Management practices, Constraints, Opportunities and Marketing Systems of Village Chicken production in Central Ethiopia


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Management practices, Constraints, Opportunities and Marketing Systems of Village Chicken production in Central Ethiopia

Tena Alemu

Wolkite University, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Department of Animal Production and Technology

Email: tena.alemu@wku.edu.et/tena_alemu@yahoo.com/tealemu11@gmail.com
Abstract

The study was conducted to assess management practices, constraints, opportunities and marketing systems of village chicken production in central Ethiopia, using questionnaire on 90 households. Both primary and secondary data was collected with interviewing the farmers by using semi-structured questionnaires, understanding their socio-economic characteristics and production system, feed resources, and housing system then the data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics. The dominant chicken production system in the study area was extensive system (90.0%). Seasonal supplementary feeding (63.4%) of home grown grains. 62.2% of respondent provides water for chicken and (73.3%) of the respondents do not construct a separate house to their chickens. The purpose of rearing chicken were sources of income (66.7%) and followed by home consumption (32.2%) and both consumption and income (1.1%). In the study area 87.8% of women share the responsibility of chicken feeding, watering and selling in the market. The main sources of feed for chicken were maize (63.4%) and amicho (32.2%). The main constraints of village chicken production were housing, predator, diseases, feed shortage and management. The main predator and disease for chicken were shelemetmat (78.9%) and New Castle Disease (77.8%). It was concluded that exertions should be made to better health care, husbandry practice, extension service and breeding to increase productivity of chicken at village management system. So that by considering situations identified management and production system and give attention for disease control, marketing systems, use of alternative management, marketing situation and providing training to be successful in village chicken production.

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