Testing Labs - 3

  • Agro polyclinic - 231

  • Taluka Seed Farm - 194

  • Horticulture nurseries - 1373













Fertilizer Consumption (2007-08)





Maharashtra’s Response to Agriculture Historical Perspective

  • First State to adopt Dry Land Farming Technology.

  • Pioneer in Horticulture Development through EGS to promote higher income & more employment in farming sector

  • State Seed Corporation – First farmers company in seed sector

  • Pioneers in Co-operative network

    • Sugar factories, Dairies,Water user association.
  • Corporate Horticulture Company

  • Four State Agricultural Universities

  • Very effective & Research based Farmers Organisations



Major Emerging Concerns

  • Un-viable farming

  • Lack of diverification in Crops & Other activities in Vidarbha & Marathwada

  • Land locked areas in Marathwada & Vidarbha

    • Lack of infrastructures, markets, roads, railway rake points, airport
  • Infrastructural Bottle necks

    • Roads, Market facility, irrigation, Tribal area
    • Input dissemination , poor credit, Bank facility








Strategy

  • Bridging Yield Gaps

  • Increasing & improvement in irrigation

    • improving irrigation, coverage of watershed, Massive Farm pond programme & drip irrigation
  • Improvement in Market Infrastructure

    • collaboration with the external agencies
  • Improvement in Communication

    • Roads, ICT & Strengthening the enter relationship by convergence
  • Empowering Farmer through

    • Market & Price discovery
    • Training in skills to earn higher income
    • Preparing for exploiting global opportunities in fruits & vegetables
    • While emphasizin dual approach increase in farmers income food security, will be given equal impotiance.




Strategy

  • Bridging Yield Gaps through

    • Supply of Quality input supply
    • Effective extension
    • Improving agriculture Research & extension interaction
    • Promoting FFS by emphasizing skill transfer to staff as well as farmers
    • Emphasizing Soil Health Programme
  • Diversified farming which includes Horticulture, Dairy & Animal Husbandry and Watershed infrastructure







Konkan

  • Konkan

    • Paddy - Increase area under Hy. Rice, Use of Urea DAP briquettes , Popularising “Chatu-Sutri”-Four point paddy production technology
    • Cashewnut - Area expansion , Productivity enhancement , Promotion of organic cashew
    • Mango - Area expansion under Alphonso , Post harvest management including better transportation of mango, Adoption of GAP
    • Construction of Konkan Jalkund, Check dams, Diversion Bundhara
  • Western Maharashtra & Khandesh

    • Sugarcane - increase productivity & release area for foodgrains and soybean
    • Soybean – increase area & productivity
    • Grapes & Banana – major stress on export
    • Pomegranate - area expansion in DPAP blocks
    • Floriculture & high value vegetables- cultivation under controlled conditions
    • Promote organic fruits & vegetables
    • More emphasis on ICM & IPM for horticultural crops like Pomegranate, Grapes
    • Promote floriculture & Cold chain


Marathwada

  • Marathwada

    • Cotton - Increase the yield & promote Clean & quality cotton
    • Maize - Increase the area for cattle feed & industrial use
    • Oilseeds & pulses - Bridge the yield gaps
    • Promote the cultivation of sweet oranges, mangoes & banana
    • Kharif sorghum - Promote industrial use
    • Discourage the cultivation of sugarcane and divert the area under soybean & gram
    • Promote protective irrigation through the farm ponds, dug wells and other water harvesting structures


VIDARBHA

  • VIDARBHA

  • Paddy- SRI method for increasing productivity

  • Soybean- increase the area & productivity

  • Cotton- promoting Clean & quality cotton through contract farming, reduction in cost of cultivation through INM & IPM

  • Organic cotton & mandarin promotion campaign

  • Pulses – promoting as intercrop in soybean and cotton

  • Mandarin Orange – improving the quality & productivity through improved packages of cultivation and quality planting material

  • Promoting PHM of mandarin orange through better packing , transportation & preservation

  • Promoting Public Private partnership to develop clusters of pulses, vegetables, flowers & fruits for the ultimate market in the urban areas

  • Water harvesting through farm ponds, dug wells, check dams, malgujari tanks & bodis





Seed Infrastructure Facilities

  • MSSCL & NSC is major public sector organisation in seed production and distribution

  • 156 Private seed producers

  • Private & Public sector produces 18 lakh qtls. seed

  • 150 Seed processing Plants

    • Average Capacity – 400 qtls/day
  • 4 SAUS are engaged in Breeder & Foundation seed production.

  • Director, Seed Certification – agency for Seed certification







  • No. Of Villages - 3000

  • Expected Farmers - 150000

  • Area of Seed Production - 30000 Ha.

  • (0.50 Acres per farmer)

  • Total Seed requirement In qtls. - 18825

  • A) 50% Cost of Seed - 3.23Crore

  • B) Training of Farmers -4.50 Crore.

  • C) Storage Bins (25% Subsidy - 3.75 Crores

  • Total Funds required - 11.48 Crore.





Incentivising In-situ Moisture Conservation

  • Treatments Proposed

    • Contour cultivation,
    • Strip cropping, Inter cropping, mix cropping
    • compartment bunding,
    • opening of furrow in standing crop, opening of dead furrow, ridges & tide furrow
    • Mulching
  • Award to Gram panchayat

    • State level-I/II/III - Rs. 10/5/3.00 lakh
    • Regional level -I/II - Rs. 2.50/ 2.00 lakh
    • District level -I/II – Rs 1.50/ 1.00 lakh


Recent Initiatives



Krishi Vigyan Mandal , Farmer Field Scools

  • Krishi Vigyan Mandal , Farmer Field Scools

  • Soil health improvement project

      • Soil Health Cards ( 3.5 lakh), organic matter recycling
  • Efficient use of Water

      • In-situ moisture conservation, micro irrigation ( 5.51 lakh ha.)
  • Crop Planning according to agro climatic conditions Selection of crops suitable to available soil & climate

  • Increasing Seed Replacement rate

  • Seed Village Programme ( 5 lakh Qtls)

  • To increase fertilizer use efficiency

  • Soil testing,Efficiency of Inputs to be used, use of urea briquettes, Ensuring the availability of best inputs .

  • Plant Protection

      • Integrated Pest Management -cost reduction method






ToF & FFS to Promote IPM

  • Since begining * No. of ToF Held - 80, * Total facilitators – 2374





Concept

  • Integrated and Aggressive Extension campaign.

  • Creating awareness among farmers about new farmingTechnologies.

  • Active peoples participation.

  • Awareness about Government schemes and initiatives.

  • Disseminating knowledge and techniques…

      • Soil health.
      • Package of practices of Crops.
      • I.P.M.
      • I.N.M.
      • Improved Agriculture Implements.
      • Organic Farming.
      • Micro Irrigation.
      • Post Harvest Management.
      • Watershed Development.


Salient Features

  • The theme conceptualized and planned at State level involving Field officers.

  • Duration - 1st may 2009 to 31st May 2009.

  • Pre planned route covering Revenue Circle Villages/important Market places of districts.

  • Covering Two villages per day.

  • Five extension personnel from each district identified

  • and trained at Pune and Amravati for delivering technology.

  • Participation of line department like Animal Husbandry, Dairy, Fisheries, , co-opersation, Seri culture, Irrigation etc

  • Major components

      • Krishi Dindi Rath/ Chariot
      • Mobile Agriculture Exhibition.
      • Method demonstrations.
      • Audio & Video shows.
      • Technological power point presentations.
      • Work shops.
      • Interactions with progressive farmers.


Status of Implementation of Schemes











ONION STORAGE STRUCTURE SCHEME UNDER RKVY

  • Total Amount Sanctioned for 08-09 : Rs.15 crores

  • Utilization of Fund - 100 %

  • Total Targeted capacity - 1,00,000 MT

  • Achieved storage capacity - 1,10,789 MT

  • No of Beneficiaries - 4773 Nos

  • Districts covered – Nashik, Ahmednagar, Pune,

  • Dhule, Solapur, Satara, Beed, Aurangabad, Akola





UPGRADATION OF PACS GODOWNS UNDER RKVY

  • Total Amount sanctioned - Rs 20 crores

  • Utilization of Funds – 100 %

  • Total Godowns Identified - 800

  • Godowns Rejuvenated – 772 Nos.



National Food Security Mission

  • Rice - 6 districts

  • Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Gondia, Nasik, Pune

  • Wheat - 8 Districts

  • Ahmednagar, Aurangabad, Dhule, Nagpur, Nasik, Parbhani, Pune, Solapur

  • Pulses - 18 Districts

  • Ahmednagar, Akola, Amravati, Aurangabad, Buldhana, Chandrapur, Hingoli, Jalgaon, Jalana, Latur, Nagpur, Nanded, Nasik, Osmanabad, Parbhani, Wardha, Wasim, Yavatmal



Area, Production & Productivity



Progress Report up to March - 2009







Total area under fruit crops : 16.64 lakh ha.

  • Total area under fruit crops : 16.64 lakh ha.

  • Area under Vegetable Crops : 4.77 lakh ha.

  • Area under Spices crops : 2.10 lakh ha.

  • Area under floriculture : 0.16 lakh ha.

  • Area under Protected Floriculture : 375 ha.

  • One Floriculture park.

  • One Mega Food Park and Three Food parks.

  • Two Wine Parks - 54 wineries

  • One Vapour Heat Treatment Plant

  • One Eradiation Plant

  • Four PEQ facility centres

  • 136 Government, 42 SAUs, 1195 private registered nurseries.

  • 4 Residue Testing Labs accredited by APEDA

  • 130 Integrated Pack Houses accredited by APEDA.

  • 7 Phyto-sanitary Certification Authorities for Export





Agri Export Zones :8

  • Agri Export Zones :8

    • Mango (Alphonso), Mango (Keshar), Grapes, Mandarin Orange, Pomegranate, Banana, Onion and Flowers
  • Additional Crop Clusters : 5

    • Cashew, Sapota, Sweet Orange, Fig and Custard Apple




Vision statements and road maps are being prepared for 8 major horticulture crops

  • Vision statements and road maps are being prepared for 8 major horticulture crops

    • Mango, Cashew, Pomegranate, Mandarin orange, Sweet Orange, Grapes, Banana and Onion.
    • Crop-wise steering groups constituted
    • The reports will be ready in a month’s time
  • Comprehensive District Agriculture Plans are in final stages of preparation

  • Cluster-wise infrastructure mapping is being completed as a part of the C-DAP



Mandarin Orange & Sweet Orange

  • Mandarin Orange & Sweet Orange

    • Introduction of new varieties and root stocks.
    • DNA Finger Printing of Mother Block and Root Stock.
    • Developing international Standard Nursery infrastructure.


Crop productivity enhancement.

  • Crop productivity enhancement.

  • Productivity of farm family will form the basis for horticulture development.

  • Formation of groups of farmers for adoption of GAP protocol and their networking.

  • Market-linked organic farming.

  • Supply chain infrastructure - Convergence of schemes of APEDA (AEZ), NHM, RKVY, NMPB and MSAMB (Marketing Board)

  • Formation of SHGs of growers for post harvest handling, marketing and primary processing.

  • Agri-business centers through SHGs.

  • Protected cultivation and peri-urban vegetable production.







IMPLEMENTATION OF AGRICULTURAL MARKETING REFORMS

  • Direct marketing- 72 Licensees issued

  • Private markets- 07 approvals given

  • Farmer-Consumer Markets- 33 locations

  • Contract farming- 1 lakh Ha under various crops

  • Single License System - 09 private players

  • Special Commodity Markets-20 Festivals organised



DISTRICT AGRICULTURAL MARKETING STRUCTURE (DAMS)

  • DAMS - For strengthening agriculture marketing system, for creating storage & processing infrastructural facilities and for better market price to farmers

  • The total outlay for all the districts for next 3 years – Rs 1018 Crs.

  • Financial Assistance - Expected from various schemes of Central & State Govt. such as RKVY, NHM, DMI, APEDA, NHB, NABARD, NCDC, MOFP

  • Activities included in DAMS-

    • Pledge Loan Scheme
    • Fruit Festival Scheme
    • Rural Godown Scheme
    • Onion storage structure scheme
    • Onion transport /Ship transport freight subsidy scheme for exports
    • Setting up of Cold Storage and other related infrastructural projects
    • MARKNET / market information Project
    • Farmers Market


INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPEMT FOR EXPORTS AND DOMESTIC MARKETING

  • MSAMB as Nodal Agency for Agri Export Zone

  • Established six Export Facility Centers with financial help of APEDA

  • Facilities include Pre-cooling, Cold storage, Pack House, Material Handling Line, Ripening chambers

  • Banana - 2 Nos

  • Pomegranate - 1 No

  • Keshar Mango - 1 No

  • Orange - 1 No

  • Fruits & Veg. - 1 No

  • Total Investment – Rs. 25 crores

  • Exports done from facilities – 5000 MT



















































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