Lesson 18 Political and International Events Siyosiy va Xalqaro Voqealar
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Political and International Events
Siyosiy va Xalqaro Voqealar
This lesson will introduce you to:
- Vocabulary associated with politics and international issues.
- How they are reported in Uzbekistani news.
- How to read and understand political events written in Uzbek newspapers.
Uzbekistan is a country of 26,000,000 which declared independence from the Soviet Union in
September 1991. Its only ruling party, the Communist Party, changed its name to the People’s
Democratic Party and announced a transition to a parliamentary system.
However, the country is actually a dictatorship with the president, Islam Karimov, executing
absolute personal control within the executive branch and usurping the prerogatives of the
legislative and judicial branches through the National Security Service (NSS – the renamed KGB
with 125,000 officers), the Ministry of Interior (MOI with 1,700,000 uniformed policemen) and
the military (35,000 soldiers and officers). After fifteen years of independence people saw
nothing but a consolidation of power by a president who has continued to rule since he was the
First Secretary of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan, running in the presidential elections
unopposed and routinely staging referendums on the extension of his term in office and
amending the constitution.
The only four political parties in the country were all created by the president’s directive and are
tightly controlled by NSS with all local functionaries’ appointments cleared by the president
himself. The government does not allow private ownership of land and other means of
production. As a result the country is in dire straights with 4,000,000 people working abroad in
Russia and elsewhere. Unemployment is 62% and up to 80% in rural areas of certain provinces.
The regime indiscriminately suppresses all kinds of activism and religious freedom, employing
bogus criminal cases against protesters as a rule and using torture, which has led to the
emergence of the radical Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan - IMU and Hizb ut-Tahrir (Arabic for
“ the Party of Scripture”) HUT. The IMU is considered eliminated as a fighting force and Hizb
ut-Tahrir is a self-proclaimed nonviolent organization headquartered in London, after being
banned in Uzbekistan. Both are on the US terrorist organizations list.
1. Familiarize yourself with the political terms.
Term of office
2. Listen to and read the following statements. While reading, note the use of the new
The Iraqi leader
The Russian officials
The South African government
Janubiy Afrikaning hukumati
Middle East Conflict
Yaqin Sharq To’qnashuvi
The war in Iraq
Radikal siyosiy partiya
The President of the United States is George Bush.
Amerika Qo’shma Shtatlari Presidenti Jorj Bushdir.
Japan and Great Britain have prime ministers.
Yaponiya va Buyuk Britaniyaning bosh ministrlari bor.
This was the first political election in that country.
Bu o’sha mamlakatning birinchi siyosiy saylovi edi.
Human rights are a very important issue in the world today.
Inson huquqlari bugungi dunyoda juda muhim masaladir.
To vote in Uzbek is ovoz ber-, to elect is sayla-. Elections is saylov. To go to war – urush
qil-. Combat – jang. Bosh+liq from bosh-head = leader. Press, radio and TV in Uzbekistan are
state owned and censored and nothing outside of approved text is ever published or aired. There
are a few daily and weekly papers that are partially privately held, most notably Tasvir (image)
and Hordiq (leisure) who publish exclusively social and showbiz gossip. International and
domestic reporting is reduced to ridiculously flattering coverage of the president’s trips abroad or
of him meeting other nation’s leaders and businessmen, always to the tremendous advantage of
the Uzbek nation. Domestic affairs are covered strictly in terms of “the government is always
right” and whatever it does is “for the good of the country”.
3. Listen to and read the following news report from Uzbekistan. Then answer the
questions that follow.
Jahon Savdo Tashkilotiga kirish O'zbekiston siyosiy irodasiga bog'liq
O’zbekiston Jahon Savdo Tashkilotiga kirish uchun 1994 yilda murojaat qilgan, lekin bu harakat
hozirgacha boshlang’ich darajada qolmoqda. Mutaxassislarga ko’ra, O’zbekistonning Jahon
Savdo Tashkilotiga qo’shilish jarayoni hukumatning siyosiy irodasiga bog’liq.
AQSh Xalqaro Taraqqiyot Agentligining Jahon Savdo Tashkilotiga a`zo bo`lisihda texnik
ko`mak ko`rsatish loyihasi direktori Umida Haqnazarga ko’ra, O`zbekiston va Jahon Savdo
Tashkiloti o`rtasidagi muzokaralarni to'xtab qolgan deb bo`lmaydi.
Mutaxassislar O’zbekiston JST qo’shilish jaryoni to’grisida nima deyapti?
Umida Haqnazar kim?
O`zbekiston va Jahon Savdo Tashkiloti o`rtasidagi muzokaralarni to'xtab qolganmi?
4. Work in small groups. Pretend that you are a crew working for a news program.
Come up with a short description of a political event. Use the questions from Exercise 3 as
an outline for your report.
5. Work in a small group or with a partner. Go over the information on the political
system in Uzbekistan one more time. Recall the information in Uzbek.
Report to your teacher and to the class.
O’zbekiston Respublikasi Davlat Bayrog’i va
6. Read the information about Uzbekistan. Answer the questions.
O’zbekiston o’rta osiyoda joylashgan va ikki marta yer bilan o’rab olingan. Janubiy chegarasi
Amudaryodir. O’zbekistonning janubi Afg’onistonning Mozori Sharif viloyati bilan
chegaradoshdir. Mamlakatning yagona porti Termiz shahrida joylashgan. O’zbekistonning
boshqa katta daryolaridan biri Sirdaryodir. Bu daryo O’zbekistonning shimoliy chegarasini
tashkil etadi. Mamlakatning aholisining ko’pchiligi Farg’ona vodiyida yashaydi.
O’zbekistonning ko’pchiligi cho’l va sahrolardan iborat. To’rt ming ikki yuz to’qson toqqiz
metrli Beshtor tog’i Pskem tog’larida joylashgan.
1. O’zbekiston qayerda joylashgan?
2. O’zbekistonning janubida qaysi mamlakat bilan chegaradosh?
3. Bu mamlakatning ikki eng katta daryosining nomlarini bilasizmi?
4. Mamlakatning aholisining ko’pchiligi qayerda yashaydi?
5. O’zbekistonning ko’pchiligi nimadan iborat*?
*nimadan iborat? – what does it consist of?
7. Listen to the speaker and follow along in your book.
Buyuk Britaniya/Buyuk Britaniyalik
South Africa/South African Janubiy Afrika/Janubiy Afrikalik
Janubi G’arbiy Osiyo
Janubi Sharqiy Osiyo
with the few exceptions being traditional Arabic names of countries (see list above)
8. Listen to and read the dialogues about nationality. Note the ways to determine
Are you from Syria?
No, I’m from Egypt. I’m an Egyptian.
Are you American?
No, I’m Canadian.
Yo’q men Kanadalikman.
What are you?
Sizning millatingiz nima?
Where are you from?
I’m from India. I’m Indian.
Men Hindustondanman. Men Hindustonlikman.
Are you Indonesian?
Yes, I’m Indonesian. I live in Jakarta.
Ha, men Indoneziyalikman. Men Jakartada
Are you from Afghanistan?
I live in Afghanistan, but I am originally a Pakistani.
Men Afg’onistonda yashayman, lekin asli
9. Create questions in Uzbek that are appropriate to the answers provided. Check your
work with the answer key.
1. - …………………………..?
- Yes, I’m Vietnamese.
Ha, men Vyetnamlikman.
2. - ……………………………?
- No, I’m not American. I’m Canadian.
Yo’q, men Amerikalik emasman. Men Kanadalikman.
3. - …………… or ……………..?
- I live in Pakistan, but I’m originally Afghani.
Men Pokistonda yashayman, lekin asli Afg’onman.
4. - ……………………………..?
- Yes, we are Iraqis.
Ha, biz Eroqlikmiz.
the word that you hear. Check your answers with the answer key.
1. Translate the following headlines into English. Check your work with the answer key.
1. Xitoy Markaziy Osiyo mamlakatlari bilan yo’llar qurishni rejalamoqda.
2. O’zbekiston Mudofaa Vazirligining Xalqaro Bo`limining sobiq rahbari josuslik bilan ayblanib,
15 yillik qamoq jazosiga mahkum qilingan.
3. O'zbekistonlik inson huquqlari himoyachisiga xalqaro sovrin berildi.
4. Andijonlik havaskor rejissyor AQShda ikkinchi filmini yaratmoqda.
5. Oq Saroyda Rossiya Federatsiyasi Prezidenti Vladimir Putin Yurtboshimiz bilan uchrashdi.
2. Listen to and read the following news report from Uzbekistan, then answer the
questions that follow.
Bugun Andijon shahrida xalq dushmanlari ertalab soat ikkida Ichki Ishlar Vazirligi qurol
omboriga hujum qildilar. Terroristlar Andijon shahri qamoqxonasining qorovullari bilan jang
qilib, uch nafar miltsioner o’ldirdilar va o’z tarafdorlarini va bir necha boshqa jinoyatchilarni
ozod qildilar. Presidentimizning farmoniga binoan va bevosita rahbarligi ostida Andijonda
qahramon militsiya va armiya a’zolari terroristlar va xalq dushmanlariga qarshi jang qilib, g’olib
chiqdilar. Terroristlar va xalq dushmanlarining hammasi qo’lga tushdi va qamoqxonaga
tashlandi. Lekin terroristlarning bir nechtasi qo’shni davlat Qirg’izistonga qochib ketishga
1.What was attacked in Andijan?
2. Who was freed from prison?
3.What was the president’s role in the conflict?
4. Did anybody die in the conflict?
5. Who was put into prison?
6. Who fled to the neighboring country?
3. Work with a partner or in a small group. From the list of the countries above, choose
one and give a briefing on its location and political system. Pretend that you are giving a
press conference. Your classmates will role-play the news reporters by asking you
The following questions may help you in your work:
1. Does this country have a president? Who is the current president?
2. How many political parties are there in this country?
3. Is there a war in this country now?
4. Does this country have a parliament?
5. Is there a democracy in this country?
6. Does this country have a prime minister?
7. Is the leader of this country a dictator?
8. Is this country a republic?
9. What is a specific geographical feature of this country?
term of office
Uzbekistan entry to the World Trade Organization tied with political will of the government.
By Malik Mansur from Tashkent 6/19/06
Uzbekistan applied for access to WTO in 1994 yet until now this move is still at the beginning
stage. According to experts the process of joining the WTO by Uzbekistan is tied to the political
will of the government. According to Umida Haqnazar, Director of the Technical Assistance
Project, and member of the United States Agency for International Development, discussions
between WTO and Uzbekistan did not stop.
When did Uzbekistan apply for membership in the WTO? Uzbekistan appied for
membership in WTO in 1994.
admission process is tied to the political will of the government.
Who is Umida Haqnazar? Umida Haqnazar is the Director of the Technical Assistance
and Uzbekistan did not stop.
Uzbekistan is situated in Central Asia and
is doubly landlocked. Its southern border is the Amu Darya
River. The country’s south also
borders on Afghanistan’s Mazar-i Sharif province. Uzbekistan’s
only active port is Termez. Another of Uzbekistan’s big rivers is the Sir Darya. This river forms
the northern border of Uzbekistan. Most of the nation’s population lives in the Ferghana valley.
Most of the country is semi-desert and desert. The14,104-foot (4,299-metre) Beshtor Peak is
located in the Pskem Mountains.
1. Uzbekistan is located in Central Asia.
2. Afghanistan is on the southern border of Uzbekistan.
3. Uzbekistan has two big rivers: Amudarya and Syrdarya.
4. The highest population density in Uzbekistan is in the Fergana Valley.
5. Most of Uzbekistan is semi desert and desert with the highest peak in the Pskem mountain
range, reaching 14,104 ft.
1. Are you Vietnamese?
2. Are you American?
3. Are you Pakistani?
4. Are you Iraqis?
1. Member countries of Shanghai Cooperation Organization must build 25 major roads to China.
2. Former Head of the International Department of the Defense Ministry of Uzbekistan is
sentenced to 15 years on espionage charges.
3. Uzbekistani human rights defender is given an international award.
4. Wheat Harvest Plan of 2006 is completed!
Today in Andijan at 2am enemies of the people attacked the Ministry of Internal Affairs armory.
They battled with the prison guard and killed three policemen and freed their accomplices along
with several other criminals. According to the president’s order and under his direct supervision
heroic members of the police and military fought terrorists and enemies of the people and
emerged victorious. All of the terrorists and enemies of the people were captured and put into
jail. However, a few of the terrorists escaped to the neighboring nation of Kyrgyzstan.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs armory was attacked in Andijan.
The accomplices of terrorists and enemies of the state were freed from prison.
The President was in charge of the military and police in the conflict.
Three policemen were killed.
Terrorists and enemies of the people were put into prison.
Enemies of the people and terrorists fled to the neighboring country.
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