Ann has lost her passport – Anna pasportini yo’qotdi


Download 37.13 Kb.
bet1/4
Sana24.11.2021
Hajmi37.13 Kb.
#463430
  1   2   3   4
Bog'liq
Present perfect
2 5206530300204551288, Маъруза матни (2), Present perfect, taqdimot-davomi-2, m.i.2-davomi, resources, Chervyakli reduktorni loyihalash(2), poeziya xususiyatlari

English Story and Quotes (@inglizenglish) 2 августа, 2020

Present perfect

  1. Present Perfect yasash uchun biz have va has yordamchi fe’lidan so’ng to’g’ri fe’lga ed qo’shamiz noto’g’ri felning 3 shaklini(Past Participle) ishlatamiz. He, she it ga biz has ishlatamiz

Ega+have/has+P.P: Ann has lost her passport – Anna pasportini yo’qotdi

Esda saqlang: noto’g’ri fellarning P.P ya’ni 3 shakli

fe’lning oddiy shakli

simple past(o’tgan zamon shakli)

past participle(fe’lning 3 shakli)

go

went

gone

break

broke

broken

see

saw

seen

  1. Present Perfectning bo‘lishsiz shakli have yoki has yordamchi fe’lidan keyin not inkor yuklamasini qo‘yish bilan yasaladi:

Ega +have/has+not+P.P: Ann has not lost her passport – Anna pasportini yo’qotmadi

  1. Present Perfectning so’roq shaklini have va has yordamchi fe’lini egadan oldinga qo’yish orqali yasaymiz

Have/has+ ega+P.P: Has Ann lost her passport? – Anna pasportini yo’qotdimi?

Present Perfectni ishlatilishi

  1. Hozirgi tugallangan zamon (Present Perfect) o’tgan zamonda bajarib tugatilgan va natijasi hozirgi zamonda ko’rinib turgan ish-harakatga nisbatan ishlatiladi.

  • I have bought a new house – Men yangi uy sotib oldim (Sotib olganlish ish-harakatim tugab bo’ldi, ammo uning natijasi – menda yangi uyning borligi vaqti hali tugagani yo’q, menda hali ham o’sha uy bor!).

  • I have broken my pencil. – Men qalamimni sindirib qo’ydim(sindirish jarayoni allaqachon tugadi, lekin uning natijasi qalamni singani hozir ham mavjuda qalam hozir ham siniq.)

  • He has cleaned his room – U xonasini tozaladi (Tozalash jarayoni, ish-harakati allaqachon nihoyasiga yetib bo’ldi, ammo uning natijasida kelib chiqqan xonaning tozaligi hozirda ham mavjud. Uning xonasi hozir ham toza).

Izoh: Tepada ko’rgan misollarizda ish-harakat tugagan masalan yangi uy sotib olish tugadi. Siz sotib olib bo’ldingiz ammo o’sha ish-harakatni sodir qilgan natijasi tugamadi va hozirda ko’rnib turibdi. Uy sotib oldim deb Hozirgi tugallangan zamonda aytsangiz biz nimani tushunamiz: Biz hozirda sizda yangi uy borligini bilib olamiz. Hozirgi tugallangan zamonda ish-harakat tugagan lekin natijasi hozirda ko’rnib turadi. Pastdagi misollarga e’tibor bering:

  • I have cleaned my shoes – Men oyoq kiyimlarimni tozaladim (natijada ular hozir toza).


  • Download 37.13 Kb.

    Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:
  1   2   3   4




Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2022
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling