In linguistics, as you would expect, we talk about language quite a lot. In linguistics, as you would expect, we talk about language quite a lot


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In linguistics, as you would expect, we talk about language quite a lot.

  • In linguistics, as you would expect, we talk about language quite a lot.

  •  Normally, language does not talk about itself. Georg Gadamer , in "Man and Language", has suggested that one of the essential properties of language is that its users are ideally unaware of it. In discussing the price of petrol, people are usually unaware of the words they are speaking and hearing – the train of ideas occupies their conscious minds, or at least the concepts involved are manifested at a higher level of consciousness than the linguistic forms. But when discussing and writing about linguistics we are applying language to itself, and the train of ideas consciously moves into areas which are normally unconscious.

  • This produces some interesting effects.


Segmental phonology

  • Segmental phonology

  • Word prosody

  • Sentence prosody

  • Discourse prosody

  • Metrical prosody



Segmental phonology

  • Segmental phonology





Are phonemes “really there”?

  • Are phonemes “really there”?

  • Do illiterate language users segment language?

  • The “idealism” of phonology





Features which span more than one segment are known as suprasegmental features

  • Features which span more than one segment are known as suprasegmental features

  • Prosody as a complex of suprasegmental features









Segmental phonology

  • Segmental phonology

  • Word prosody

  • Sentence prosody

  • Discourse prosody

  • Metrical prosody



In any word, only one syllable takes the main stress.

  • In any word, only one syllable takes the main stress.

  • penny

  • deny

  • photograph

  • photography



Cockfosters

  • Cockfosters

  • Embankment

  • Edgware Road

  • Googe Street

  • Bakerloo

  • Heathrow

  • Marble Arch

  • Marylebone



Roach, chapters 10 and 11

  • Roach, chapters 10 and 11

  • Handout on Word Stress



  • Word prosody

  • Sentence prosody

  • Discourse prosody

  • Metrical prosody



Word categories (Parts of Speech)

  • Word categories (Parts of Speech)

  • Weak syllables and weak forms

  • Tone Group (Intonation Phrase)

  • Nucleus and nucleus position

  • Tones on the nucleus

  • Preheads, Heads and Tails



  • Word prosody

  • Sentence prosody

  • Discourse prosody

  • Metrical prosody



Old and new information

  • Old and new information

  • Broad and Narrow Focus

  • Deaccentuation



  • Word prosody

  • Sentence prosody

  • Discourse prosody

  • Metrical prosody



Old Germanic metre



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