Fergana city Passport indicators of the Fergana region

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Fergana city-referat (Ganiyev R.N.)
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Fergana city

1. Passport indicators of the Fergana region

2. Socio-economic indicators

3. Agricultural indicators

4. History

Date of formation - January 15, 1938. Area - 7.0 thousand sq. Km (700 461 ha). The length of the border (2286.4 km), of which it borders on Kyrgyzstan (433.0 km), Tajikistan (134.6 km), Andijan (101.6 km), Namangan (79.4 km). Population 3782.2 thousand people. Number of gatherings of citizens -1041 Number of living families -756,428 Ethnic composition: Uzbeks (89.6%), Kyrgyz (2%), Tajiks (5.9%), representatives of other nationalities (2.6%). Regional economy Industrial production (light industry, food industry, building materials industry, fuel and energy industry, chemical and petrochemical industry), agricultural production (fruits and vegetables, grapes, melons, livestock, poultry), pottery, carpentry tourism specializes in tourism , trade, meat processing and other services

Schools - 946, DO - 1870, Medical institutions - 839. New jobs: 11430 The unemployment rate is 9.7%. Those who went abroad to work 275,236 Unemployed: 158,079 people Crime rate - 5,079 (2018 - 5362) Local budget revenues - 1,127.4 billion soums (110.6%). Gas supply level - 98.5%. Drinking water supply level - 85% Large industrial enterprises: 38 (FNPZ LLC, Azot JSC) Joint ventures: 446 Small industrial enterprises: 7930 During the reporting period, the number of economic entities increased by 2721 (32206). Industry (Growth rate of 9458.2 billion UZS -102.1%) Service (Growth rate of 6,015.8 billion UZS -101.7%) Disbursed investment funds - 4876.8 billion UZS. Including direct foreign investments - 1104.7 billion soums. Export volume - $ 327.3 million.In practice - $ 249.1 million (76.1%) Including the plan for the export of industrial products - $ 175.3 million In practice - $ 138.4 million (79%) The plan for the export of fruits and vegetables is $ 141.2 million. In practice - $ 104.9 million (74.3%) Loans allocated under the program "Youth is our future" 20116 mln. UZS Loans allocated under the program "Every family-entrepreneur" ("Kar bir oila-tadbirkor") - 176895 mln. UZS.

Cultivation of cotton: - 250,000 tons. In 2019 - expectation of 108.8% Grain production: - 526 630 tons. In 2019 - 115.6% fulfilled The number of cattle as of January 1, 2020: - 1,006,376 heads. Compared to January 1, 2019, it increased by 8936 heads. The number of operating farms is 10918. Average land area: 37.5 hectares.

Fergana region is a region of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Founded on January 15, 1938. It is located in the east of the republic, in the south of the Fergana Valley. The length of the border (2286.4 km), of which it borders in the east with the state of Kyrgyzstan (433.0 km), in the west with the state of Tajikistan (134.6 km), in the north with Andijan (101.6 km), Namangan (79 , 4 km) regions. Area 7.0 thousand sq. Km (700 461 ha). Population - 3782.2 thousand people (2020), mostly Uzbeks, but also Tajiks, Russians, Kyrgyz, Tatars and other nationalities. The number of citizens' gatherings is 1041, the number of living families is 756 428. The center is the city of Fergana. It includes 4 cities: Fergana, Margilan, Kuvasoy, Kokand.

The northern part of the Fergana region is occupied by the Karakalpak and Yazyavan steppes, and from the south it is surrounded by the flood of the Alai ridge. Fergana region is a zone of high seismicity. The climate is continental, winters are mild and sometimes very cold. The average temperature in January is 3.2 C, in July - 28 C. The lowest temperature is 27.9 C. The maximum temperature is 42 C. The strong "Kokand wind" blowing in the west of the valley has a negative effect on the climate. In the summer in the southeast, the harmssel blows. Annual precipitation ranges from 100 mm in the west (around Kokand) to 170 mm in the east and up to 270 mm on the mountain slopes, mainly in spring. The growing season is 210-240 days. The Syrdarya river flows along the northwestern border of the region. Isfara, Sokh, Shohimardon, Isfairamsay originate from the Alay ridge. The rivers are saturated with ice and snow. Mainly gray soils and meadow-boggy soils, mainly hungry and typical gray soils on hills, alluvial-meadow soils on the terraces of the Syr Darya, sandy loam and loamy meadows in the northern part of the region.

Various salt marshes grow in the saline soils of Central Fergana. In the oases there are poplar, mulberry, elm, and in the river valleys, broad-leaved and pine forests. Wolves, foxes, wolverines, rabbits, badgers, jays live among the wild animals in the tugai forests of the Syr Darya. Muskrats and nutria are acclimatized. Many birds, reptiles. Fish such as marinka, barbel, carp, amazon, grass carp, perch are found in reservoirs.

Fergana region is one of the centers of the ancient culture of Uzbekistan. Photographs of Stone Age settlements and rocks found in the area show that stone tools have been used by people in the valley since ancient times. Excavations of the Big Fergana Canal have played an important role in the study of the region's archaeological sites. During the excavation of the canal, monuments of the Bronze Age, slavery and land tenure were discovered and investigated. Finds from the 5th century BC and the early Middle Ages in the city of Kuva are well studied. Historical sources from the 10th to 11th century state that this city was the largest city in the valley after Ahsikat in terms of prosperity and size. Archaeological materials confirm that the city of Margilan in the X century was a large village, and in the XI-XII centuries it took the form of a village.

The monuments found in the settlements of the Chust culture, engaged in sedentary agriculture and animal husbandry, are of great importance for the study of the Fergana Valley. Archaeological excavations show that the Fergana region has long been inhabited by people who were engaged in hunting, agriculture, animal husbandry, and at the later stages of the existence of human society, culture began to develop.

Fergana, charming everyone with its charming nature and unique beauty, has a long history.
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