Eu policy objectives and European research on Smart Grids European Commission, dg research


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  • European Commission, DG Research
  • Henrik Dam
  • Research Programme Officer
  • ADDRESS international workshop - Paris 9th June 2010

Key targets

  • 20 20 20
  • Sustainability:
    • 20% of renewable energy in the EU's overall mix Translates into 30-35% of electricity from Renewables
  • Security of supply
    • Reduce dependence on energy imports,
    • Avoid blackouts
  • Competitiveness:

Renewable energy is often transported to users through electricity

  • Renewable energy is often transported to users through electricity
  • Reducing CO2 requires a higher share of electricity in the energy portfolio (e.g. more electricity in transport, heating, industry)
  • Variability of renewable electricity requires a new approach to electricity grids. We need stronger and smarter grids
  • FP7 work aims at promoting the innovations in technology and at system level to support smart network evolution.
  • The role of electricity and of electricity grids in integration of Renewables

Key needs

  • Large-scale demonstration of smart grids implementations, particularly for distribution networks
    • Integration of variable distributed energy resources
    • Active distribution networks
  • Research on European-level integration of the high-voltage transmission networks
    • Planning
    • Technology demonstrations
    • Control
    • Markets
  • Supporting technologies, e.g. ICT infrastructure, energy storage, smart meters, electric vehicles

Highlights of our activities in Smart Electricity Grids

  • In the EU Framework Programmes for research (FP5-FP7)
  • 60 M€ EC support for 50 R&D projects in FP5 (1998-2002)
  • 65 M€ EC support for 27 R&D projects in FP6 (2002-2006)
  • More than 140 M€ spent/earmarked so far (2005 - 2010) in FP7 (2007-2013)
  • Substantial FP7 budget increase for 2012-2013

Highlights of our activities in Smart Electricity Grids

  • … and beyond the Framework Programmes
  • Strategic Energy Technologies Plan (SET Plan)
  • SET Plan European Electricity Grids initiative launched June 2010
  • European Technology Platform on Smart Grids launched in 2005
  • EU-US Energy Council (Joint research and development of low carbon energy technologies. Particular focus to smart grids)
  • International Conference on Integration of Renewable and Distributed Energy Resources EU – US – Canada – Japan started 2004 Next edition: Albuquerque December 2010

FP6 Projects on Smart Electricity Grids (completed)

  • Integration of renewables, aggregation of distributed resources, demand response:
  • Three integration projects with pilot tests: aggregation (EU-DEEP), virtual power plants (FENIX), microgrids (MORE-MICROGRIDS)
  • Standardisation and testing of grid interfaces (DER-LAB)
  • Enabling technologies:
  • Applications of High-Temperature Superconductivity cables, transformers, hydro-generators, current limiters
  • Inverters
  • Coordination:
  • Project clusters, leading to the Smart Grids Technology Platform
  • EU-DEEP: European Distributed Energy Partnership
  • Business models for aggregation of Distributed Energy Resources
  • Existing Grids
  • Lower the minimum size threshold for aggregation from 10 MW to 50 kW… to 1kW
  • GPRS
  • GPRS
  • GPRS
  • GPRS
  • GPRS
  • GPRS
  • GPRS
  • GPRS
  • GPRS
  • GPRS
  • GPRS
  • Firewall
  • Aggregator PC
  • Internet
  • GSM/GPRS
  • Market data
  • Triad forecasting
  • kW
  • £
  • £
  • £
  • £
  • £
  • £
  • GDF ESS
  • Head office
  • Example:
  • TF1 (UK)
  • FENIX: Flexible Electricity network to integrate the expected energy evolution
  • Virtual Power Plants as a common information architecture for aggregation of resources – covering market and congestions.
  • 320 MW peak demand
  • DER – 168 MVA Installed capacity
  • ANTOÑANA
  • 1,2 MW
  • BERGANZO
  • 1,2 MW
  • ELGUEA
  • GAMARRA
  • ALI
  • ALSASUA
  • JUNDIZ
  • PUENTELARRA
  • Transformer 220/30 kV - TSO-DSO Boundary
  • G
  • DER (Wind farms) MW
  • Capacitors MVAR
  • 14,4 x 2 Mvar
  • 14,4 x 2 Mvar
  • 14,4 Mvar
  • 5,4 x 4 Mvar
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • GUASCOR
  • HOSPITAL
  • GOJAIN
  • MICHELIN
  • 12 MW
  • 2,0 MW
  • 2,7 MW
  • TXAGORRITXU
  • 0,5 MW
  • 47 MW
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • ENVIROIL
  • HOLZLAN
  • SEARSA
  • 2,0 MW
  • 1,0 MW
  • 2,7 MW
  • G
  • Small Hydro and renewable units MW
  • G
  • ELGUEA
  • 30 MW
  • G
  • BADAIA
  • 50 MW
  • G
  • URKILLA
  • 32 MW
  • 13,2 kV
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • DER (CHP) MW
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • G
  • Transformation 30/13,2 kV
  • Aggregator
  • Fenix
  • G
  • SALINERA
  • 7,5 MW
  • PV
  • 0,3MW
  • G
  • TSO (REE) DSO (IBD)
  • Market (OMEL)

FP7 Projects on Smart Electricity Grids (running)

  • Active distribution networks: integration distributed resources and demand response
  • ADDRESS pilot project
  • Large demonstration projects starting early 2011
  • Pan-European transmission networks:
  • Planning: EWIS, SUSPLAN, IRENE 40
  • Demonstration of power technologies: TWENTIES
  • Monitoring and control: PEGASE
  • Markets: OPTIMATE
  • Additional developments:
  • ICT infrastructure: 6 projects
  • Standardisation of Smart Meters: OPEN METER
  • Impact of Electric Vehicles on electricity grids: MERGE, G4V
  • Storage

Objectives:

  • Objectives:
  • Accelerate system innovation and the development of future European electricity networks,
  • Develop and validate a portfolio of Smart Grids demonstrations: user-centered, market based, sustainable, efficient
  • In a variety of contexts: geographical, networks, regulation, etc.
  • Prepare the scaling-up and replication of the experiences

Expected benefits:

  • Expected benefits:
  • Increased hosting capacity for renewable and distributed sources
  • Integration of national networks into a truly pan-European network
  • High level of quality of electricity supply to all customers
  • Active participation of users in markets and energy efficiency
  • Anticipation of a progressive electrification of transport
  • Efficient future networks, for the benefit of grid users
  • Opening business opportunities for new players in smart grids
  • Roadmap 2010-18 and detailed implementation plan 2010-12 at www.smartgrids.eu
  • Total budgeted costs for RD & D: 2 B€
  • The European Electricity Grids Initiative
  • FP7 Calls
  • Call ENERGY-2010-1
  • Energy storage for stationary applications
  • Call ENERGY-2010-2
  • Large scale demonstration of smart distribution networks
  • Work Programme 2011: preliminary thoughts
  • Pan-European transmission networks: coordinated control, security
  • Demonstration of large-scale innovative storage
  • Network of smart grids demonstrations
  • Publication expected July 2010
  • Research contributions from non-EU participants are welcome

Thank you for your attention

  • Thank you for your attention

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