George gershwin and the Roaring 1920s


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GEORGE GERSHWIN

  • and the Roaring 1920s


I- Historical Context

  • The Roaring Twenties: 10 years of prosperity after WWI (1914-1918)

  • From a war to a peace economy: selling weapons lending money to Europe and Germany to rebuild.

  • Mass production

  • Wish to make the most of one’s life

  • Gershwin and music: Need of happiness after four years of war and a lot of people killed.



II- Technological changes

  • Radio, Film = a medium for the masses a society of leisure

  • Change in communication: Automobile industry (Ford), Road construction, Electrification, Telephone

  • An urban society Urbanization

  • Advertisement, mass production  the birth of consumer society

  • Gershwin: Use of modernity in his work Broadway musicals / films



III- The Dance Age

  • Society of leisure, pleasure, happiness, extravagance

  • Dance halls and live music

  • Fox-trot, Charleston, tango, tap dance.

  • « Immoral and provocative » dances  freedom of expression

  • Gershwin’s music: Musicals,

  • Love stories, happiness.



IV- The Jazz Age

  • Radios made jazz popular

  • Live music in famous nightclubs (Cotton Club)

  • From Black music (Armstrong, Bechett, Fitzgerald) to everybody’s music.

  • Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess

  • « Jazz I regard as an American folk music »

  • G. Gershwin, 1927



V- The emancipation of women

  • 19th Amendment to the Constitution: Women have the right to vote.

  • National Women’s Party

  • Fashion and the « flapper »: short bobbed haircut, short dresses, legs and arms exposed, smoked cigarettes, high-heel shoes, make-up.

  • Towards equality men/women cf Louise Brooks



VI- Prohibition

  • 18th Amendment to the Constitution

  • Religious and national attempt to come back to a « moral » society

  • Repression

  • Smuggling, crime and gangsters (cf Al Capone)

  • Prohibition repealed in 1933



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sites -> Ent ent définition
eva -> Ambiental del plan general municipal de casas de
eva -> Documento de referencia para la evaluación ambiental de la modificación puntual nº 3 de las normas subsidiarias de casas del monte (CÁceres)
eva -> Evaluación ambiental de planes y programas plan de ordenación del territorio de la costa noroeste de cádiz memoria ambiental
sites -> Samedi 3 mai 2014 Départ de Saint-Amand dans l’après-midi et route vers l’Italie…
sites -> Cléry-Saint-André, Le 05 septembre 2018
sites -> Collège Jacques de Tristan Cléry Saint André
sites -> En France sur 36 000 communes, 24 000 sont exposées à un ou plusieurs risques majeurs dont 12 000 avec des enjeux humains
sites -> Rendez-vous devant le Collège à 15h00 : départ à 15h30
sites -> La visite au château de Chaumont sur Loire

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