?Istanbul used to be: constantinople ?Who invented the gunpowder china


Download 40.04 Kb.
Sana11.11.2021
Hajmi40.04 Kb.

  1. ?Istanbul used to be: CONSTANTINOPLE




  1. ?Who invented the gunpowder CHINA




  1. ?What was the name of the ancient Uzbekistan? MOVAROUNNAHR




  1. ?Who was Mukanna? THE REBELLION LEADER




  1. ?Islam is A MONOTHEISTIC RELIGION




  1. ?Who united the Muslims THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD




  1. ?Muhammad IS A MUSLIM PROPHET




  1. ?1453 THE TURKS ATTACKED AND CAPTURED CONSTANTINOPLE AND BYZANTIUM FELL.




  1. ?Who introduced the term Silk into science? FERDINAND VON RICHTHOFFEN




  1. ?What trade routes existed in the Middle Ages? RIVER, SEA TRAVEL




  1. ?The Great Silk Road branched off in MERV.




  1. ?What goods were carried from Central Asia? HORSES AND CAMELS.




  1. ?What goods were carried from China? SILK, GUNPOWDER, DIAMONDS




  1. ?What goods were carried from Europe? GOLDEN AND SILVER COINS.




  1. ?For what purposes was the caravanserai used? ROOMS FOR TRADERS AND TRANSSHIPMENT




  1. ?People of many professions worked for the maintenance of trade caravans as TRANSLATORS, MEDIATORS ETC.




  1. ?What was the first period of the heyday of the Great Silk Road? FROM THE II BC TO II C




  1. What was the second period of the heyday of the Great Silk Road? VII – X C




  1. What was the third period of the heyday of the Great Silk Road? XIII –XIV C




  1. ?Which empire controlled the main part of the Great Silk Road in the second quarter of the XIII century? MONGOLS EMPIRE




  1. ?Which empire controlled the main part of the Great Silk Road in the last third of the VI century? TURKIC KHAGANATE




  1. ?Which empire controlled the main part of the Great Silk Road in the last third of the XIV century? TEMURIDS EMPIRE




  1. ?What coins were used for calculations in the early Middle Ages? GOLD BYZANTINE AND SILVER SASSANIAN AND ARAB COINS




  1. ?The Great Silk Road played an important role in the development of GEOGRAPHICAL KNOWLEDGE




  1. ?What was the name of watermelon in China in the IX century? WESTERN MELON




  1. ?What was the name of pistachios in China in the IX century? NUTS OF WESTERN FOREIGNERS




  1. ?How many pieces of silk did the Chinese exchange with the Uighurs for one horse in the second half of the VII century? 4.5




  1. ?Silk used as MERCENARY, MONEY




  1. ?How much time did the traders spend to get from Kyat (Khorezm oasis) to Bukhara? 14-15 DAYS.




  1. ?Central Asian merchants were INTERMEDIARIES




  1. ?What was the main reason for the decline of the Great Silk Road? SEA TRAVEL




  1. ?What period includes the Middle age in Soviet and Russian historiography? 476 – THE END OF XV C




  1. ?What religion spread in the Middle Ages? ISLAM




  1. ?In Hebrew, Arabs are DESERT, PEOPLE OF THE STEPPE




  1. ?Before the arrival of Islam, the Arabs lived as TRIBES




  1. ?The population of Arabia was divided into 2 main types




  1. ?The sedentary Arabs were mainly engaged in AGRICULTURE




  1. ?The nomadic Arabs were mainly engaged in CATTLE BREEDING




  1. ?Bedouins are THE NOMADS OF ARABIA, BADV




  1. ?Bedouin derived from the BADV (PEOPLE OF THE STEPPE)




  1. ?Bedouin's lifestyle was distinguished by HIGH MOBILITY




  1. ?What was the transport of the Great Silk Road in the Middle Ages? CAMELS




  1. ?Pre-Islamic period called JAHILLIYAH




  1. ?Jahilliyah means TIME OF IGNORANCE




  1. ?There were no WOMEN’S RIGHTS in Arab society in the pre-Islamic period




  1. ?What was the dominant tribe in Makkah? QURAYSH




  1. ?Yathrib used to be: MEDINA




  1. ?What was the name of the Jewish tribe on the Arab Peninsula?QAYNUQAA, NADHEER




  1. ?Polytheism is BELIEVING IN MANY GODS




  1. ?The idols was made from WOOD AND STONE




  1. ?When was Prophet Muhammad born? 570




  1. ?Who was the uncle of the prophet Muhammad? ABU TALIB




  1. ?Who was the grandfather of the prophet Muhammad? ABDULMUTALIB




  1. ?Hijrah means EMIGRATION OR RESETTLEMENT




  1. ?When the Prophet Muhammad moved from Mecca to Yathrib(Medina)? IN 622




  1. ?Caliph means SUCCESSOR, FOLLOWER




  1. ?Who was the first Rashidun Caliph? ABU BAKR




  1. ?Who was the second Rashidun Caliph? UMAR




  1. ?Who was the third Rashidun Caliph? UTHMAN




  1. ?Who was the fourth Rashidun Caliph? ALI




  1. ?”Amir al-mu’minin” means COMMANDER OF THE BELIEVERS




  1. ?At the very beginning of Uthman’s reign, he relied almost exclusively on people from UMAYADS




  1. ?In 650, Under the leadership of Uthman, the Arab Caliphate spread to MODERN IRAN AND SOME AREAS OF KHORAZM




  1. ?All parts of Arabia gradually came under the control of Muslims during the two-year reign of ABU BAKR




  1. ?What was considered the beginning of Muslim rule? DIVAN




  1. ?Ctesiphon was the capital of SASSANID EMPIRE




  1. ?Who was Abu Sufyan’s son? MU’AVIYAH




  1. ?Who was the founder of the Umayyad dynasty? MU’AVIYAH




  1. ?The Battle of Siffin was IN 657, BETWEEN ALI AND MU’AVIYAH




  1. ?661 ALI WAS WOUNDED BY A KHARIJITE NAMED IBN MULJAM




  1. ?608 MU’AVIYAH WAS BORN IN MECCA




  1. ?The Umayyad Caliphate continued the conquering policy of THE RASHIDUN CALIPHATE.




  1. Where the Kubbat(Qubbat) al-Sakhra Mosque was built? IN JERUSALEM.




  1. ?Who raised the taxes and introduced new ones in the Arab Caliphate CALIPH HISHAM.




  1. ?Who was the first caliph of the Abbasid dynasty? ABUL-ABBAS AS-SAFFAH




  1. ?After the establishment of the Abbasid dynasty in power, last Umayyad caliph Marwan II managed to rule the west of the caliphate for ALMOST 6 MONTHS




  1. ?The period of Abbasid power included 750-681




  1. ?The period of decline of the Abbasid dynasty included 861-946




  1. ?what period included the Abbasid caliphate under the rule of Buids? 946-1075




  1. ?what period included the Abbasid caliphate under the rule of Seljukids? 1075-1258




  1. ?Which dynasty did establish the position of “vizier” in the Arab Caliphate? ABBASID




  1. ?Qutaybah ibn Muslim almost completed the conquest of the southern part of the Central Asia region FROM 705-715




  1. ?The Talas Battle was a military engagement between TANG CHINA AND ABBASID ARAB CALIPHATE.




  1. ?How many slaves did Qutayba ibn Muslim take out of the Central Asian region? 100 THOUSAND




  1. ?Who ordered the residents of Bukhara to give half of their houses to the Arabs? QUTAYBAH




  1. ?How much did Qutaybah ibn Muslim pay the people who came to pray? 2 DIRHAMS




  1. ?What was an important part of the policy of the Arab Caliphate in Central Asia? THE CONSTRUCTION OF MUSLIM MOSQUES




  1. ?when was the first madrasah built in Bukhara? IN 736




  1. ?What is the land of Waqf? TRANSFERRED FOR TEMPORARY OR PERMANENT USE TO VARIOUS MUSLIM RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS




  1. ?The state land in the Arab Caliphate was MOST EXTENSIVE LAND WHERE PEASANTS LIVED AND WORKED



  1. ?The private land in the Arab Caliphate was BELONGED TO RULING DYNASTY, HIGHEST CLERGY




  1. ?Zakat ANNUAL TAX FOR THE POOR, NEEDY, PROMOTION OF ISLAM




  1. ?Kharaj LAND TAX




  1. ?Jizya TAX FOR NON-MUSLIMS




  1. ?Ushr 1/10 OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS




  1. ?Who was Abu Muslim? A REVOLUTION LEADER




  1. ?747 UPRISING IN THE OASIS OF MERV




  1. ?Who converted to Islam after the initial resistance? UMAYAD: ABY-SUFYAN




  1. ?Abbasid dynasty descended from ABBAS (MUHAMMAD’S UNCLE)




  1. ?Who promised the people to reduce taxes, stop violent measures and make life easier for peasants and townspeople on the lands conquered by the Arabs AUTHORITIES:ABBAS




  1. ?What was Mukanna's real name? HASHIM IBN HAKIM




  1. ?Who was the masked man? MUKANNA




  1. ?Since the reign Harun ar-Rashid (786-806), Transoxiana was mainly ruled by THE LOCAL NOBILITY




  1. ?821 TAHIR IBN HUSAYN – GOVERNOR OF KHORASAN




  1. ?Who was Saman Khudat? LANDOWNER




  1. ?The term "Revival (Renaissance)" is associated with the flowering of culture in Europe, which started in ITALY




  1. ?When did the Renaissance in Central Asia begin? 500 YEARS EARLIER THAN IN EUROPE




  1. ?What period included the Golden Age? VIII-XIII C




  1. ?Early Islamic philosophy began IN EARLY 9TH C- LATE 12TH C AD




  1. ?Who founded Bayt al-Hikmah? HARUN-AL-RASHID




  1. ?Bayt al-Hikmah means HOUSE OF WISDOM




  1. ?In Bayt-al-Hikmah, scholars were mandated to gather and translate all of the world's classical works into ARABIC




  1. ?"Bayt al-Hikmah" reached its peak of greatness during the reigns of HARUN-AL-RASHID AND AL-MA’MUN




  1. ?During the reign of Al-Ma'mun, large books were brought to Bayt-al-Hikmah from GREECE, INDIA, IRAN AND MARWA



  1. ?Bayt al-Hikmah included LARGE LIBRARY, SPECIAL ROOMS(TRANSLATION, WRITING, COPYING)




  1. ?Bayt al-Hikmah was the first ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY




  1. ?Al-Ma'mun paid great attention to translation work, in some cases, giving them gold in the amount equal to THE WEIGHT OF THE BOOKS




  1. ?Muhammad Al-Khwarizmi, Axmad al-Farghani, Abu Mansour, Habash al-Hasib al-Marwazi and Al-Abbas al-Jawhariy and other scholars from Central Asia worked at the Bayt al-Hikma during the reign AL-MA’MUN




  1. ?What was the main scientific work of al-Khorezmi? TRIGONOMETRY AND ALGEBRA




  1. By what name was Abu Nasr Farabi known? THE SECOND TEACHER AFTER ARISTOTLE




  1. ?Who founded the Academy of Khorezmshah Mamun? MAMUN IBN MUHAMMAD




  1. ?What was the motto of the Khorezm Mamun Academy? SCIENCE FOR THE GOOD OF HUMANITY




  1. ?1004 LUNAR ECLIPSE




  1. ?The Central Asian Renaissance is divided into 2 stages.




  1. ?What period covered the first stage of the revival of Central Asia? IX-XII C




  1. ? What period covered the second stage of the revival of Central Asia? XIII- XV C




  1. ?The second stage of Central Asian Revival called THE TIMURIDS’ ERA




  1. ?Historian Hilda Hookham noted THE EMERGENCE OF CENTRAL ASIA.




  1. ?What material played a significant role in buildings in Central Asia in the X century? WOOD




  1. ?What was the most greatness building of the IX-X centuries in Bukhara. MAUSOLEUM OF ISMAIL SAMANI




  1. ?1127 THE KALON MINARET




  1. ?The diameter of the Kalon minaret is 9 METERS




  1. ?The height of the Kalon minaret is 46.5 METERS




  1. ?1000 BIRUNI MIGRATED TO GURGAN




  1. ?1010 BIRUNI CAME TO MAMUN ACADEMY IN KHORAZM




  1. ?By what name was Ibn Sina known? AVICENNA




  1. ?Qabus ibn Vashmgir offered al-Beruni the position of VIZIR




  1. ?Who wrote Kitab-al-Hind? AL-BIRUNI




  1. ?Who created a globe? AL-BIRUNI




  1. ?What is the name of Ibn Sina's famous multi-volume work? CANON OF MEDICAL SCIENCE




  1. ?The Byzantine Empire reached its peak during the reign JUSTINIAN I




  1. ?555 ITALY WAS CONQUERED BY JUSTINIAN I




  1. ?1071 THE BATTLE OF MANTZIKERT




  1. ?The Battle of Ankara is BETWEEN OTTOMANS AND TEMURIDS




  1. ?The Battle of Ankara delayed the end of the Byzantine Empire to HALF A CENTURY




  1. ?What period is estimated as the time of the highest flowering of Byzantium? THE 2ND HALF OF THE IX – FIRST QUARTER OF THE XI C



  1. ?The construction work of the Church of St. Sophia was carried out for 5 YEARS



  1. ?Who blocked the way across the Bosphorus by building a fortress in Europe? MEHMED II




  1. ?During the reign of Emperor Basil II, the territory of Byzantium reached 1100-1300 THOUSAND KM2




  1. ?Church of St. Sophia was turned into MOSQUE



Download 40.04 Kb.

Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:




Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2020
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling