Impact of just-in-time (jit) inventory system on efficiency, quality and flexibility among manufacturing sector, small and medium enterprise (smes) in South Africa Musara Mazanai


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African Journal of Business Management Vol. 6(17), pp. 5786-5791, 2 May, 2012 
Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJBM 
DOI: 10.5897/AJBM12.148 
ISSN 1993-8233 ©2012 Academic Journals 
Full Length Research Paper 
Impact of just-in-time (JIT) inventory system on 
efficiency, quality and flexibility among manufacturing 
sector, small and medium enterprise (SMEs) in South 
Africa 
Musara Mazanai 
School of Education, Department of Languages, Social and Educational Management Sciences, University of Limpopo, 
P. Bag X1106, Sovenga, 0727, South Africa. E-mail: mazanai.musara@ul.ac.za. Tel: +27 83 861 1039. 
Accepted 27 February, 2012 
The paper presents the findings of the study that was conducted to investigate the impact of 
application of Just-In-Time (JIT) inventory management system in the manufacturing sector SMEs. Self-
administered questionnaires were distributed to a sample of manufacturing sector SMEs in the food
wood and furniture, metals, non-metals and other industries. The study revealed that the majority of 
SMEs in the manufacturing sector were not applying the JIT inventory management principles. It was 
furthermore revealed that there are challenges impeding the implementation of JIT principles in the 
manufacturing sector SMEs. These challenges include lack of reliable supplier networks, lack of capital 
and lack of knowledge of immediate financial gains among others. Furthermore, statistically significant 
positive correlations between the application of JIT inventory management principles and cost 
efficiency, quality and flexibility were found. It is therefore deduced that manufacturing sector SMEs 
can benefit significantly in terms of improved quality of products, increased operational cost cuts and 

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