Central Plains Region 3 Subregions


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Central Plains Region

3 Subregions

The Grand Prairie

  • Covered by grasses, shrubs, and small trees
  • Grasslands are suitable for raising cattle, goats, hogs, poultry, and sheep
  • This area has an agricultural economy but the thin soil limits crop production. Corn, oats, sorghum, and hay are grown as animal feed.

The Grand Prairie

  • Fort Worth is by far the largest city in the Grand Prairie and is also the largest city in the Texas Central Plains.
  • The city plays a vital role in the subregions economy.
  • With come of the busiest railyards in the nation.

The Grand Prairie

  • Fort Worth is a transportation center, or place where goods arrive to be shipped to many destinations.
  • The city is also an major processing center for livestock and farm products.
  • Fort Worth specializes in the manufacture of airplanes, electronics equipment and helicopters.

The Cross Timbers

  • Two belts of forestland made up the Cross Timbers: The Eastern Cross Timbers and the Western Cross Timbers.
  • The Western Cross Timbers lies west of the Grand Prairie.
  • The Eastern Cross Timbers is smaller (15 miles across) and located between the Grand Prairie and the Blackland Prairie

The Cross Timbers

  • When farmers moved into the region, the cut down many trees.
  • Some of the native forest vegetation can still be found, however.
  • The Eastern Cross Timbers contains some elms, hickories, and post oaks.

The Cross Timbers

  • Blackjack oak, cedar hickory, mesquite, pecan and post oak trees all grow in the drier Western Cross Timbers.
  • The sandy soil of the Cross Timbers absorbs water well, making it particularly good for farming.

The Cross Timbers

  • Farmers grow crops ranging from peanuts to corn, cotton and hay.
  • Ranchers raise cattle, horses and sheep there.
  • Since 1917, the subregion has also provided Texas with energy resources such as oil and natural gas.

The Cross Timbers

  • The Eastern Cross Timbers cuts the Metroplex in half, running between Dallas and Fort Worth.
  • Cities such as Denton have manufacturing plants.
  • While the Western Cross Timbers has no large cities, its towns include Brownwood, Mineral Wells and Weatherford.

The Rolling Plains

  • Located in the westernmost part of the Central Plains.
  • Prairie grasses cover most of its hilly terrain
  • The thin soil of the subregion also supports some brush , hardwood trees and mesquite trees.

The Rolling Plains

  • The Rolling Plains subregion is particularly well suited for cattle ranching.
  • Steep valleys provide shelter for cattle, while grasslands and their rivers provide them with food and water. In areas with poorer vegetation, ranches raise goats and sheep.

The Rolling Plains

  • When there is good farmland, farmers grow cotton, sorghum, and wheat.
  • The Rolling plains are also a source of oil and natural gas.

The Rolling Plains

  • The population of the Rolling Plains is much smaller than that of subregions in eastern Texas.
  • Abilene and Wichita Falls are its largest cities.
  • Both cities have meat and dairy processing facilities and serve as distribution centers for this subregion.
  • Small market towns are also scattered throughout the ares.


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