Aren’t you worshipping Idols?


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Aren’t you worshipping Idols?

  • Aren’t you worshipping Idols?

  • Why do they look so Weird?

  • What good are they?



It is the Service the Church prescribes as proper & most appropriate

  • It is the Service the Church prescribes as proper & most appropriate

  • the best prayer the Church can offer

    • for the Salvation of the person reposed.
  • the best spiritual and psychological Comfort & Consolation the Church can offer

    • those who mourn.
  • the best Service for the proclamation of the Holy Gospel of our Lord and Saviour Jesus the Christ and his power to save

    • Evangelisation of the congregation!!


The Church refers to the person whom we mourn as Reposed”

  • The Church refers to the person whom we mourn as Reposed”

  • meaning “asleep in the Lord –

  • awaiting Resurrection from the dead”.

  • The Bible says: all who have been baptized into Christ

  • i.e.: those who have committed their whole their lives to the Lord

  • are not “dead”

  • but have only “Fallen Asleep” in the Lord,

  • to be “awakened” (i.e. Resurrected) by Him on the Last Day.



The word = a Wake (night vigil service)

  • The word = a Wake (night vigil service)

    • Not so any more
    • Though for Funerals (cf. Christ’s during Great Week)
    • There remains the tradition of doing a proper Vigil with the Body
      • reading the Psalms throughout the night
      • Reading the Gospels (if a Priest)
  • An abbreviation of the Funeral Service:

  • “The Order of Burial”

  • The Funeral Service is opined by Theologians as probably a Sacrament

    • Thought undefined as such as yet
  • Served during 6 x during the Great Fast & Paschal Season

    • Due to the Themes of Death and Resurrection
    • Not only the Christ’s
    • But of course OURS, who have been baptised into His Death/Res.
    • Saint John Chrysostom beautifully observes:
    • “The Jews of the Old Testament wept for Jacob and for Moses for 40 days


Psalm 90

  • Psalm 90

  • Great Litany for the Reposed

  • Tropars:

    • The Reposed has place their hope in God
  • Psalm 118 in three Stations

    • Concludes with the Evlogitaria
      • Adapted for the Memorial


Irmologion Topar

  • Irmologion Topar

    • Give Rest with the Saints to your servant
    • Establish them in your Courts
    • Disregard their Transgressions
    • O Philanthropos


Psalm 50: penitential psalm

  • Psalm 50: penitential psalm

  • Canon of Teofan

    • Irmos (opening hymn)
    • 4 tropars
    • Katavasia (closing hymn)
  • Hymn to the Theotokos

  • The Panakhyda



the verbal icon of the righteous man who has total trust in God and total devotion and love for his Divine Law

  • the verbal icon of the righteous man who has total trust in God and total devotion and love for his Divine Law

  • —the verbal icon of Jesus Christ —

  • is chanted over the Reposed,

  • with its praises and supplications for life in God.

  • It is this same psalm which is chanted over the tomb of Christ on Great Friday.



My soul cleaves to the dust, give me life according to Thy word. (119:25)

  • My soul cleaves to the dust, give me life according to Thy word. (119:25)

  • Turn my eyes from looking at vanities; and give me life in Thy ways. (119:37)

  • Behold, I long for Thy precepts; in Thy righteousness give me life. (119:40)

  • Thy testimonies are righteousness forever; give me understanding that I may live. (119:144)

  • Plead my cause, and redeem me; give me life according to Thy promise. (119:154)



Byzantine Funerals & Memorials fly in the face of N. American culture

  • Byzantine Funerals & Memorials fly in the face of N. American culture

  • Popular:

    • Celebrations (not mourning)
    • Celebration of Life (not mourning the dead)
  • Byzantine Memorials seem shockingly Morbid and Harsh

  • Popular culture is pagan

  • Cannot deal with death

  • Therefore its popular mythology is one of denial

  • So much so, there is some pretense there is no funeral (cover the dirt, not lower the coffin, etc.)



Byzantine Memorials help not just the Reposed but also the bereaved:

  • Byzantine Memorials help not just the Reposed but also the bereaved:

  • By Psychologically & Spiritually

  • Helping them to actually Mourn

  • All Fears & Emotions are expressed

  • All Voices are heard:

    • Mourners & Bereaved: grief, loss, and sorrow
    • The Reposed: fears, dread, existential angst, prayers for Salvation
    • God’s
  • All prayers and hopes are expressed

  • & God’s Response to our darknesses and hopes are Proclaimed

    • In His mercy, love, and promise of Resurrection into the Kingdom
  • Thus we are consoled



Aren’t you worshipping Idols?

  • Aren’t you worshipping Idols?

  • Why do they look so Weird?

  • What good are they?



Aren’t you worshipping Idols?

  • Aren’t you worshipping Idols?

  • Why do they look so Weird?

  • What good are they?



“Grant them Memory Eternal”,

  • “Grant them Memory Eternal”,

  • not praying that we don’t forget the deceased or that they be remembered infinitely

  • 1:

  • It is from Eternity that God’s remembrance of the departed keeps them existent and in peaceful repose in “paradise” in Hades

  • --until the Resurrection

  • 2: Bishop Hlib of London explains:

  • the prayer originates in Christ's Crucifixion.

  • The Good Thief prayed to Jesus:

  • "Lord, Remember me in Your Kingdom."

  • The Christ responded:

  • "Today you shall be with me in Paradise!"

  • This prayer asks Christ to “remember” our Reposed from God's Eternity (i.e. to resurrect them into God’s eternal Kingdom).

  • If the Messiah "Remembers" us at death, we “shall be with Christ in Paradise”.









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