Little support 1924-28 kpd little support 1924-28


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The rise of the extremist parties






KPD

  • Little support 1924-28



KPD

  • Little support 1924-28

  • Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund



Ernst Thälmann



KPD



„Bloody May“ 1929



KPD

  • Little support 1924-28

  • Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund

  • Loyal to Moscow and Comintern

  • Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929



KPD

  • Little support 1924-28

  • Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund

  • Loyal to Moscow and Comintern

  • Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929

  • Members:

  • 1930: 130,000

  • 1932: 300,000



KPD NSDAP

  • Little support 1924-28

  • Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund

  • Loyal to Moscow and Comintern

  • Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929

  • Members:

  • 1930: 130,000

  • 1932: 300,000



KPD NSDAP

  • Little support 1924-28

  • Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund

  • Loyal to Moscow and Comintern

  • Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929

  • Members:

  • 1930: 130,000

  • 1932: 300,000



Sturmabteilung



KPD NSDAP

  • Little support 1924-28

  • Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund

  • Loyal to Moscow and Comintern

  • Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929

  • Members:

  • 1930: 130,000

  • 1932: 300,000



KPD NSDAP

  • Little support 1924-28

  • Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund

  • Loyal to Moscow and Comintern

  • Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929

  • Members:

  • 1930: 130,000

  • 1932: 300,000



KPD NSDAP

  • Little support 1924-28

  • Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund

  • Loyal to Moscow and the Comintern

  • Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929

  • Members:

  • 1930: 130,000

  • 1932: 300,000



Public transport strike in Berlin, November 1932



  • Right to work

  • Abolition of child labour

  • Old-age-pension-system

  • Confiscation of war profits







Nazi economic programme



Nazi economic programme

  • State socialism:

  • Economy serves the people, not the individual

  • State oversees direction of economy

  • Autarkic economic development:

  • Self-sufficiency through Lebensraum in Central Europe



Nazi economic programme

  • State socialism:

  • Economy serves the people, not the individual

  • State oversees direction of economy

  • Autarkic economic development:

  • Self-sufficiency through Lebensraum in Central Europe

  • Direct state intervention in monetary matters:

  • Public investment

  • Cheap money policy

  • Investing in capital goods



Workers attracted by the Nazis

  • Nationalistic workers



Workers attracted by the Nazis

  • Nationalistic workers

  • Workers of the domestic / stagnant sector



Workers attracted by the Nazis

  • Nationalistic workers

  • Workers of the domestic / stagnant sector

  • Unemployed workers



Workers attracted by the Nazis

  • Nationalistic workers

  • Workers of the domestic / stagnant sector

  • Unemployed workers

  • Workers with the desire for social mobility





Persecution of the KPD

  • 2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD



Persecution of the KPD



Persecution of the KPD



Persecution of the KPD

  • 2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD

  • 17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used

  • 24. Feb 1933: headquarters of KPD closed

  • 28.Feb. 1933: burning of the Reichstag blamed on KPD – Emergency Decree



Persecution of the KPD

  • 2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD

  • 17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used

  • 24. Feb 1933: headquarters of KPD closed

  • 28.Feb. 1933: burning of the Reichstag blamed on KPD – Emergency Decree

  • 7. April 1933: Law for the Restoration of the Civil Service



Persecution of the KPD

  • 2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD

  • 17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used

  • 24. Feb 1933: headquarters of KPD closed

  • 28.Feb. 1933: burning of the Reichstag blamed on KPD – Emergency Decree

  • 7. April 1933: Law for the Restoration of the Civil Service

  • 1. May 1933: „Marxism is dead“



Persecution of the SPD



Persecution of the SPD

  • 8. Mar 1933: occupation of trade union buildings, arrest of functionaries

  • 10. Mar 1933: arrest of SPD politicians (leaders, deputies, mayors)



Persecution of the SPD

  • 8. Mar 1933: occupation of trade union buildings, arrest of functionaries

  • 10. Mar 1933: arrest of SPD politicians (leaders, deputies, mayors)

  • 11.Mar 1933: occupation of Reichsbanner headquarters, arrest of trade union leaders



Persecution of the SPD

  • 8. Mar 1933: occupation of trade union buildings, arrest of functionaries

  • 10. Mar 1933: arrest of SPD politicians (leaders, deputies, mayors)

  • 11.Mar 1933: occupation of Reichsbanner headquarters, arrest of trade union leaders

  • 22. Jun 1933: SPD enemy of the state, all remaining socialists arrested




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