Deaths from smoking in Belgium


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  • in Belgium

Deaths from smoking in Belgium

  • Particular emphasis is given to the number of deaths in middle age (defined as ages 35 to 69)
  • Available on www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • • This presentation provides estimates of the number of deaths caused by smoking in Belgium

Source of data: “Mortality from Smoking in Developed Countries, 1950–2000”

  • Uses WHO mortality data for lung cancer and for other diseases, and UN population data
  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • • Updated edition of a 1994 book, authored by an international team of scientists:
  • – Richard Peto, Professor of Medical Statistics, University of Oxford
  • – Alan Lopez, Professor of Medical Statistics, University of Queensland
  • – Jillian Boreham, Senior Research Fellow, University of Oxford
  • – Michael Thun, Chief of Epidemiology, American Cancer Society

Deaths from smoking, 1950 to 2000

  • About half (443,000) of them were still in middle age when they died
  • This was about one in four of all the deaths in middle age during this period (443,000 out of the 1.8 million deaths at ages 35-69)
  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • Belgium
  • • About 813,000 people died from smoking during this 50-year period in Belgium

Annual deaths from smoking

  • About 7,000 die in middle age from smoking
  • Many of those killed in middle age would have lived on for 10, 20, 30 or more good years
  • About 22 years of life are lost, on average, by those killed in middle age by smoking
  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • Belgium, year 2000
  • • Smoking kills about 19,000 people a year in Belgium

Smoking causes about three times as many deaths as all non-medical causes put together

  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • Belgium, year 2000
  • 6,301* non-medical
  • Murder / assault Falls
  • Suicide Drowning
  • Road accidents Poisoning
  • Plane crashes Fires
  • Train crashes Floods / storms
  • Accidents at work Other natural disasters
  • Accidents at home Other accidents
  • *in year 2000
  • 19,000 smoking

Smoking kills 19,000 people a year, from many different diseases

  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • Belgium, year 2000
  • *includes 6,000 (88%) of the 6,801 lung cancer deaths
  • 9,000 cancer*
  • 4,000 vascular
  • (heart disease,
  • stroke and other diseases of the arteries and veins)
  • 2,000 other

About one in three of all cancer deaths is due to smoking

  • 28,000 total cancer deaths
  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • Belgium, year 2000
  • 9,000 (32%) from smoking
  • 16,000 male
  • 8,000 (50%)
  • from smoking
  • 12,000
  • female
  • 1,000 (8%) from smoking

Male deaths in middle age from smoking

  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • • The main pattern of increase and, eventually, decrease in premature deaths from smoking is at a more advanced stage among men than among women

About one in three of all deaths in middle-aged men is due to smoking*

  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • Belgium, year 2000
  • *6,500 (38%) of the 17,000 deaths at ages 35-69

Of 100 men aged 35 years …

  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • Belgium, year 2000
  • *risks at year 2000 death rates for ages 35-69
  • • 26 die in middle age*
  • 26%
  • • 10 of these 26 deaths are from smoking
  • 10

Male death in middle age: changing hazards*

  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • Belgium, 1955-2000
  • *risks at period-specific death rates for ages 35-69
  • 1955
  • 1960
  • 1965
  • 1970
  • 1975
  • 1980
  • 1985
  • 1990
  • 1995
  • 2000
  • All causes
  • 41%
  • 42%
  • 42%
  • 42%
  • 40%
  • 37%
  • 35%
  • 30%
  • 29%
  • 26%
  • 10
  • Smoking
  • 13
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 16
  • 15
  • 12
  • 12
  • 10

Summary for the whole population

  • Smoking kills about 19,000 men and women every year
  • About 7,000 die in middle age from smoking
  • Smoking causes about three times as many deaths as all non-medical causes put together
  • About one in three of all cancer deaths is due to smoking
  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • Belgium, year 2000
  • In Belgium:

Messages for the individual smoker

  • Those killed in middle age lose many years
  • Stopping smoking works
    • Even in early middle age, those who stop (before they have lung cancer or some other fatal disease) avoid most of their risk of being killed by tobacco
    • Stopping before middle age works even better
  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • Deaths from smoking: an electronic resource
  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net
  • Published by
  • International Union Against Cancer (UICC), Geneva: Switzerland, 2006
  • Funded by
  • Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), University of Oxford
  • International Union Against Cancer (UICC)
  • Fogarty International Center, US NIH
  • UK Medical Research Council
  • Cancer Research UK
  • Project team Richard Peto, Judith Watt, Jillian Boreham
  • Project management Sinéad Jones
  • Advice and support Steve Woodward, Konrad Jamrozik, Lesley Walker, Trish Cotter
  • Design bwa-design.co.uk

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