Christianity appeared as a monotheistic religion in Roman Empire and in 4rd century became a state religion


Download 445 b.
Sana21.08.2018
Hajmi445 b.



500 AD-1500 AD

  • 500 AD-1500 AD

  • Christianity appeared as a monotheistic religion in Roman Empire and in 4rd century became a state religion.





Jewish

  • Jewish

  • Christian

  • Muslim







Caring for the sick people began as a charity in the early Christian world and nuns began to care for the sick in medieval ages. Medicinal plants exist in herb gardens in the monasteries. They were called hortuli.

  • Caring for the sick people began as a charity in the early Christian world and nuns began to care for the sick in medieval ages. Medicinal plants exist in herb gardens in the monasteries. They were called hortuli.

  • Early hospitals: After 335 AD.

  • 1145 Montpellier–Holy Ghost Hospital





St Helena hospital (330 AD) Rome

  • St Helena hospital (330 AD) Rome

  • Fabiola (343-420 AD) The first Christian community hospital





Schools of medicine in the Middle Ages Italy (9th century)

  • Schools of medicine in the Middle Ages Italy (9th century)

    • Milano
    • Salerno
    • Padova
    • Bologna
    • Napoli
    • Montpellier (France)
    • While religion was very influential at first on these schools,
    • its influence started to decrease in time and in 1130 practice
    • of medicine was prohibited for clergymen.


There are important differences between the status of priests and Physician

  • There are important differences between the status of priests and Physician

  • Saint Benedict











Luca

  • Luca

  • Pantaleon

  • Cosmas & Damian







  • Christ performed some miraculous healings, and this is depicted in the iconography of western art. It was believed that cure of the disease was only possible through praying. So patients expected miraculous healings from Christ. In the Christian west in middle ages, they emphasized the salvation of the soul rather than the body.

  • People believed that Saints had an ability to heal patients and they expected health from different Saints. People who had toothache had to pray Saint Apolanaire, St. Antony was responsibly for curing fevers, St. Roch for plague etc.











Evil could be everywhere and could challenge human beings. Psychiatric patients were believed to be in cooperation with evil and they were burned in public in town centers. Sometimes priests tried to take devil from their body. This called was exorcism and in fact, they applied serious torture procedures to those poor patients.

  • Evil could be everywhere and could challenge human beings. Psychiatric patients were believed to be in cooperation with evil and they were burned in public in town centers. Sometimes priests tried to take devil from their body. This called was exorcism and in fact, they applied serious torture procedures to those poor patients.







Monasticism

  • Monasticism

  • Monasticism was a part of the Middle Age culture. Following the hermitic tradition of separation from worldly society, monks lived in monasteries.







Diseases prevalent

  • Diseases prevalent

  • Through the Middle Ages leprosy and plague were important diseases. Leprosy people were stigmatized in western world and separated from the society. In fact, a variety of skin diseases were also identified as leprosy. Epidemics of typhus, smallpox, and other diseases spread with crusaders through the continent. Plague was the most horrible disease and was called as Black Death. Especially plague epidemics influenced societies so deeply. Many people died with this epidemic and those scenes were described place in the Western art later on.





Soru 1:

  • Soru 1:

  • Ortaçağ döneminde İtalya’da bulunan üç ünlü tıp okulu hangileriydi?

  • Cevap 1: Milano, Salerno, Padova

  • Soru 2:

  • Orataçağ döneminde dünyada özellikle etkili olan hastalıklar nelerdi?

  • Cevap 2: Veba, lepra, çiçek, tifüs



A. Selim ATAY, İnönü Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, translation

  • A. Selim ATAY, İnönü Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, translation

  • Tolga GÜVEN, Marmara Üniversitesi Tıp Tarihi ve Etik AD ders notları

  • Ali Haydar BAYAT, Tıp Tarihi

  • Emine ATABEK, Şefik GÖRKEY, Başlangıcından Rönesansa Kadar Tıp Tarihi

  • Çağlar Boyu Tıp, Roche Yayınları

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page




Download 445 b.

Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:




Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2020
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling