History of Gmail

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History of Gmail

History of Gmail
The public history of Gmail dates back to 2004. Gmail, a free, ad-supported webmail service Email clients are a product of Google. Over its history, the Gmail interface has been integrated with many of the company's other products and services, with basic integration within the Google account and specific integration points. with services such as Google+, Google Calendar, Google Drive, Google Hangouts, Google Meet, YouTube, and Google Buzz. It was also made available as part of G Suite. The Official Gmail Blog has been tracking Gmail's public history since July 2007.
Internal development
Gmail was a project started by Google developer Paul Bucheit, who was already exploring the idea of ​​email on the web in the 1990s, prior to launching . software project as a college student. Buchheit started working on Gmail in August 2001. At Google, Buchheit first worked on Google Groups, and when asked to "create some type of email or personalization product", he created the first version of Gmail in a single application. day by reusing code from Google Groups. The project was known by the code name Caribou, a reference to Dilbert's comic about Project Caribou.

At the time Gmail was being developed, existing email services such as ! Mail and Hotmail had extremely slow interfaces written in plain HTML, with almost every user action requiring the server to reload the entire web page. Buhait attempted to work around the limitations of HTML by using highly interactive JavaScript code, an approach that would eventually be called AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML).

Buhite recalls that Google's high volume of internal email has created "a very large need for search." The advanced search capabilities eventually led to the consideration of providing a lot of storage space, which in turn opened up the possibility of allowing users to keep their emails forever instead of deleting them to stay within the storage limit. After looking at alternatives like 100MB, the company finally settled on 1GB of space, compared to the 2-4MB that was the standard at the time.

Buchheit had been working on Gmail for about a month when he was joined by another engineer, Sanjeev Singh, with whom he co-founded social media startup FriendFeed after leaving Google in 2006. Gmail's first product manager, Brian Rakowski, first heard about the project. day at Google in 2002, fresh out of college. In August 2003, another new Google employee, Kevin Fox, was commissioned to design the Gmail interface. When the service was finally launched in April 2004, about a dozen people were working on the project.

Initially, the software was only available internally in the form of an email system for Google employees. According to Google, the software was used internally for "several years" before it was released to the general public in 2004.

public release
For most of its development, Gmail has been used by the skunkworks project, which is kept secret even from most people at Google. "It wasn't even guaranteed to launch - we said it had to hit the bar before we wanted to get anywhere," says Gmail interface designer Kevin Fox. By early 2004, however, almost everyone at Google was using Gmail to access the company's internal email system.

Gmail was announced to the public by Google on April 1, 2004 after extensive rumors about its availability during testing. With the release of April Fools, the company's press release sparked skepticism in the tech world, especially since Google was known for its April Fools' jokes like PigeonRank. However, they explained that their real joke was a press release saying they would take offshoring to the extreme by putting employees in the "Google Copernicus Center" on . Jonathan Rosenberg, Google's vice president of products, was quoted by BBC News as saying: "We take Gmail very seriously."

Even when the service was announced to the public, Google did not have the necessary infrastructure to provide millions of users with a reliable service with a gigabyte of space for each. Gmail ran on three hundred old Pentium III computers that no one wanted at Google. This was enough for the limited beta rollout planned by the company, which included inviting about 1,000 influencers and then giving them the opportunity to invite their friends and family members to become beta testers; testing began on March 21, 2004; and slowly grows from there.

Extended Beta Phase

Once it became clear that Gmail was real and not an April Fool's joke, invitations became highly desirable. While the limited introduction was out of necessity, it created an aura of exclusivity that contributed to its unexpected publicity. “Everyone wanted it even more. It was hailed as one of the best marketing decisions in the history of technology, but it was somewhat unintentional,” says Georges Harik, who was responsible for most of Google's new products at the time.

Active users from the Blogger community were offered the opportunity to participate in the beta test on April 20, and later Gmail members received "invitations" from time to time that they could send to anyone. One round of invitations was sent out on May 1st and three more invitations were sent out to all active members on June 1st. When Gmail increased the number of invitations, the nascent market for buying and selling Gmail invitations collapsed.

In the early months of the initial beta phase, Gmail's highly touted feature set and the exclusivity of accounts caused the secondary market price of Gmail invitations to skyrocket. According to PC World magazine, Gmail invitations have sold on eBay for up to US$150, with some accounts selling for several thousand dollars. After a new round of invitations in early June, the price of invitations dropped to $2-$5. Sites like Gmail Swap emerged to allow philanthropic Gmail users to gift invitations to those who wanted them. On June 28, 2004, Google amended its policy to prohibit the sale of registered accounts.

In January 2005, security experts discovered a critical flaw in the handling of Gmail messages that allowed hackers to easily access personal email from any user's Gmail account. This was posted with details on a popular technology site at 9:23 AM PST on January 12, 2005. On January 13, 2005, the Gmail developers announced that they had fixed the problem and that the security issue had been fixed. fixed. Despite Gmail's status as a beta application, some users who used Gmail as their primary email account raised concerns. On April 1, 2005, exactly one year after the first release, Gmail increased the mailbox size to 2 GB, advertising it as "2 GB plus", and introduced some other new features, including format editing, which gave users the ability to send messages in the format HTML. or plain text.

On June 7, 2005, the Gmail invitation spooler was deactivated by the site owner at the direct request of the Gmail product manager to shut it down. The service was featured in Popular Science and provided over 1.2 million Gmail accounts.

As of June 22, 2005, the Gmail canonical URI has changed from http://gmail.google.com/gmail/ to http://mail.google.com/mail/. As of November 2015, those entering the first URI were redirected to the second.

On November 2, 2006, Google began offering a mobile app version of Gmail for . In addition, Sprint has separately announced that it will make this app available from its Vision and Power Vision homepages pre-loaded on select new Sprint phones. The app provides Gmail with its own custom menu system, and the site displays attachments such as photos and documents in the app.

On January 28, 2007, Google Docs and Sheets was integrated with Gmail, providing the ability to open attached Microsoft Word DOC files directly from Gmail.

On October 24, 2007, Google announced that IMAP is available for all accounts, including Google Apps for your domain.

On June 5, 2008, Google introduced Gmail Labs.

On December 8, 2008, Google added a to-do list. When the new Tasks feature is enabled, a box appears at the top of the Gmail window. In it, users can add, reorder, and delete tasks. You can also set a due date for each action and even convert emails into tasks.

On December 12, 2008, support for PDF viewing was added to Gmail.

On February 24, 2009, Gmail experienced a two and a half hour outage affecting 100 million accounts.

On July 7, 2009, Gmail officially exited beta status in an effort to get more users into the business.

On September 1, 2009, Gmail experienced another outage for several hours.

Trademark disputes

former Google Mail logo in 2005

Google Mail logo in 2010

On July 4, 2005, Google announced that Gmail Deutschland would be renamed Google Mail. The gmail.com domain has become unavailable in Germany due to trademark disputes, in which case users should use the googlemail.com domain. From now on, visitors originating from an IP address defined as Germany will be redirected to googlemail.com where they can get an email address.

The domains are interchangeable, so users who are required to use the googlemail.com domain cannot select addresses already selected by gmail.com users. Incoming emails sent to googlemail.com or gmail.com addresses will be delivered to the user.

The naming issue in Germany stemmed from a trademark dispute between Google and Daniel Hirsch, who owns the German company G-mail, which provides a service to print email from senders and send the printout via direct mail to intended recipients. On January 30, 2007, the EU Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market ruled in favor of Gersh.

Google faked an "offer" for the same service in a Gmail Paper April Fool's Day joke in 2007. .

On April 13, 2012, Google obtained the Gmail trademark in Germany. On that day, the gmail.de domain and the Gmail trademark were taken over by Google.

In February 2007, Google filed a lawsuit against the owners of gmail.pl, a group of poets known as Grupa Młodych Artystów i Literatów, abbreviated as GMAiL (literally "Group of Young Artists and Writers"). This lawsuit was lost, but the website no longer exists.

the Russian Federation

A A Russian paid mail forwarding service called gmail.ru owns the Gmail trademark in the Russian Federation.

The domain name gmail.ru is dated January 27, 2003. The gmail.ru domain name was auctioned for $48,000. The auction ended on February 10, 2016.

United Kingdom
On October 19, 2005, Google voluntarily converted the United Kingdom version of Gmail to Google Mail due to a dispute with the British company Independent International Investment Research.

Users who signed up before switching to Google Mail were able to keep their Gmail address, although the Gmail logo was replaced with the Google Mail logo. Users who signed up after the name change get a googlemail.com address, although the sent email will still deliver it to the same location.

In September 2009, Google began rebranding UK accounts back to Gmail after resolving a trademark dispute.

On May 3, 2010, Google announced that they would begin phasing out the googlemail.com domain in the UK. Existing users will be given the option to switch to gmail.com, while new users will be given a gmail.com address by default. It also required Android phone users to perform a factory reset (requires a backup to prevent data loss) to restore phone functionality.

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