Documenting Sources Defining & preventing plagiarism


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Documenting Sources


Plagiarism:

  • “presenting as your own the ideas, opinions or work of others whether copied from source material, purchased, or otherwise obtained without giving proper credit through documentation.”

  • FHS Academic Policy on Plagiarism and Obtaining an Unfair Advantage, 2007-2008 Handbook



Confused?



If you have…

  • Copied words, art or music from the internet and then…publicly claimed it as your own…

  • Cut and pasted from a web page or email to a lab report, homework assignment, poster, or other project

  • Reproduced by hand artwork from a magazine, newspaper, internet or other source which you hand in for credit

  • Signed your name to someone else’s work – including a paper purchased online or from a friend

  • YOU’VE PLAGIARIZED!



And possibly broken copyright law



Recent Example

  • According to an article in The New York Times on April 12th, 2007

  • CBS fired a producer who wrote an article for “Katie Couric’s Notebook” after concluding that it was basically identical to an article in “The Wall Street Journal” from the previous month.



To Avoid Plagiarism

  • Do your own work!

  • Take accurate notes, always keeping track of your sources

  • Use direct quotes when needed

  • Paraphrase carefully

  • Include an accurate works cited or bibliography page with every assignment



What is a direct quote?

  • “Several influential Hollywood stars and musicians -- from BEN AFFLECK and ELLEN POMPEO to CHRIS DAUGHTRY and GWYNETH PALTROW -- have joined forces with ONE.org and socially conscious fashion label EDUN to help in the fight against global AIDS and extreme poverty in Africa”

  • (“Stars Come Together As One”).



What is a paraphrase?



Let’s practice!

  • “Several influential Hollywood stars and musicians -- from BEN AFFLECK and ELLEN POMPEO to CHRIS DAUGHTRY and GWYNETH PALTROW -- have joined forces with ONE.org and socially conscious fashion label EDUN to help in the fight against global AIDS and extreme poverty in Africa.”

  • What are the key words?

  • Hollywood stars

  • One.org

  • Edun

  • Fight Aids

  • Poverty in Africa



One Possible Paraphrase

  • Reducing AIDS around the world and poverty in Africa are challenging goals. However, One.org and EDUN are now getting help from several celebrities who have joined their fight



Is it Plagiarism?

  • You read:

  • “Nineteen percent of full-time freshmen say they spend only 1 to 5 hours per week preparing for classes…”

  • From: Young, Jeffrey R. Homework? What Homework? Chronicle of Higher Education, 49 (15).12/6/2002.



Is it Plagiarism?

  • You read:

  • "Students are studying about one-third as much as faculty say they ought to, to do well," said George D. Kuh, director of the survey and a professor of higher education at Indiana University at Bloomington.

  • From: Young, Jeffrey R. Homework? What Homework? Chronicle of Higher Education, 49 (15).12/6/2002



Is it Plagiarism?

  • You read:

  • "Students are studying about one-third as much as faculty say they ought to, to do well," said George D. Kuh, director of the survey and a professor of higher education at Indiana University at Bloomington.

  • From: Young, Jeffrey R. Homework? What Homework? Chronicle of Higher Education, 49 (15).12/6/2002



Is it Plagiarism?

  • You read:

  • “The tip given most consistently by professors and college officials is that students should simply do their homework. The most commonly prescribed amount is at least two hours of class preparation for every hour spent in the classroom…”

  • From: Young, Jeffrey R. Homework? What Homework? Chronicle of Higher Education, 49 (15).12/6/2002



Is it Plagiarism?



Is it Plagiarism?



Works Cited

  • Briggs, Brian. "BBspot." BBspot. 2007. 11 Oct 2007 . confused face

  • Meyering, Ken. "bighappyfaces.com." http://bighappyfaces.com/happy-face. 11 Oct 2007 .

  • "Stars Come Together As 'One'." ETonline.com. 2007. CBS Studios Inc.. 11 Oct 2007 .

  • Valenza, Joyce. Power Tools Recharged. Chicago: American Library Association, 2004. “Real Life Consequences”




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