Chapter 11 The us presidents George Bush


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Chapter 11 The US Presidents

  • George Bush (1988--1992)
  • Bill Clinton (1993--2001)
  • George W. Bush (2001--)

Warm-up

  • How many US presidents can you name? And which one do you admire most?
  • How do you evaluate the policies of Bush administration?

George Herbert Walker Bush (1988-92)

George H. W. Bush

  • At Yale University he excelled both in sports and in his studies; he was captain of the baseball team.
  • After graduation Bush embarked on a career in the oil industry of West Texas.
  • In 1980 Bush campaigned for the Republican nomination for President. He lost, but was chosen as a running mate by Ronald Reagan. (vice-president)

Bush's greatest test came when Iraqi President Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, then threatened to move into Saudi Arabia.

  • Bush's greatest test came when Iraqi President Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, then threatened to move into Saudi Arabia.
  • Vowing to free Kuwait, Bush rallied the United Nations, the U. S. people, and Congress and sent 425,000 American troops.
  • They were joined by 118,000 troops from allied nations.

In 1990 he ordered Operation Desert Storm to punish Iraq.

  • In 1990 he ordered Operation Desert Storm to punish Iraq.
  • The US navy blocked all oil exports from Iraq and all imports except food. (serious violation of human rights)
  • After weeks of air and missile bombardment, the 100-hour land battle defeated Iraqi troops.
  • Domestically, economic recession and high level of unemployment.
  • All this made him lose to Bill Clinton in the general election in 1992.

Bill Clinton (1993--2001)

  • Born in Arkansas,1946.
  • Educational background:
  • Georgetown Uni.(1968), Oxford Uni.(1968-1970), Yale Law School (1973).
  • His political party___
  • In 1978, at the age of 32, he became the youngest governor in the nation and elected president in 1993.

His main domestic policies:

  • Promoting scientific and technological progress in order to bring essential changes to the economic structure;
  • (Info. Exway)
  • Converting military expenditures to domestic purposes;
  • (Medicare, education, public facilities, etc.)

Creating jobs for welfare recipients;

  • Creating jobs for welfare recipients;
  • Carrying out tax reforms that shifted the burden to the rich;
  • Trying to offer equal educational opportunities;
  • Protecting gay rights;
  • Reducing racial discrimination……

He could point to the lowest unemployment rate in modern times, the lowest inflation in 30 years, the highest home ownership in the country's history, dropping crime rates in many places.

  • He could point to the lowest unemployment rate in modern times, the lowest inflation in 30 years, the highest home ownership in the country's history, dropping crime rates in many places.
  • The US enjoyed an economic growth for 9 consecutive years; which set a record for the longest growth period after WWII.
  • “Bill is a nice decision-maker, as a man; a nice policy-maker, as a president.”

Love affair with a White House Intern

  • Monica Lewinsky
  • Clinton was the second U.S. president to be impeached by the House of Representatives.
  • He was tried in the Senate and found not guilty of the charges brought against him.
  • He apologized to the nation for his actions and continued to have unprecedented popular approval ratings for his job as president.

CNN (Cable News Network) Comments

  • “As further charges about Clinton’s sexual affair and impeachment proceedings came, First Lady Hillary endured the scandal and again stood by her man, although from several steps away. ”
  • “Although his fame was spoiled by his love affair with Lewinsky, American people generally thought that Bill performed well as President.”

George W. Bush (2001--)

  • Born in Connecticut in 1946 and grew up in Texas.
  • EB: BA in History from Yale
  • Uni (1968), MBA from
  • Harvard Business School
  • (1975).
  • He was elected Governor
  • of Texas in 1994 and
  • president in 2001.

His administration is really eventful!!

  • 9/11 & anti-terrorist war
  • Afghanistan War
  • Iraq War
  • Mistreatment of Iraqi criminals
  • Tough negotiations with Iran over nuclear issues
  • Deficit financing
  • Unpopularity among war protestants

Anti-war protests

Documentary video (September 11th)

  • Documentary video (September 11th)
  • Bush’s speech at Tsinghua University
  • Anniversary / peaceful settlement / reunification / amazing transformations / 100% agreement / violence on campus / juvenile delinquency / crime rate / definition of freedom /

Assignment

  • Give a 10-minute presentation based on the following topic:
  • What is the relationship between war and peace?


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