Julio-Claudian Dynasty The Power in Rome


Download 460 b.
Sana16.02.2017
Hajmi460 b.


Julio-Claudian Dynasty


The Power in Rome



Augustus

  • Ruled 27BC – AD14

  • Grandnephew of Julius Caesar.

  • First ruled in 1st Triumvirate.

  • Took control after defeat of Mark Anthony (Cleopatra); Marcus Agrippa’s victory at Actium 31BC.

  • Succeeded by Tiberius.



Emperor Augustus

  • Emperor Augustus

  • Ruled 27BC – AD14



Julia

  • Daughter of Augustus

  • 39BC-AD14

  • Wife of 1) Marcellus 2) Marcus Agrippa 3) Tiberius.

  • Children 1) Gaius 2) Julia the younger 3) Lucius 4) Agrippina 5) Agrippa postumus.

  • Banished by Augustus for immoral behaviour.



Family Group

  • Julia the elder

  • Children 1) Gaius 2) Julia the younger 3) Lucius 4) Agrippina 5) Agrippa postumus.



Gaius Caesar

  • 20BC – AD4

  • Son of Julia & Marcus Agrippa.

  • 17 BC, adopted by Augustus - Prince of Youth"("princeps iuventutis")

  • Husband to Livilla.

  • Died of Battle wounds – Artageria (Armenia).

  • Death led to Augustus making Tiberius and Postumus his heirs.



Lucius Caesar

  • 17BC – AD2

  • Son of Julia & Marcus Agrippa.

  • 17 BC, adopted by Augustus - Prince of Youth"("princeps iuventutis")

  • Drowned at Marseilles – Tacitus claimed foul play !



Agrippa postumus.

  • Son of Julia & Marcus Agrippa

  • Adopted by Augustus after the deaths of his elder brothers.

  • the young, physically tough, indeed brutish, Agrippa Postumus. Though devoid of every good quality, he had been involved in no scandal – Tacitus

  • Banished by Augustus in AD9 and executed by his guards around the time of Augustus’ death.



Vipsania Julia the younger

  • 19BC - AD29

  • Daughter of Julia & Marcus Agrippa.

  • Married to Paullus

  • Seutonius claims that she built a large, pretentious house, which Augustus had demolished (overdone)

  • 9AD exiled by Augustus for immorality or conspiracy ?

  • Paullus executed for conspiracy.



Agrippina the elder

  • 14BC-33AD

  • Daughter of Julia & Marcus Agrippa.

  • Wife of Germanicus.

  • Children: Nero, Drusus, Caligula, Agrippina(younger), Julia Drusilla & Julia Livilla.

  • Agrippina in audience with Tiberius, accused Piso of Germanicus’ murder.

  • Sejanus’ plot led to her suicide.



Claudian Family Group

  • Livia Drusilla

  • 58BC – AD29

  • Sons through marriage to Tiberius Claudius Nero – Tiberius and Drusus



Livia (wife of Augustus)

  • Livia Drusilla

  • 58BC – AD29

  • Sons (through previous marriage (to Tiberius Claudius Nero) – Tiberius and Drusus



Tiberius

  • Eldest son of Livia.

  • Emperor from 14 – 37AD.

  • Son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla.

  • Adopted heir of Augustus

  • Pliny the Elder called him tristissimus hominum, "the gloomiest of men."

  • Succeeded by Caligula

  • Children



Drusus the younger

  • 13BC – 23AD

  • Son of Tiberius and Vipsania.

  • Married to Livilla.

  • Children Julia & Tiberius Germellus.

  • Removed from succession by Augustus’ order that Tiberius adopt Germanicus.

  • AD 21 appointed consul by Tiberius.



Family Group

  • Drusus the younger

  • 13BC – 23AD

  • Son of Tiberius and Vipsania.

  • Married to Livilla.

  • Children Julia & Tiberius Germellus.

  • AD 21 appointed consul by Tiberius.



Drusus the elder

  • 38BC – AD9

  • Youngest son of Livia

  • Great General, began the Germania Campaign.

  • Seutonius reports that he refused to return to Rome shortly before his death.

  • Children 1) Germanicus 2) Claudius 3) Livilla



Family Group

  • Drusus the elder

  • 38BC – AD9

  • Youngest son of Livia

  • Children 1) Germanicus 2) Claudius 3) Livilla



Germanicus

  • 15BC – AD19

  • Eldest son of Drusus.

  • Husband of Agrippina the elder.

  • Children Nero, Drusus, Caligula, Agrippina, Julia Drusilla & Julia Livilla.

  • Avenged defeat of Teutoborg Forest – campaigns in Germania & Asia made him hugely popular

  • Augustus compelled Tiberius to adopt as son and name as heir.

  • Tacitus blames Tiberius for his death.



Claudius

  • 10BC - AD54

  • Youngest son of Drusus.

  • Maternal Grandfather – Mark Anthony.

  • Uncle of Caligula.

  • Ruled from AD41.



Livilla

  • 13BC - AD31

  • Wife to 1) Gauis 2) Drusus (Tiberius son)

  • Lover of Sejanus.

  • Alleged to have helped Sejanus poison Drusus.



Family group

  • Germanicus

  • 15BC – AD19

  • Eldest son of Drusus.

  • Children Nero, Drusus, Caligula, Agrippina, Julia Drusilla & Julia Livilla.

  • Augustus compelled Tiberius to adopt as son and name as heir.



Family Group

  • Claudius

  • 3rd wife.



Family Group

  • Claudius (4th marriage).

  • Possibly murdered by Agrippina the younger (wife).

  • Replaced by her son Nero – the last Julio-Claudian Emperor.



Caligula

  • Gauis Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus

  • ‘Little Soldiers Boot’

  • Emperor 37-41AD

  • www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNwLDsOcG_0



Agrippina the younger

  • 15-59AD

  • Survived Sejanus’ plots unlike mother & brothers Nero & Drusus.

  • Gained some power when brother Caligula became Emperor.

  • Son Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus – Nero

  • 39 AD exiled over failed plot on Caligula.

  • Returned to later marry Claudius.



Emperor Nero

  • 37 -68AD

  • Emperor 54-68AD at 17.

  • Heir to Claudius

  • Executed mother – Agrippina the younger

  • Boudica Revolt

  • Burning of Rome

  • Committed suicide.




Download 460 b.

Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:




Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2020
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling