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- Bu sahifa navigatsiya:
- 1.2. LEGAL FRAME AND INVESTMENT SCHEMES 1.2.1. Legal Frame
- 1.3. T HE CONSULTATION PROCESS
- 1.4. D IFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED
- 1.5. S OLUTIONS IDENTIFIED
La Morera del Montsant Wind Farm
ORIGIN AND CONTEXT OF THE
La Morera de Montsant is located at the Montsant mountain area (Priorat Comarca), an
area, where a big controversy started four years ago when some big developers
announced big wind projects. But one year ago, the main part of this region was
classified as "Natural Park".
The small wind project of La Morera de Montsant started in June 2
, 2000, when a
group of small rural villages’ mayors approached Dr. Josep Puig, at the end of a public
debate about wind energy in Reus (Tarragona, South Catalonia). They asked for help
because there were many wind energy projects in their villages and they didn’t have
any capacity to deal with. Also they were worried about the opposition organised by
outsiders not living in the villages and about the lack of support from Regional
The initiative was a real convergence between municipality’s mayors, concerned that
big wind projects might develop in their municipalities, and a small group of people
interested to promote small wind project at local level.
This has been the beginning of a process to make it possible to start a new kind of
wind project: a small wind project (3 wind machines of 750 kW each), owned by local
people. This decision has been made after discussing intensely with La Morera de
Montsant local residents. The municipality organised some meetings with local
residents and asked Ecoserveis to act as a consultant and to provide public information
to local residents. The process started in Autumn 2000 and the last meeting took place
on June 22
, 2000, when the project to install a 40 m. height wind measurement tower
The small wind farm will be located at less than 1 km distance from the village of La
Morera de Montsant, just near the main local road and not far from the medium voltage
LEGAL FRAME AND INVESTMENT SCHEMES
The project will consist in organising a wind cooperative to manage the wind project
inviting local residents to own shares in it. Because La Morera de Montsant is a small
village (only 100 inhabitants), other residents in the neighbourhood villages will be
invited to join the project, which, in addition, will have an innovative social approach.
The goal is to involve people living outside the area (for example, in other cities in
Catalonia), who wants to practice a new form of solidarity from urban to rural areas
(investing in local wind projects for rural sustainable development), but without having
decision power over the project. The decision power will remain on local residents.
Both the municipality and the majority of local residents are interested to be partners of
the project, as well as other people, living outside the area, who have already
expressed their interest to be part of the project.
Ecoserveis, acting as a consultant for the municipality, asked three wind manufacturers
in Spain to provide a offer to build the 2,25 MW wind farm. After analysing the various
offers received, it was finally decided to select the Ecotècnia offer. The total cost of the
project will be: 1,731,606 Euros (770 Euros/kW), as a turn key project.
The project will be developed using the common financial approach used in Spain
(70% bank loan – 30% equity). A contact has been made by Ecoserveis with Triodos
Spain (a Dutch bank, now starting operations in Spain) who is interested in the project.
The subscription of shares will be opened as soon as the results of wind
measurements will be available. In the case all the shares would not be sold, the wind
developer company "Vendaval" (Mondragon and Ecotècnia) will buy the remaining
HE CONSULTATION PROCESS
The consultation process started in spring 2001 with a meeting held in the town hall,
attended by more than 20 local residents. During this gathering, people from
Ecoserveis explained the basics of wind energy, showing projects around the world
and focusing on the Danish local experiences of financing wind projects. At the end of
the meeting, local residents expressed their interest to explore the feasibility to develop
a small wind farm near the village.
In April 2002, the Municipality of la Morera de Montsant signed an agreement with
Ecoserveis. Ecoserveis will help the municipality to use a local resource, the wind, to
create local wealth in a sustainable way. But this contribution does not only comprises
assistance with wind measurements, wind technology, etc. but also the implementation
of the social process to involve local people in the wind farm ownership.
In June 2002 a tower was erected to make wind measurements in the selected site.
The chosen location was at 1 km distance from the village, just near the local road,
at less than 500 m. distance from the electricity medium voltage line (15 kV) and
not far from the transforming station (15 kV – 220 V), supplying the village. But
during the second month of measurements (August 2002) the tower was knocked
off by opponents to the project and the registering equipment was stolen.
The project was slowed down because at fall 2002 the political scenario started to
move: local elections (May 2003) and regional elections (November 2003). Now
(February 2004), it has been agreed to install a new measurement tower (protected
against vandalism) and to organise, at the same time, a public event with support
from local residents, inviting regional politicians.
The main solution to these difficulties will be the public expression of a clear political
will in favour of wind development from the Government of Catalonia.
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