Food security and agricultural development


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AGRICULTURE is the most important sector of the economy of states - members of the SCO. The stable functioning of the agricultural sector is largely depends on the state of the economy and food security of the state of the SCO. In connection with this, the integration within the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, has a special place in the agreement of Agrarian Policy of the States Parties. Today's meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization on “The development of agriculture and food security of the SCO" is one of the vectors of the interaction of our countries to ensure sustainable agricultural development the SCO.

  • AGRICULTURE is the most important sector of the economy of states - members of the SCO. The stable functioning of the agricultural sector is largely depends on the state of the economy and food security of the state of the SCO. In connection with this, the integration within the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, has a special place in the agreement of Agrarian Policy of the States Parties. Today's meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization on “The development of agriculture and food security of the SCO" is one of the vectors of the interaction of our countries to ensure sustainable agricultural development the SCO.

  • The Republic of Tajikistan is an agrarian country, and this sector plays a key role in ensuring food security, creating new jobs in rural areas, and social development of the village and, in general, the development of the republic's economy. In this regard, one of the strategic directions of development of the country selected by the Government of our Republic is to ensure food security and improve the welfare of the population.







Food security and agricultural development is a major sector of the economy, and sustainable food supply of the country largely depends on the development of this sector. Development of the agricultural sector will provide a reliable, stable and balanced food supply of the country by means of dynamic and steady growth of agricultural production, income and employment of the rural population, as well as the protection of natural resources for its expanded reproduction.

  • Food security and agricultural development is a major sector of the economy, and sustainable food supply of the country largely depends on the development of this sector. Development of the agricultural sector will provide a reliable, stable and balanced food supply of the country by means of dynamic and steady growth of agricultural production, income and employment of the rural population, as well as the protection of natural resources for its expanded reproduction.

  • Taking these factors into account, and to ensure food security, the following laws and programs were adopted, such as the Law of RT "On Food Security"; "Food Security Program of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period up to 2015" and the Council on Food Security of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan;

  • Priorities of the Government of Tajikistan in the field of "food security"

  • To make the food accessible (economic and physical accessibility) on the basis of sustainable development of the agricultural sector;

  • Ensuring food safety and proper organization of nutrition (especially for vulnerable groups);

  • Ensuring a stable food supply.

  • Implementation of these priorities will help to achieve the strategic goals of the country, including poverty reduction.



With the support of the Government of Tajikistan, 15 medium-term Governmental Programms up to 2015 years is currently implementing, including:

  • With the support of the Government of Tajikistan, 15 medium-term Governmental Programms up to 2015 years is currently implementing, including:

  • 7 – Programms on crop production sector:

  • -Improve of cotton production -Improve of horticulture and vineyards;

  • - Improve of potato production; -Improve of seed production;

  • - Improve of tobacco production; - Locust control;

  • - Plant and garden protection .

  • 8 – Programms on livestock sector:

  • -Improve of livestock and pedigree;

  • -Improve of poultries; -Improve of horse breeding ;

  • -Improve of fishery ; -Improve of yak breeding ;

  • -Improve of apiculture; -Improve of livestock biotechnology;

  • - Pasture improvement .



Horticulture and vineyards are the main sector in economic development, actually in food processing and strengthening of export potential of the country;

  • Horticulture and vineyards are the main sector in economic development, actually in food processing and strengthening of export potential of the country;

  • Currently, total area of the gardens are consist of 131 thous. ha, from this area stone fruits 70,1 thousand ha, pips 49,4 thousand ha, nuts 5,2 thousand ha, subtropical 5,1 thousand ha and citruses 369 Ha;

  • Total area of the vineyards are 37,8 thousand ha;

  • In frame of the on –gong implementation of agrarian reform, in order of diversification of the sectors is started to planting prunes, new varieties and high quality of apricots, apples, pears, peach and citruses, such as: for Prune: Anna Shpet, Vengerka ajeni and italian; for Аpricot: Mirsnadjali, Subhani, Khurmai, Kandak, Ahmadi; for Apples: Renet Simirenko, Jonatan, Golden Delishes, Rozamarin, Zolotoe Graymo; for Pear: Dilafruz, Belebosk, Kyure, Lastochka, Lesnaya krasavisa; for Peach: Аdjiri surch, Kamberlend, Malinoviy, Lola, Farhod, Guldor, Sunbuli; for Citrus: Villa Franko, Meyera, Grecheskiy, Ioskuriya; for Persimon: Khiakuma, Zendji-maru, Gosha-Gaki and etc.





In the country, more than 65 special seed farms are currently functioning, who are engaged with growing of cotton, cereals, vegetables, potatoes and Lucerne.

  • In the country, more than 65 special seed farms are currently functioning, who are engaged with growing of cotton, cereals, vegetables, potatoes and Lucerne.



Crop production is one of the main sector of the agriculture, and playing important role in provision of the food security in the country.

  • Crop production is one of the main sector of the agriculture, and playing important role in provision of the food security in the country.

  • In the country producing more than 400-450 thousand MT of cotton, more than 1,3 million MT of cereal, more than 1,1 million MT of potato, 1,4 million MT vegetables, 495 thousand MT of melons, 330 thousand MT of fruits, 175 thousand of grapes.

  • Export of cotton fibers , vegetables and fruits

  • from Tajikistan to the SCO countries for last 8 months of 2014 year



For 2013

  • For 2013



Livestock is main part of the agrarian sector of Tajikistan and providing population with meat, and milk, animal fat, eggs, honey, fish; provides industry with raw materials, skin, wool, karakuls, fluff, etc. Livestock based on total production of the agriculture products takes second place after crop production sector;

  • Livestock is main part of the agrarian sector of Tajikistan and providing population with meat, and milk, animal fat, eggs, honey, fish; provides industry with raw materials, skin, wool, karakuls, fluff, etc. Livestock based on total production of the agriculture products takes second place after crop production sector;

  • More than 2,1 million head of big cattle 4,9 million head of sheep and goat, more than 5,0 million head of all type of poultries and 78,0 thousand head of the horses exist in the country ;

  • The value of the livestock sector production in overall value of the GDP the agriculture consist of 31,5 percent. Each year the country produces more than 175 thousand MT of meat, 828 thousand MT of milk, 3510 MT of honey, 344 million pcs of eggs, 1723 MT catching of fish and 6,6 thousand MT of wool;



  • Poultry: Starting from 2007, poultry is developing with high speed. Now 51 poultry enterprises are functioning in the country. According to the statistic data in all categories of the poultry enterprises there are 2,1 million head of poultries up to 01.01.2014 .

  • It is indicated, that with involving of local and foreign investment brought and launched modern technology in production from Iran, Turkey, Ukraine, and Russian Federation in 12 poultry enterprises. The poultry holders of the country engaging holding quails and partridges, their meat and eggs are using as dietary cookery.

  • Apiculture: Currently in the country is being breed more than 196 of thousand bee families and each year are being producing more than 3510 MT of honey. Each year, in order to improve the sector in the framework of Apiculture Improvement programm are imported 500-600 bee family from the Russian Federation.

  • Generally the country has resources of nectariferous crops, which it is allows to breed more than 800 bee families, which can be harvest 18 thousand MT of honey per year and huge quantity of the other products will follow strengthening export potential of the country.

  • Each year in all regions of the country are organizing national fair and competitions«HONEY DAY».

  • Fishery: Tajikistan according to the availability of the fresh water is taking one of the main place in the world. 63 percent of the fresh water out Central Asia ,exists in Tajikistan. 1300 natural pools, 8 big water reservoirs, 6 big river, 5 big glaciers with total value 414 sq. км are located in the country. Fishery is one of the high income sector in Tajikistan.

  • Currently 2 governmental and 190 dehkan fishery farms are functioning in the country. There is indicated that today Tajikistan is using only 17% of available potential, but need of the country is 14 thousand MT.

  • In future Tajikistan has potential to produce up to 300 thousand MT of the fishery products based on existing value of the water resources.





In order to improve collaboration on provision of agriculture machineries and equipments in one frame of collaboration with SCO countries many tajik companies such as: SUE «Madad», NSUE «Tajikagrolizing», OJSC«Agrotechservis» and OSC «Madadi Tursunzoda» are collaborating with Russian companies such as: «Rostselmash», «Аgromashkholding», «Agroremradiator» and «Gryazokultivator», China companies: «YUTO», «DIFUN»;

  • In order to improve collaboration on provision of agriculture machineries and equipments in one frame of collaboration with SCO countries many tajik companies such as: SUE «Madad», NSUE «Tajikagrolizing», OJSC«Agrotechservis» and OSC «Madadi Tursunzoda» are collaborating with Russian companies such as: «Rostselmash», «Аgromashkholding», «Agroremradiator» and «Gryazokultivator», China companies: «YUTO», «DIFUN»;

  • During the collaboration with above mentioned companies to RT were delivered : from the Russian Federation more than 300 unit, from China 1100 unit of agriculture machines and equipments;

  • It is necessary to indicate that in 2014 SUE «Madad» in collaboration with Chinese company «Difun» has jointly established “Center on provision of the services and repairing agriculture machines»;

  • In agrarian sector of the country there exist: 19,7 thousand tractors,; 780 cereal harvesting combines; 6,4 thousand ploughs and 1,7 тthousand seeding machines;

  • Need of Tajikistan for agriculture machines and equipments :

  • Universal tractors-11 065 unit;

  • Tillable tractors -10 959 unit;

  • 3 wheels (inter-row cultivation) - 6770 unit;

  • combine harvester -1 890 units

  • Seeding machine – 4 890 units.



The present meeting of the members of SCO will be the place for decision making, and gives for Tajikistan an impulse in achieving the food security.

  • The present meeting of the members of SCO will be the place for decision making, and gives for Tajikistan an impulse in achieving the food security.

  • During the short period the SCO was able to solve a lot of problems generated during the decade, improve the cooperation between the member states and move the collaboration to the advanced level, thus became acknowledged in the region the world.

  • The cooperation and collaboration between the member states has an great value in effective implementation of tasks and goals set for the agrarian sector as well as achieving the food security.

  • Taking in to the consideration the fact that Tajikistan is an agrarian country, the investment to the agriculture sector in not enough and sufficient, thus it requires an attraction of mutually profitable investments from SCO member states which will allow and force to strengthen and improve the export capacity of the country in nearest years and achieve the food security.






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