General Information on Uzbekistan
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- Bu sahifa navigatsiya:
- Kyzylkum Desert
- Amudarya and Syrdarya
- Alexander the Great , Genghis Khan and Tamerlane
- Great Silk Road
- Useful Information on Tr aveling in Uzbekistan
- Electric power
- Average Temperatures °C Jan Feb March April May June
- How to Dress in Uzbekistan
- Laghman (also lagman
- Cost of Food in Uzbekistan
- Visa and Stay Permit Visa-free
- Read more about visa to Uzbekistan here »» Clearing Customs
- National Currency of Uzbekistan
- Photographing and Videoing Sites
- Uzbekistan National Flag and Coat of Arms
General Information on Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan is complemented with the warmth and hospitality of the local people, which gives you the great feeling of comfort and
coziness. The Uzbeks are famous for their hospitality but you can understand what a guest means for the Uzbeks only when you sit
at a feast table prepared in your honor in an Uzbek home.
Uzbekistan boasts very diverse terrains and natural attractions. They are the
impressive sand dunes of the Kyzylkum Desert; they are various plain and alpine
lakes, steppes and green oases; they are the majestic mountains of the Tien Shan
not far from Tashkent, with their breathtaking landscapes and healing resorts, with
thousands of streams feeding the great rivers of Amudarya and Syrdarya; they are
fertile valleys with orchards and gardens yielding the tastiest Uzbek fruit and
vegetables, melons and grapes; they are numerous cotton fields… There is also a
number of most interesting nature reserves with their unique flora and fauna in the
Uzbekistan is also a country of world-famous historic cities and sites of ancient
settlements with their most impressive architectural monuments. During its long and
rich history, the predecessors of today’s Uzbekistan experienced a lot of everything.
They were involved in the growth and decline of the world’s most powerful empires of
wars and massacres - and enjoyed outstanding blossoms of art and science. They were crossroads of civilizations’ interaction for
centuries where various cultures met and exchanged their values; thousands of caravans crossed these lands along the Great Silk
culture then, complemented it. Uzbek traditional cuisine, for example, adopted and modified recipes foreign merchants once shared
with the locals.
Today’s Uzbekistan has a developed tourism infrastructure with various services provided. An excellent holiday in the country can be
spent depending on income and preferences: you can stay either in a five-star hotel or in a modest traditional Uzbek guesthouse; you
can opt for an exciting adventure tour (jeep safari, skiing and heli-skiing, paragliding, mountain hiking and climbing, etc.), a beach
leisure stay, a guided sightseeing tour, etc.
Cost of Food in Uzbekistan
Visa and Stay Permit
Photographing and Videoing Sites
Tips (restaurants, etc)
Uzbekistan National Flag and Coat of Arms
Uzbekistan Telephone Codes
Embassies and Consulates in Uzbekistan
National Currency of Uzbekistan
Embassies and Consulates of the
Republic of Uzbekistan
Almost two-thirds of the country’s territory is desert and steppes; the rest part of it is mountains, valleys and oases.
Uzbekistan consists of 12 provinces and an autonomous republic (The Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan, also spelled
Population: over 29 million (2012 estimate): urbanites - 37%, and rural population - 63%. The density is 60/km². The ethnic structure:
Uzbeks - 80%, Russians - 5.5%, Tajiks - 5%, Kazakhs - 5%, Karakalpaks - 2%, Tatars - 1.5%.
Government: Uzbekistan is a presidential republic whereby the President of Uzbekistan is both head of state and head of
government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two
chambers of parliament, the Legislative Chamber and Senate.
The capital of Uzbekistan is Tashkent, with a population of over 2.5 million. Tashkent is the only Central Asian city which has an
underground railway system (Tashkent Metro). Its stations are probably among the world’s most beautiful.
Traveling about Uzbekistan is possible at any time of the year but the best periods to come are from March to July and from
September to October inclusive. The period from the end of June to mid-August, called chilla by the locals, is the hottest: the day
temperature frequently rises to 40°C and even higher in some parts of the country. Autumn is warm and abundant in agricultural
produce; the bazaars are full of a wide variety of cheap and quality fruits, vegetables and cucurbit crops. At the end of November the
day temperature may still remain around 10°С. Although the average winter temperatures are not far below zero, they may
occasionally drop to around minus 15° in the cities and lower in the mountains and the steppe areas. Showers, rains and snows in
spring, autumn and winter are occasional; they are less frequent and shorter than in Europe, for instance.
How to Dress in Uzbekistan
Suitable clothing for travels about Uzbekistan differs as to the season. Clothes made of cotton and other natural textiles will be the
best choice in warm and hot weather. You will feel best in T-shirts, light and loose trousers, shorts, or sundresses. Remember that
your footwear must be comfortable, light and strong, since you will have to walk over rough ground surfaces at times. Sunglasses,
light headwear and sunblock lotion should also be kept handy.
If you travel early in spring (March to the beginning of April) or at the end of autumn (October to November), it is advisable to take a
windbreaker, a sweater or a similar garment. In winter the day temperature may sometimes fall to minus 10°С - 25°С (depending on
the location), so a raincoat, a warm coat, a warm hat or a knit cap will be necessary.
If you plan to visit the mountains, steppe area or the desert, note that the difference between the day and night temperatures there is
considerable, so have warm clothes to change into at night.
You should be considerate towards the local traditions, culture and religion. While visiting religious sites, women should wear loose
garments covering most of their arms and legs, and of course the cleavage. Headscarves will also be advisable to put on. Note that
you will have to take off your shoes while entering some of the sacred places where people pray.
Uzbek traditional cuisine is probably the best in Central Asia. It adopted and modified recipes foreign merchants once shared with the
locals during the Silk Road times.
The most popular Uzbek dishes are the following: pilaf, laghman, samsa, shurpa, manti, nahud, and shashlik.
• Pilaf (osh in Uzbek) is Uzbekistan’s signature dish. It is made of rice cooked in stock with oil, meat, spices, and carrots.
Every Uzbek region has its own unique pilaf recipe.
• Laghman (also lagman) is dough noodles in gravy with small pieces of meat and vegetables. The dish was adopted
from China and modified.
is a triangular or rectangular pasty filled with meat, onion and little piece of broadtail fat, or with chopped
potatoes or pumpkin. Samsa pasties are baked in Uzbek traditional clay oven tandir.
is a soup with mutton chunks and vegetables.
is steamed Uzbek dumplings with meat and potato fillings or pumpkin fillings - all with little broadtail fat pieces,
onion and spices (cumin and pepper).
• Nahud is braised chickpeas (garbanzos) and mutton.
• Shashlik is Uzbek shish kebab made from a variety of meats and having a lot of recipes.
Various Uzbek flat breads baked in tandir clay ovens are also extremely popular.
If you need any special diet during your tour in the country, please advise us of it in advance.
Cost of Food in Uzbekistan
Our tours come with accommodation and breakfasts. If you wish, we can additionally
reserve tables for you in local restaurants. If you want to make reservations yourself,
the information on how much food will cost you in the country is below. Note that the
following prices are approximate and may vary depending on the location and
1 - 3 USD
• Cold drink:
1- 2 USD
• Bottled water:
1 - 2 USD
• Lunch (two courses, salad):
5 - 25 USD
• Dinner (two courses, salad + dessert):
10 - 25 USD.
Visa-free regime for up to 30 days has been established for citizens of countries below:
• Czech Republic
• New Zealand
• Bosnia and
• Brunei Darussalam
• The Republic of Korea
• Republic of Cyprus
• San Marino
• the Vatican
• United Arab Emirates
• United Kingdom of
Great Britain and
A great number of other countries can obtain an e-visa to Uzbekistan by simply visiting the governmental portal
Any foreigner to Uzbekistan is to get a stay permit within 3 working days (consecutive or not) during his / her visit to the country. If he
/ she stays at an Uzbekistan hotel or a guesthouse, such a stay permit for the period of stay at it is granted automatically. (Inquire
whether the hotel / guesthouse you want to stay at provides such a permit unless your accommodation is organized by a host tour
operator. Also make sure you are given your stay permit certificate with the seal of your hotel / guesthouse when you check out.) If
you stay at other lodging facilities during your visit, you will have to get your stay permit from a local visits registration police
While clearing the customs, you will have to fill out 2 copies of a customs declaration where, among other things, you will have to
state how much money you are bringing, specifying the currency. One of the copies goes to the customs officer, while the other must
be with you until the end of your stay in Uzbekistan - you will need it during your clearing customs while leaving the country. The point
is that you will have to fill out another declaration while leaving, stating how much money you are taking out in it, and the customs
officer may request that you show you arrival declaration. If you do not have it, you will not be able to prove, for instance, that you are
taking out less money than you brought in when you arrived.
There is no limit on the amount of money in foreign currency a foreign national can bring into the country. If you bring in over 5,000
USD (or the equivalent), you will be given a ТС-28 certificate. If you bring in over 10,000 USD, you will have to pay a 1% duty of this
The sum of money in foreign currency you can take out of the country must not exceed the sum you brought in as per your arrival
customs declaration. Taking out Uzbek cash (soms) is prohibited unless they are souvenirs and have little value.
If you have to take a medicine, it is better if you to bring it with you, or ask our tour organizers if it is possible to buy this medicine in
Uzbekistan before your visit.
National Currency of Uzbekistan
The national currency of Uzbekistan is the som (UZS). There are 100, 200, 500, 1 000 and 5 000-som banknotes and 25, 50, 100
and 500-som coins used currently. The banknotes are similar in size but vary in color; they depict Uzbekistan’s cultural and heritage
You can exchange money at Uzbekistan’s National Bank outlets, most of the hotels and official currency exchange offices commonly
located near bazaars and at shopping centers. You will need your passport and stay
permit to exchange money through them.
There is also a black market of currency exchange in Uzbekistan. Although its rates
are higher, we do not recommend that you exchange money through its dealers
(commonly individual money changers in the street, usually near bazaars). There is a
risk of falling prey to cheaters or be arrested red-handed if you go for their services.
Note that the most common foreign currency in Uzbekistan is US dollars. The US
banknotes you exchange in the country should be in good condition - without defects,
bad folds, worn areas and scribbles - or it will be hard to exchange them.
You can use Visa and MasterCard cards mainly in Tashkent and at fewer locations
in Samarkand and Bukhara for cash withdrawals through ATMs (cash machines) in
their large hotels or banks. You can also make payments with these cards at some
hotels, restaurants and stores in Tashkent. However, technical failures of the card handling equipment may occur, so it is advisable to
always have enough cash on you.
Using a camera at the tourist sites is permitted unless a site has a prohibition sign. They charge fees for taking pictures at most
tourist attractions though. Photographing and videoing Tashkent metro, the airports, railway stations and facilities of strategic
importance is prohibited. If you want to use a camera in a functioning mosque, you should first ask the worshippers there for
Uzbekistan has long been renowned for the hospitality of its people. Hospitality is both their tradition, a family rule and a national
feature. They always welcome every guest in their homes very warmly, and immediately offer them tea and food they have. If a
foreign guest wants to repay their treatment by giving them money, they may get offended, saying ‘Why? We welcomed you straight
from the heart!’ So it is always better to give them souvenirs than cash in this case.
When it comes to dealing with local service workers, such as waiters, potters, drivers, guides, interpreters, etc, giving tips to them is
appropriate - and of course very welcome - if you liked their services. If you did not, or you are short of cash, it is not a problem:
giving tips is never a rule in the country, since service workers’ commissions are usually included in the prices you pay for the
services that include their work. In the local restaurants, for instance, your bill will be composed of the price of the food you have
eaten and from 5% to 10% of it for the services (of the waiter and others).
The thriving industry of traditional arts and crafts in Uzbekistan is a traveler’s attraction as well. The offer is enormous, and there is
always a handmade piece of superb artistry you can buy at a very modest price. Traditional Uzbek handicrafts are very diverse and
extremely appealing. They are ceramics, wood carving, ganch alabaster carving, knife forging, metal chasing and embossing, carpet
weaving, silk making, miniature painting on varnished surfaces, wicker weaving, painting on leather and gourds, gold and bead
embroidery, suzani tapestry making, national dress and footwear making (chapan caftans, duppi skullcaps, sharp-end mules,
leather high boots, etc), household utensil making (kurpacha blankets, beshik cradles, various chests, etc) and many others.
You can easily buy Uzbek souvenirs at local bazaars, tourist sites, hotels or department stores. Almost all handicrafts can be taken
out of the country but there are some regulations you can ask your guide or tour organizer about. There is a limit on carpets, for
instance, and taking out antiques is forbidden.
Uzbekistan National Flag and Coat of Arms
The national flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan symbolizes the country’s traditions and
historical links with the states that existed within its today’s territory in the past. The blue stripe
is a symbol of blue skies and life-giving water. Besides, blue was the color of Tamerlane’s
imperial flag. The white stripe symbolizes peace, moral and spiritual purity, daylight, sincerity
and best wishes. The green one is a symbol of nature, youth, hope and joy. The thin red
stripes between the wide ones signify flows of vital force connecting the earth and the sky with
people’s pure souls.
The image of a young crescent moon is a traditional symbol the Uzbeks have been using for centuries in various senses (political
power, Islam, etc). It is also a symbol of the birth of Uzbekistan’s independence. The three rows of twelve stars refer to a solar
calendar year which begins on Nowruz, usually on March 21 (Persian New Year; also spelled Nawruz, Navruz, Novruz). They also
refer to the twelve principles of ruling a country (set forth in a work of Muhammad Khwandamir, a Persian historian and Islamic
scholar; also spelled Khvandamir, Khondamir, Hondemir): justice, prowess, commitment, moral values, etc. According to Asian
medieval scholars, the twelve stars also signify universal wholeness and perfection.
National coat of arms. The central part of the National Coat of Arms of Uzbekistan is the mythical creature Huma (also spelled
Homa, Humo, Khumo), a bird of happiness and love for freedom. Behind it there is a fertile valley with two rivers flowing across it
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