General Information on Uzbekistan


Download 383.33 Kb.
Pdf ko'rish
Sana25.11.2019
Hajmi383.33 Kb.
#79056
Bog'liq
english topics
30, Strategiyadan mus ish, тест саволлари (1), 1-Ma'ruza, Me'yor, Тестовые задания по ТОЭ, Sample-Listening-Test, tribotexnika asoslari, ТЕ СТсаволлар ЕОКПО 2017, 2 maqola, tola sifatini aniqlash, Дон ва дон махсулотлари биокимёси маъруза, Gulbog' Quyoshi -inglizcha tarjima, Кафолат хати

20.11.2019

about:blank

about:blank

1/17


General Information on Uzbekistan

 

Uzbekistan is a country of warmth and light where you can enjoy the clear sunny sky over 300 days a year. The warmth of the sun in

Uzbekistan is complemented with the warmth and hospitality of the local people, which gives you the great feeling of comfort and

coziness. The Uzbeks are famous for their hospitality but you can understand what a guest means for the Uzbeks only when you sit

at a feast table prepared in your honor in an Uzbek home.


20.11.2019

about:blank

about:blank

2/17


Uzbekistan  boasts  very  diverse  terrains  and  natural  attractions.  They  are  the

impressive  sand  dunes  of  the  Kyzylkum Desert;  they  are  various  plain  and  alpine

lakes, steppes and green oases; they are the majestic mountains of the Tien Shan

not  far  from  Tashkent,  with  their  breathtaking  landscapes  and  healing  resorts,  with

thousands of streams feeding the great rivers of Amudarya and Syrdarya; they are

fertile  valleys  with  orchards  and  gardens  yielding  the  tastiest  Uzbek  fruit  and

vegetables,  melons  and  grapes;  they  are  numerous  cotton  fields…  There  is  also  a

number of most interesting nature reserves with their unique flora and fauna in the

country.

Uzbekistan  is  also  a  country  of  world-famous  historic  cities  and  sites  of  ancient

settlements with their most impressive architectural monuments. During its long and

rich history, the predecessors of today’s Uzbekistan experienced a lot of everything.

They were involved in the growth and decline of the world’s most powerful empires of

Alexander  the  GreatGenghis  Khan  and  Tamerlane;  they  suffered  from  a  lot  of

wars and massacres - and enjoyed outstanding blossoms of art and science. They were crossroads of civilizations’ interaction for

centuries where various cultures met and exchanged their values; thousands of caravans crossed these lands along the Great Silk

Road connecting the Middle East, Mediterranean and Europe with India and China. Foreign achievements became part of the local

culture then, complemented it. Uzbek traditional cuisine, for example, adopted and modified recipes foreign merchants once shared

with the locals.

Today’s Uzbekistan has a developed tourism infrastructure with various services provided. An excellent holiday in the country can be

spent depending on income and preferences: you can stay either in a five-star hotel or in a modest traditional Uzbek guesthouse; you

can opt for an exciting adventure tour (jeep safari, skiing and heli-skiing, paragliding, mountain hiking and climbing, etc.), a beach

leisure stay, a guided sightseeing tour, etc.

Useful Information on Traveling in Uzbekistan:

General Information

Climate

How to Dress in Uzbekistan



Uzbek Cuisine

Cost of Food in Uzbekistan

Visa and Stay Permit

Clearing Customs

Photographing and Videoing Sites

Tips (restaurants, etc)

Uzbek Souvenirs

Uzbekistan National Flag and Coat of Arms

Uzbekistan Telephone Codes

Embassies and Consulates in Uzbekistan



20.11.2019

about:blank

about:blank

3/17


National Currency of Uzbekistan

Embassies and Consulates of the

Republic of Uzbekistan

General Information

Almost two-thirds of the country’s territory is desert and steppes; the rest part of it is mountains, valleys and oases.

Uzbekistan  consists  of  12  provinces  and  an  autonomous  republic  (The  Autonomous  Republic  of  Karakalpakstan,  also  spelled

Qaraqalpaqstan).



Population: over 29 million (2012 estimate): urbanites - 37%, and rural population - 63%. The density is 60/km². The ethnic structure:

Uzbeks - 80%, Russians - 5.5%, Tajiks - 5%, Kazakhs - 5%, Karakalpaks - 2%, Tatars - 1.5%.



Government:  Uzbekistan  is  a  presidential  republic  whereby  the  President  of  Uzbekistan  is  both  head  of  state  and  head  of

government.  Executive  power  is  exercised  by  the  government.  Legislative  power  is  vested  in  both  the  government  and  the  two

chambers of parliament, the Legislative Chamber and Senate.

The capital  of  Uzbekistan  is  Tashkent,  with  a  population  of  over  2.5  million.  Tashkent  is  the  only  Central  Asian  city  which  has  an

underground railway system (Tashkent Metro). Its stations are probably among the world’s most beautiful.

Electric power: 220 V AC, 50 А; CEE 7 standards 2-pin plugs and sockets.

Climate

Traveling  about  Uzbekistan  is  possible  at  any  time  of  the  year  but  the  best  periods  to  come  are  from  March  to  July  and  from

September to October inclusive. The period from the end of June to mid-August, called chilla by the locals, is the hottest: the day

temperature  frequently  rises  to  40°C  and  even  higher  in  some  parts  of  the  country.  Autumn  is  warm  and  abundant  in  agricultural

produce; the bazaars are full of a wide variety of cheap and quality fruits, vegetables and cucurbit crops. At the end of November the

day  temperature  may  still  remain  around  10°С.  Although  the  average  winter  temperatures  are  not  far  below  zero,  they  may

occasionally drop to around minus 15° in the cities and lower in the mountains and the steppe areas. Showers, rains and snows in

spring, autumn and winter are occasional; they are less frequent and shorter than in Europe, for instance.



20.11.2019

about:blank

about:blank

4/17


Average Temperatures

°C

Jan

Feb

March

April

May

June

July

Aug

Sept

Oct

Nov

Dec

Max


12°


18°

25°


32°

37°


40°

38°


32°

25°


18°

11°


Min

-1°


11°



16°

18°


21°

18°


12°





How to Dress in Uzbekistan

Suitable clothing for travels about Uzbekistan differs as to the season. Clothes made of cotton and other natural textiles will be the

best choice in warm and hot weather. You will feel best in T-shirts, light and loose trousers, shorts, or sundresses. Remember that


20.11.2019

about:blank

about:blank

5/17


your footwear must be comfortable, light and strong, since you will have to walk over rough ground surfaces at times. Sunglasses,

light headwear and sunblock lotion should also be kept handy.

If you travel early in spring (March to the beginning of April) or at the end of autumn (October to November), it is advisable to take a

windbreaker, a sweater or a similar garment. In winter the day temperature may sometimes fall to minus 10°С - 25°С (depending on

the location), so a raincoat, a warm coat, a warm hat or a knit cap will be necessary.

If you plan to visit the mountains, steppe area or the desert, note that the difference between the day and night temperatures there is

considerable, so have warm clothes to change into at night.

You should be considerate towards the local traditions, culture and religion. While visiting religious sites, women should wear loose

garments covering most of their arms and legs, and of course the cleavage. Headscarves will also be advisable to put on. Note that

you will have to take off your shoes while entering some of the sacred places where people pray.



Uzbek Cuisine

Uzbek traditional cuisine is probably the best in Central Asia. It adopted and modified recipes foreign merchants once shared with the

locals during the Silk Road times.

The most popular Uzbek dishes are the following: pilaf, laghman, samsa, shurpa, manti, nahud, and shashlik.

• Pilaf (osh in Uzbek) is Uzbekistan’s signature dish. It is made of rice cooked in stock with oil, meat, spices, and carrots.

Every Uzbek region has its own unique pilaf recipe.

• Laghman (also lagman) is dough noodles in gravy with small pieces of meat and vegetables. The dish was adopted

from China and modified.

Samsa


 is a triangular or rectangular pasty filled with meat, onion and little piece of broadtail fat, or with chopped

potatoes or pumpkin. Samsa pasties are baked in Uzbek traditional clay oven tandir.

Shurpa


 is a soup with mutton chunks and vegetables.

Manti



 is steamed Uzbek dumplings with meat and potato fillings or pumpkin fillings - all with little broadtail fat pieces,

onion and spices (cumin and pepper).

• Nahud is braised chickpeas (garbanzos) and mutton.

• Shashlik is Uzbek shish kebab made from a variety of meats and having a lot of recipes.

Various Uzbek flat breads baked in tandir clay ovens are also extremely popular.

If you need any special diet during your tour in the country, please advise us of it in advance.



20.11.2019

about:blank

about:blank

6/17


Cost of Food in Uzbekistan

Our tours come with accommodation and breakfasts. If you wish, we can additionally

reserve tables for you in local restaurants. If you want to make reservations yourself,

the information on how much food will cost you in the country is below. Note that the

following  prices  are  approximate  and  may  vary  depending  on  the  location  and

vendor.


 

• Coffee/Tea:

1 - 3 USD

• Cold drink:

1- 2 USD

• Bottled water:

0.5 USD

• Beer:


1 - 2 USD

• Lunch (two courses, salad):

5 - 25 USD

• Dinner (two courses, salad + dessert):

10 - 25 USD.

Visa-free'>Visa and Stay Permit

Visa-free regime for up to 60 days has been established  for citizens of countries below:

• Azerbaijan

• Armenia

• Belarus

• Georgia

• Kazakhstan

• Kyrgyzstan

• Moldova

• Russia

• Ukraine



Visa-free regime for up to 30 days has been established  for citizens of countries below:

• Andorra

• Argentina

• Australia

• Croatia

• Czech Republic

• Denmark

• Israel


• Italy

• Japan


• Montenegro

• Netherlands

• New Zealand

• Spain


• Sweden

• Switzerland



20.11.2019

about:blank

about:blank

7/17


• Austria

• Belgium

• Bosnia and

Herzegovina

• Brazil

• Brunei Darussalam

• Bulgaria

• Canada


• Chile

• Estonia

• Finland

• France


• Germany

• Greece


• Hungary

• Iceland

• Indonesia

• Ireland

• The Republic of Korea

• Latvia


• Liechtenstein

• Lithuania

• Luxembourg

• Malaysia

• Malta

• Monaco


• Mongolia

• Norway


• Poland

• Portugal

• Republic of Cyprus

• Romania

• San Marino

• Serbia


• Slovakia

• Slovenia

• Tajikistan

• Turkey


• Singapore

• the Vatican

• United Arab Emirates

• United Kingdom of

Great Britain and

Northern Ireland

A great number of other countries can obtain an e-visa to Uzbekistan by simply visiting the governmental portal 

e-visa.gov.uz

.

Any foreigner to Uzbekistan is to get a stay permit within 3 working days (consecutive or not) during his / her visit to the country. If he



/ she stays at an Uzbekistan hotel or a guesthouse, such a stay permit for the period of stay at it is granted automatically. (Inquire

whether the hotel / guesthouse you want to stay at provides such a permit unless your accommodation is organized by a host tour

operator. Also make sure you are given your stay permit certificate with the seal of your hotel / guesthouse when you check out.) If

you  stay  at  other  lodging  facilities  during  your  visit,  you  will  have  to  get  your  stay  permit  from  a  local  visits  registration  police

department.

Read more about visa to Uzbekistan here »»

Clearing Customs

While clearing the customs, you will have to fill out 2 copies of a customs declaration where, among other things, you will have to

state how much money you are bringing, specifying the currency. One of the copies goes to the customs officer, while the other must

be with you until the end of your stay in Uzbekistan - you will need it during your clearing customs while leaving the country. The point

is that you will have to fill out another declaration while leaving, stating how much money you are taking out in it, and the customs

officer may request that you show you arrival declaration. If you do not have it, you will not be able to prove, for instance, that you are

taking out less money than you brought in when you arrived.

There is no limit on the amount of money in foreign currency a foreign national can bring into the country. If you bring in over 5,000

USD (or the equivalent), you will be given a ТС-28 certificate. If you bring in over 10,000 USD, you will have to pay a 1% duty of this

sum.


20.11.2019

about:blank

about:blank

8/17


The sum of money in foreign currency you can take out of the country must not exceed the sum you brought in as per your arrival

customs declaration. Taking out Uzbek cash (soms) is prohibited unless they are souvenirs and have little value.

If you have to take a medicine, it is better if you to bring it with you, or ask our tour organizers if it is possible to buy this medicine in

Uzbekistan before your visit.



National Currency of Uzbekistan

The national currency of Uzbekistan is the som (UZS). There are 100, 200, 500, 1 000 and 5 000-som banknotes and 25, 50, 100

and 500-som coins used currently. The banknotes are similar in size but vary in color; they depict Uzbekistan’s cultural and heritage

sites.


You can exchange money at Uzbekistan’s National Bank outlets, most of the hotels and official currency exchange offices commonly

located near bazaars and at shopping centers. You will need your passport and stay

permit to exchange money through them.

There is also a black market of currency exchange in Uzbekistan. Although its rates

are  higher,  we  do  not  recommend  that  you  exchange  money  through  its  dealers

(commonly individual money changers in the street, usually near bazaars). There is a

risk of falling prey to cheaters or be arrested red-handed if you go for their services.

Note  that  the  most  common  foreign  currency  in  Uzbekistan  is  US  dollars.  The  US

banknotes you exchange in the country should be in good condition - without defects,

bad folds, worn areas and scribbles - or it will be hard to exchange them.

You can use Visa and MasterCard cards mainly in Tashkent and at fewer locations

in Samarkand and Bukhara for cash withdrawals through ATMs (cash machines) in

their large hotels or banks. You can also make payments with these cards at some

hotels, restaurants and stores in Tashkent. However, technical failures of the card handling equipment may occur, so it is advisable to

always have enough cash on you.

Photographing and Videoing Sites


20.11.2019

about:blank

about:blank

9/17


Using  a  camera  at  the  tourist  sites  is  permitted  unless  a  site  has  a  prohibition  sign.  They  charge  fees  for  taking  pictures  at  most

tourist  attractions  though.  Photographing  and  videoing  Tashkent  metro,  the  airports,  railway  stations  and  facilities  of  strategic

importance  is  prohibited.  If  you  want  to  use  a  camera  in  a  functioning  mosque,  you  should  first  ask  the  worshippers  there  for

permission.



Tips

Uzbekistan has long been renowned for the hospitality of its people. Hospitality is both their tradition, a family rule and a national

feature.  They  always  welcome  every  guest  in  their  homes  very  warmly,  and  immediately  offer  them  tea  and  food  they  have.  If  a

foreign guest wants to repay their treatment by giving them money, they may get offended, saying ‘Why? We welcomed you straight

from the heart!’ So it is always better to give them souvenirs than cash in this case.

When it comes to dealing with local service workers, such as waiters, potters, drivers, guides, interpreters, etc, giving tips to them is

appropriate - and of course very welcome - if you liked their services. If you did not, or you are short of cash, it is not a problem:

giving  tips  is  never  a  rule  in  the  country,  since  service  workers’  commissions  are  usually  included  in  the  prices  you  pay  for  the

services that include their work. In the local restaurants, for instance, your bill will be composed of the price of the food you have

eaten and from 5% to 10% of it for the services (of the waiter and others).



Uzbek Souvenirs

The thriving industry of traditional arts and crafts in Uzbekistan is a traveler’s attraction as well. The offer is enormous, and there is

always a handmade piece of superb artistry you can buy at a very modest price. Traditional Uzbek handicrafts are very diverse and

extremely appealing. They are ceramics, wood carving, ganch alabaster carving, knife forging, metal chasing and embossing, carpet

weaving,  silk  making,  miniature  painting  on  varnished  surfaces,  wicker  weaving,  painting  on  leather  and  gourds,  gold  and  bead

embroidery,  suzani  tapestry  making,  national  dress  and  footwear  making  (chapan  caftans,  duppi  skullcaps,  sharp-end  mules,

leather high boots, etc), household utensil making (kurpacha blankets, beshik cradles, various chests, etc) and many others.

You can easily buy Uzbek souvenirs at local bazaars, tourist sites, hotels or department stores. Almost all handicrafts can be taken

out of the country but there are some regulations you can ask your guide or tour organizer about. There is a limit on carpets, for

instance, and taking out antiques is forbidden.



20.11.2019

about:blank

about:blank

10/17


Uzbekistan National Flag and Coat of Arms

The  national  flag  of  the  Republic  of  Uzbekistan  symbolizes  the  country’s  traditions  and

historical links with the states that existed within its today’s territory in the past. The blue stripe

is  a  symbol  of  blue  skies  and  life-giving  water.  Besides,  blue  was  the  color  of  Tamerlane’s

imperial flag. The white stripe symbolizes peace, moral and spiritual purity, daylight, sincerity

and  best  wishes.  The  green  one  is  a  symbol  of  nature,  youth,  hope  and  joy.  The  thin  red

stripes between the wide ones signify flows of vital force connecting the earth and the sky with

people’s pure souls.

The image of a young crescent moon is a traditional symbol the Uzbeks have been using for centuries in various senses (political

power,  Islam,  etc).  It  is  also  a  symbol  of  the  birth  of  Uzbekistan’s  independence.  The  three  rows  of  twelve  stars  refer  to  a  solar

calendar year which begins on Nowruz, usually on March 21 (Persian New Year; also spelled Nawruz, Navruz, Novruz). They also

refer  to  the  twelve  principles  of  ruling  a  country  (set  forth  in  a  work  of  Muhammad  Khwandamir,  a  Persian  historian  and  Islamic

scholar;  also  spelled  Khvandamir,  Khondamir,  Hondemir):  justice,  prowess,  commitment,  moral  values,  etc.  According  to  Asian

medieval scholars, the twelve stars also signify universal wholeness and perfection.



National coat of arms.  The  central  part  of  the  National  Coat  of  Arms  of  Uzbekistan  is  the  mythical  creature  Huma  (also  spelled

Homa, Humo, Khumo), a bird of happiness and love for freedom. Behind it there is a fertile valley with two rivers flowing across it



Download 383.33 Kb.

Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:




Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2022
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling