Lecture 1 (15. 9): The Main Characteristics of the Norwegian System of Government


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Lecture 1 (15.9): The Main Characteristics of the Norwegian System of Government

  • Lecture 1 (15.9): The Main Characteristics of the Norwegian System of Government

  • Lecture 2 (22.9): Norway and European Integration – A Constitutional Perspective

  • Lecture 3 (29.9): The Judiciary and Judicial Review

  • Lecture 4 (13.10): The protection of human rights in Norwegian law.



The separation of powers in Norway (summary)

  • The separation of powers in Norway (summary)

  • The Parliament

  • The Executive

  • Parliamentarism in Norway

  • Other aspects of the relationship between Parliament and Government





Elections

  • Elections

  • Composition and organisation

  • Functions

  • Procedures







Monocamerism: From two Chambers to one

  • Monocamerism: From two Chambers to one

  • The organisation of the Storting



The Standing Committees

  • The Standing Committees

  • Business and Industry - Aasland, TerjeTerje Aasland, Labour

  • Education, Research and Church Affairs - Aasen, MarianneMarianne Aasen, Labour

  • Energy and the Environment - Sande, ErlingErling Sande, Centre

  • Family and Cultural Affairs - Gjul, Gunn KarinGunn Karin Gjul, Labour

  • Finance and Economic Affairs - Micaelsen, TorgeirTorgeir Micaelsen, Labour

  • Foreign Affairs and Defence - Søreide, Ine Marie EriksenIne Marie Eriksen Søreide, Conservative

  • Health and Care Services - Høie, BentBent Høie, Conservative

  • Justice - Sandberg, PerPer Sandberg, Progress

  • Labour and Social Affairs - Eriksson, Robert- Robert Eriksson, Progress

  • Local Government and Public Administration - Holmås, Heikki- Heikki Holmås Socialist, Left

  • Scrutiny and Constitutional Affairs - Anundsen, Anders- Anders Anundsen, Progress

  • Transport and Communications - Hareide, Knut Arild- Knut Arild Hareide, Christian Democratic



The Enlarged Committee on Foreign Affairs consists of members of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defence, the presidium and the parliamentary leaders. The committee discusses important issues related to foreign affairs, trade policy and national safety with the government. Discussions are confidential.

  • The Enlarged Committee on Foreign Affairs consists of members of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defence, the presidium and the parliamentary leaders. The committee discusses important issues related to foreign affairs, trade policy and national safety with the government. Discussions are confidential.

  • The European Committee consists of the members of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defence and the parliamentary delegation to the European Economic Area (EEA) and the European Free Trade Area (EFTA). The committee conducts discussions with the government regarding directives from the European Union.

  • The Election Committee consists of 37 members, and is responsible for internal elections within the parliament, as well as delegating and negotiating party and representative allocation within the presidium, standing committees and other committees.

  • The Preparatory Credentials Committee has 16 members and is responsible for approving the election.



The parliament has three main functions or powers:

  • The parliament has three main functions or powers:

    • The legislative power
    • The budgetary power
    • The supervisory (control) power
  • Parliamentary delegations established by the Storting:

  • The Delegation for Arctic Cooperation

  • The Delegation for Relations with the European Parliament

  • The Delegation to EFTA and EEA Parliamentary Committees

  • The Delegation to the Assembly of the Western European Union

  • The Delegation to the Inter-Parliamentary Union

  • The Delegation to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly

  • The Delegation to the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly

  • The Norwegian delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

  • The Storting's Delegation to the Nordic Council



  • THE LEGISLATIVE PROCEDURE

  • The initiative stage

  • The proposition to the Storting (Bill)

  • The committee stage

  • Consideration in plenary session

  • The intervention of the King in Council





The Government’s proposition

  • The Government’s proposition

  • Party work on the fiscal budget

  • The Presidium’s task

  • The Budget Recommendation of the Standing Committee on Finance

  • The annual budget debate in the Storting and the vote of the Storting’s Resolution on budget ceilings

  • Work in standing committees

  • Debate and vote in the Storting of the final budget resolution



The “Executive”: The King and the Cabinet (Kongen og regjeringen)

  • The “Executive”: The King and the Cabinet (Kongen og regjeringen)

  • The administration (forvaltningen)

      • The central administration
      • The regional administration
  • A short overview of the “upstream” and “downstream” functions of the Executive

    • a. “Upstream” functions
    • b. “Downstream” functions
    • c. Royal Prerogatives (kongelige prerogativer)


The King

  • The King

  • King Harald V

  • Source: http://www.kongehuset.no/aim/kongehuset/16/54/storage/file.image.jpg/Scale?geometry=372%3Ex454%3E



Government Stoltenberg II

  • Government Stoltenberg II



Composition

  • Composition

  • The Norwegian Council of State – The ”King in Council”

  • Government conferences

  • Documents published by the Government or the Ministries

      • Draft resolutions and bills (Prop.)
      • White papers (Meld.St.)
      • [Acts and] regulations (forskrift)
      • Circular (rundskriv)
      • Norwegian Official Reports (NOU)
      • Reports and plans
      • Guidelines and brochures


  • The ”upstream” functions

  • The ”downstream” functions

  • The royal prerogatives

  • We can distinguish between:

  • Political prerogatives: articles 12, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26 of the Constitution

  • Personal prerogatives: articles 23, 24, 36 of the Constitution.



Negative parliamentarism in Norway

  • Negative parliamentarism in Norway

  • a. Positive parliamentarism

  • b. Negative parliamentarism

  • c. Contract parliamentarism

  • d. Minority parliamentarism

  • e. Majority parliamentarism

  • 2. The main characteristics of Norwegian parliamentarism before and after 2007/2009

  • 3. Consequences



Parliamentary control or supervision of the Executive: Other kinds of control

  • Parliamentary control or supervision of the Executive: Other kinds of control

  • a. Debates

  • b. Questions and interpellations (spørsmål og interpellasjoner)

  • c. The Committee on Scrutiny and Constitutional Affairs, and other Standing Committees

  • d. The Office of the Auditor General (Riksrevisjonen)

  • e. The Parliamentary Ombudsman (Stortingets ombudsmann or sivilombudsmann)

  • f. Review of treaties and cooperation agreements

  • g. Riksretten [ See Lecture 3.]

  • 2. Delegated legislation




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