Dr. Howard Wray California State University, Long Beach

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A Demographic Profile of California: The Challenge to Equity and TRIO Professionals A Case Study

  • Dr. Howard Wray

  • California State University, Long Beach

  • COE Annual Conference

  • September 2005

Factors Affecting College Enrollment of Underrepresented Students at CSULB

  • Significant increases in underrepresented groups in the California and LA county

  • Shifts in population areas

  • Gaps in educational opportunities between underrepresented and represented groups


California’s Diversity

  • 2000 Population

    • 47% White
    • 33% Hispanic/Latino
    • 11% Asian/Pacific Islander
    • 7% African American
    • 3% Other
    • 5% Multi-Racial (not included in total)
  • Increasingly multi-ethnic

  • Multi-racial/ethnic births is the third largest category in California (17%) following Latinos (42%) and White (20%)

Racial/Ethnic Composition of California Newborns, 1997

Students Enrolled in California K-12 Public Schools, 2002-03

California K-12 Percentage of English Learners

Poverty in California

  • In 1970, 1.9 million people were poor in California. By 2000, the number of poor had more than doubled to 4.37 million.

  • Since 2000, poverty rates in California continue to increase and remain higher than the rest of the nation.

Poverty Rates Adjusted by Housing Costs, California and the Rest of the Nation, 1996-2003

Child Well-Being

Regional Poverty Rates in California, 2000

  • Educational Opportunity in California

Of Every 100 White Kindergartners in CA:

Of Every 100 Asian Kindergartners in CA:

Of Every 100 African American Kindergartners in CA:

Of Every 100 Latino Kindergartners in CA:

  • California ranks 50th among all states in the drop-off between the share of Latinos and African Americans in the 18-year-old population and the share of undergraduate degrees awarded to students in those ethnic groups.

California Public High School Graduates Completing All Courses Required for UC and/or CSU Entrance

Los Angeles/Orange County Public High School Graduates Completing All Courses Required for UC and/or CSU Entrance

Tidal Wave II: CSU Enrollment Projections 37% increase by 2010

Falling Short: If current trends continue, California’s workforce in 2020 may require more highly educated workers than the state can provide.


  • The best-educated Californians will be amongst the oldest, as baby boomers head to retirement.

  • The greatest growth in the state will be among Latinos, who tend to be concentrated at younger ages and tend to have low levels of educational attainment.

California State University, Long Beach

Competitive Admissions

  • Started in 2002 to decrease enrollment by establishing higher admission criteria than the CSU index.

TRIO Concerns

  • What impact would competitive admissions have on:

    • Low-income students
    • First-generation college students
    • Underrepresented students

6-Year Graduation Rates

  • SSS Eligible Students 26%

  • CSULB 44%

  • SSS Participants 55%

TRIO and Equity Request

  • Representation on the Presidential Advisory Group

  • Inform schools, students, parents, and boarder community regarding policy changes

  • Admit target school students using the local CSU index

  • Establish Alternative Admissions criteria

Alternate Admissions

  • Started in 2003

  • Designed to provide admission consideration to CSU eligible applicants based on economic or educational disadvantage.

  • Target schools from the extended area.

Preliminary Results

  • Decrease in FTF

  • Admitted Alternative Admission Students

  • Increase in Latino Enrollment

  • Increase in Low-income students

  • Increase in First-generation college students

  • Decrease in African American Enrollment

CSULB First-Time Freshmen Enrollments

Alternative Admissions

  • Fall 2003

  • Admitted 175 Enrolled 75

  • Fall 2004

  • Admitted 175 Enrolled 119

  • Fall 2005

  • Admitted 175 Enrolled (No Data)

Latino Enrollment CSULB

  • 2000 21.2%

  • 2001 21.8%

  • 2002 21.0%Competitive Admissions

  • 2003 22.3%

  • 2004 23.1%

African American Enrollment CSULB

Affirming Equity and Opportunity at CSULB

  • Affirming the importance of access and opportunity

  • Reaffirming an equity agenda

  • Affirming our role as advocates and change agents

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