Part 3 1. Why do people throw waste materials on roads?
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1. Why do people throw waste materials on roads?
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) I think it is due to their
laziness and lack of moral responsibility towards safeguarding the environment and the beauty of the city. A large number of people are ignorant about what they are doing to the environment.
2. How can the government encourage people to keep their city clean?
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) They can conduct
awareness programs. The program must reach all kinds of people in a city. They can make
advertisements and as well as circulate videos on YouTube and Facebook. The program should tell the people the current state of the city. Also, it must project how the city will look like in another ten years if they do and don't follow cleanliness standards.
3. What do you think? Is it a good idea or a bad idea to establish limited factories in a city?
(Give a direct answer to the question) It is a very good idea to restrict the number of factories in a city. (Explain your reason or reasons) As the government is responsible for reducing global warming effects, controlling pollution, and maintaining the air quality index in a place, they should enforce strict rules in place regarding the establishment of factories.
Moral responsibility (noun) -( ma'naviy javobgarlik)the status of morally deserving praise, blame, reward, or punishment for an act or omission performed or neglected in accordance with one's moral obligations. Deciding what counts as "morally obligatory" is a principal concern of ethics.
Eg: Everyone has moral responsibility towards reducing global warming.
Standards (noun) - ( Standard)a level of quality or attainment.
Eg: Ram had set high standards for the project.
Enforce (verb) -(Majburlash) cause (something) to happen by necessity or force.
Eg: The sports committee enforced strict laws for its players.
Literacy (noun) - (Savodxonlik)the ability to read and write.
Eg: Kerala is a state which has a high literacy rate.
Disaster (noun) - (Ofat) an event or fact that has unfortunate consequences.
Eg: There are many disasters caused by releasing industrial effluents into water bodies.
7. Describe a place where you read and write(not your home).
You should say
● where it is
● how often you go there
● what you do there
● and explain how you feel about this place.
(where it is) Though I prefer to read and write at the comfort of my home, I do have one other
interesting place which is the Leeds Garden near my house. I usually go there at twilight when there are none. The garden has got securities operating both at night and day. So It is a safe place. (how often you go there) ( what you do there) I go there whenever I get up early. That is the best time to write poetry. I consider poetry to be a sudden outpour of thoughts. I should feel the urge in my hands. Whenever I visit this garden, the little flowers on the wayside seem to whisper something to me. The sweet fragrance of flowers from various trees is inviting. I choose a corner where there is a cemented chair which is surrounded by enchanting Ixora flowers. Mostly, I write poetry. The atmosphere makes me want to write one. Thoughts come one after the other in some order, and I pen them all. Later, when I look at it, I would be amazed at where the words and ideas originated from. Whenever I read a book on which the theme would be set in some English Village, the garden will seem like one. I will get absorbed in the book.(explain how you feel about this place) I think it is a magical place. It can change your mind. Creativity would pour in. The silence of the place at twilight is something divine and ideal for reading and writing poetry.
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) Children start reading and writing at the early age of 3. Some parents begin teaching even before that. Nowadays, playschools start accepting admissions at the age of two. Children are taught craftwork and basic arithmetic skills. Children are often taught with the help of toys, which makes learning fun to them.
2. What is more important, reading, or writing?
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) Well, I think you must be
able to read to write. They are intertwined. The first word a kid writes is what he learnt, probably in their own spellings. Reading improves writing. At a later stage, it is writing that builds confidence.
3. Who needs to have good writing skills?
(Give a direct answer to the question) Almost everyone in the world. (Explain your reason or
reasons) Everyone should know how to read and write a letter or compose an email, which is the basis of communication. It is a wrong notion that only poets or people involved in the literary world need writing skills. Writing improves thinking, which results in better expression. Writing paves, the way for better learning.
Playschool (noun) - (O'yin maktabi)a playgroup.
Eg: Seema put her two-year-old child in a play school.
Intertwined (verb) -( Bir-biriga bog'langan) connect or link (two or more things) closely.
Eg: Fact and fiction are intertwined in that novel.
Notion (noun) - (Millat)a conception of or belief about something.
Eg: Sita and Ram had different notions of right and wrong.
Infer (verb) - (Xulosa qilish)deduce or conclude (something) from evidence and reasoning rather than
from explicit statements.
Eg: From Galileo's theory, we can infer that it is earth that revolves around the sun.
Scribble (verb) - (Yozib qo'yish)write or draw (something) carelessly or hurriedly.
Eg: Tom scribbled the equations in his notebook.
8. Describe a friend who is a good leader
You should say,
● who this person is
● how you know them
● how they behaved
● and explain why you think they are a good leader
(who this person is) (how you know them) Some people are born influential. They have a knack of dealing with people. I believe it is inborn. Of course, there are classes conducted to inculcate leadership qualities, but not everybody becomes one. My friend in school, Susan had some special qualities, and I always admired her. We became friends from sixth grade. Her parents worked for the Central Government and were deputed to the southern part of India. So, she joined our school.’(how they behaved) She was exceptional. She was very sincere in her studies and was also very good at tennis and kho kho. Infact, she was the captain of the kho kho team. She was very helpful and was always ready to lend her notebooks when someone who was on leave asked for them.When students struggling in math approached her, she would gladly help. She never lied. She also helped the teachers carry the pile of notebooks to the staff room. She was appointed as the leaderof the class. We became thick friends and are in touch till date.(explain why you think they are a good leader) If someone could become a leader of a class in sixth grade, they could definitely become the school pupil leader in twelfth grade, and she did become one, but in another school. She could motivate people and get things done from them. She was a doer with a positive attitude. If someone could be a leader of a school, I believe that they can definitely climb the leadership ladder in any field that they choose.
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) Generally, the oldest male is the head of the family. But in cases of death of the male, the oldest female becomes head.
2. Are men better at decision making in a family?
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) Usually, older people are
considered to be good at making decisions because of their experience and wisdom. It includes older men and women in the family. Also, there is no scientific evidence that men are good decision-makers. Women are equally good at making good decisions. In fact, it depends on how much knowledge they have on a particular topic. (Give an example) For example, if the wife is a chartered accountant, she may make better decisions w.r.t making investments.
3. Do you think that in the future there will be more women leaders?
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) Women are indeed
encouraged more. As society is supportive, there may be more women leaders. Also, there are
reservations for women in every field. (Give an example) For example, corporate companies and
major investment banks have made it mandatory to have at least a few women leaders on board.
4. Should a leader discuss with team members when making decisions?
(Give a direct answer to the question) Yes, of course. (Explain your reason or reasons) Every team member must be consulted before arriving at a conclusion. But the leader should also have a hold on his/her team members. The leader must not let anyone dominate him. The leader's decision should be final; however, the opposition it may face. In fact, the leader should be able to convince everyone.
Influential (adj) - (Ta'sirli) having great influence on someone or something.
Eg: Tony was a very influential person in ABC company.
Inborn (adj) - (Tug'ma)natural to a person or animal.
Eg: Linda had an inborn talent for painting.
Captain (noun) -(Kapitan)the leader of a team, especially in sports
Eg: Jane was the captain of the basketball team.
Leadership (noun) - (Yetakchi) the action of leading a group of people or an organization.
Eg: She soon reached the leadership position in ABC company.
9. Describe the person you spend the most time with
You should say,
● who this person is?
● what kind of person he or she is?
● what you usually do together
● and explain why you spend the most time with this person.
(who this person is) I love my Dad. I spend the most time with him. Though I have moved to the UK, after my graduation, we exploit the internet to the fullest. I chat with him on WhatsApp, Skype and also over a prepaid calling card.(what kind of person he or she is) He is a warm person full of love for me. Though he is friendly, he never hesitated to advise me on important things. He would be so kind to the extent that he won't even hurt the ants that bit him hard. He never pressured me to score high marks. His helping tendency was well known in our area. He always got the best things for me, from bags to dresses and books.(what you usually do together) We used to take long walks and play carrom whenever we got together. He did pay a visit to the UK. But I could see that he had become old. Though he couldn't walk for a long time, he never complained about it. He was careful not to let me know of his
illnesses. But I figured out that his left arm had a problem.(explain why you spend the most time with this person) He is my friend and guide. I feel easy to confide anything with him. He would advise me from the bottom of his heart. His sense of humour would lighten even the toughest moment. I used to talk to him about my career plans and get his opinion on it. As a retired banker, he taught me how to invest money. And the list is never-ending.
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons)India did have a joint family system where up to three generations lived together. But it is no more in place. The latest trend is parents living in India and children living in foreign countries. After the death of one parent, the other lives separately or joins their children abroad. In cases where the children are in India, they choose an apartment near their companies, which would usually be on the outskirts of the city, while the parents will be living separately in their home in the city or town.
2. Is it important to visit family members?
(Give a direct answer to the question) Yes, it is very much important to visit family members.
(Explain your reason or reasons) Maintaining a bond with the family members is essential because the family defines our identity. They are very supportive during tough times.
3. What are the values of family in your country?
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) An Indian family is based on the core principle of sacrificing one's needs for the welfare of the family. Especially, the mother in the family is an embodiment of sacrifice. It is for this reason that women are regarded with great respect in Uzbekistan. There are also other values like respect for elders, affection towards siblings, etc. (Give an example) For example, it is very common in India for an elder brother to contribute a major share for his sister's marriage. This would be considered as his duty and will not be repaid.
Friendly (adj) - (Do'stana)kind and pleasant.
Eg: Ken was a friendly person.
Sacrifice (noun) - (Qurbonlik) The act of sacrificing something [ sacrificing (verb) - give up (something valued) for the sake of other considerations].
Eg: Sita was aware of the sacrifices that her mother made.
Duty (noun) - (Burch)a moral or legal obligation; a responsibility
Eg: Ram considered that it was his duty to provide good education to his children
10.Describe something you bought but difficult to use at first
You should say:
● What it was
● Where you bought it
● How you used it successfully and how you felt about it (What it was)
I'm going to describe an item I bought but confronted a lot of difficulties in using at first, because of certain reasons. It was a Macbook Air 2018, which I set aside a lot of money to purchase for my 20th birthday. For a student like me, the price of such a high-end product was quite exorbitant. However, everything from the chassis to the user interface was beautifully designed on a Mac, so I think it was well worth the money.
(Where you bought it)It was months ago when I visited the FPT shop and chose this laptop by myself. I remember being on cloud nine when bringing it from the store to my room. At that time, I was quite overwhelmed by the size and product variety of the store, and I wished that I could be a billionaire to buy everything there. For computer buffs, the place would truly be heaven.(How you used it successfully and how you felt about it)Excited as I was to possess such an item, I found myself experiencing certain discomfort to familiarize myself with the Mac system. The keyboard shortcuts are completely different from that of Windows. It's easy to learn Command-C instead of Control-C, but it took me quite a while to figure out there was a shortcut for deleting a file. At that time, my work was considerably hindered, and my productivity was also affected. I remember doing a thorough search about the differences between the two systems and practised using the new laptop regularly with great determination. Over time, I grew accustomed to using Mac and made use of it a great deal, so I feel a sense of accomplishment whenever I recall this experience.
PART 3: PRODUCTS
1. What kinds of products do young people think are useful but older people may not?
(Give a direct answer to the question) Well, young people are often attracted to innovative
gadgets, while older people often find them unnecessary. (Explain your reason or reasons) As
I see it, most seniors find using technological devices an arduous task. Many products and
services are not appropriate to the needs of older users, exacerbating the sense of frustration
and leading to a dependence on other people (Give an example (often a personal example)) ))
For example, my grandmother often turns to my sister and me for help with her smartphones,
because she is not familiar with the keyboards.
2. Do you think product instructions are useful for users to use products better?
(Give a direct answer to the question) Yes, I think they are. (Explain your reason or reasons) The
instruction manual is one of the most important sets of details provided to the customer. Its sole purpose is to ensure the customers uses the product properly. Clear artwork should be provided to the supplier at the time of the purchase order.
3. What do you usually do if you don't know how to use the things you have bought?
(Give a direct answer to the question) I would try to figure out how to use it instead of leaving it
behind. (Explain your reason or reasons) Normally, I would do a thorough search about the item and practice using it with great determination. Of course, I have experienced certain discomforts with complicated products, but in most cases, I managed to familiarize myself with them.
11. Describe a family member who you spend the most time with
You should say:
● Who is this person?
● What kind of person he /she is?
● What do you usually do together?
● And explain why you spend the most time with him/her?
(Who this person is)
I feel blessed to have a great family which made unparalleled contributions to help me go ahead.
Among them, my father’s impact is the most meaningful, and I treasure our quality time together.(What kind of person he /she is?)He is the person whom I love most in this world, and I consider him to be a perfect father and husband with his upbeat disposition, resourcefulness and responsibility. My father is an exemplaryperson who has led an honest life. As a high-ranking government officer, he has had many chances to pile up the riches, but he always stood by the truth and never broke the rules.(What do you usually do together?)From my childhood, he has dedicated much time to raising me with great care, affection and mentorship. When I was young, he taught me moral lessons about the world, inspirational people and values and also the necessary skills. No matter how preoccupied with work, he always tried togive wholehearted support to my education, especially with my activities at school. When we were together, hefrequently discussed plans for the future and encouraged me to challenge myself to step out of my comfort zones.(And explain why you spend the most time with him/her?)As a father, I would say he has done everything possible to raise my sister and me. He spent his entire life catering to our interests and demands. The basics of humanity and the importance of education were the values he delivered to me. We get on very well with each other, and I enjoy his company. Our times together have always been insightful and full of joy.
PART 3: FAMILY
1.What are the benefits of younger and older generations living together? How about the drawbacks?
(Give a direct answer to the question) In terms of the advantages, we can see that the presence of older family members will ease the burden of raising kids. (Explain your reason or reasons) In large families, there are more connections and interactions between family members. Besides, grandparents could also teach valuable lessons and essential manners to their children. (Give an example (often a personal example)) However, there exist some generation gaps when three generations live together, which sometimes increases the tension between family members. Nowadays, as life is becoming increasingly modernized, especially in hectic cities, only and children can live together.
2. Which do you prefer, support from family members or friends? Why?
(Give a direct answer to the question) My family. (Explain your reason or reasons) You can have many friends, but your family members are irreplaceable. Friends can come and go at different stages of your life like secondary school, high school, university, but it is your family who never abandons you no matter what happens. (Explain the opposite or alternative) Yet, your friends’ support is a crucial factor that leads to your personal growth. (Give an example (often a personal example)) From my experience, good friends are especially important during times of crisis and turbulence. When I find myself going through a hard time, my closest friend never failed to cheer me up and sailed me through both emotional and academic setbacks.
valuable [adj]:-( Qadrli) very useful or important.
Eg: The book provides valuable information on recent trends.
tension [n]:-( Kuchlanish) a situation when people do not trust each other, or feel unfriendly towards each other.
Eg: There is mounting tension in the company.
hinder [v]:(To'sqinlik qilish) to make it difficult for somebody to do something or something to happen.
Eg: There is a political situation that hinders economic growth.
12. Describe a leisure activity you do with your family
You should say
● What it is
● When you do it
● Where you do it
And explain how you feel about it (What it is):
My family fancies at cooking, and we always prefer home cooked food. We feast on weekends. However, I would like to talk about the time when my family gathered to make Chung cake for the Tet holiday.(When you do it)The Lunar New Year, or Tet, is a traditional holiday in my country. It was probably my most favourite holiday when I was a small boy as my family did a lot of activities to celebrate this occasion. Among them, making Chung cake made me excited the most. Traditionally, we always make Chung Cake 2 days before Lunar New Year.(Where you do it)We had a big yard behind our house, and it was where Chung Cake was made, from preparing ingredients, to shaping the cake. I still remember helping my parents prepare the ingredients for the cake while my older brother was in charge of shaping the cake. And then, my father lit a small fire to boil the cake overnight. It was perhaps the only time of the year when I was allowed to stay up late(And explain how you feel about it)In recent years, my family has not had enough time to make Chung cake. However, to me, a ready-made Chung cake bought from a local market cannot bring the warmth and taste of a Chung cake made from home. I hope that my family can continue the tradition in the coming years.
Part 3 questions:
1. Do men and women enjoy the same leisure activities?
I don’t think so. I believe that men and women are born with distinct characteristics and
personalities; therefore, their choices of leisure activities might also differ from each other. For
example, while men tend to be involved in sporty activities, women prefer shopping or eating out
with their friends to playing sports.
2. What types of leisure activities are popular in your country?
Well, there is undoubtedly a wide variety of hobbies in my country. I think the most popular would be travelling. For example, a getaway from the hustle and bustle of city life to coastal cities on weekends can help people relieve stress.
3. Why is it important for people to have time for leisure activities?
Spending time on leisure activities plays a vital role in shaping people’s state of health. It helps us recharge our energy after a nerve-wracking day, and avoids getting overloaded. For example, reading books when you have free time enables you to let off some steam after working under a lot of pressure.
*Feast - Bayram
Meaning: A special meal with very good food or a large meal for many people
Example: We had a feast of fresh seafood.
*Distinct - Aniq
Meaning: Clearly separate and different (from something else)
Example: The two concepts are quite distinct (from each other).
13. Describe a place you remember well that full of colour
You should say
● Where it is
● What it is like
● What it is used for
● And explain why you remember it well.
(Where it is):During my trip to Singapore last year, I had an opportunity to visit the Singapore Botanic Gardens, which was a place filled with different colours. The gardens are located quite far away from tourist traps, but very accessible by bus.(What it is like):Being the biggest botanic garden in Singapore, covering more than 74,000 square meters, it showcases Singapore’s biggest collection of flowers comprising hundreds of species with a wide variety of colours, such as red, yellow, orange, pink, or even blue, and their shades. The national flower of Singapore, which is the orchid, can be found easily in this garden. Moreover, the park’s entrance is also naturally decorated with colourful flowers.(What it is used for):The Botanic garden is an ideal spot not only for foreign visitors but also for Singapore citizens to
immerse themselves in natural beauty and get away from it all after hardworking days. You can easily see hordes of tourists going sightseeing or leisure activities conducted at this place, especially on the weekends.And explain why you remember it well Well, I think the primary reason why the memories about this place are still vivid in my mind is that it was the first time I have ever witnessed such a wide variety of colourful flowers in my life. Themoment I entered the garden, I was utterly blown away by its beauty. It was a once in a lifetimeexperience. I hope that I will have opportunities to revisit this garden.
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