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MINISTRY OF HIGHER AND SECONDARY SPECIALIZED 

EDUCATION

Uzbek State World Languages University

A.T. Iriskulov

Theoretical Grammar of English

Tashkent 2006




Reviewed by:

A. Kuldashev

R. Alimardanov

Layout and design:

E. Ablyazizova

2



Contents

Lecture 1

Language and Speech Levels……………………………………………………………….……… 5



Lecture 2

The Grammatical Structure of a Language………………………………………………………… 8

Five Signals of Syntactic Structure………………………………………………………………… 9

Lexical and grammatical Meaning ………………………………………………………………… 9



Lecture 3

The Morphemic Structure of the English Language……………………………………………….. 11

The Types of Morphemes………………………………………………………………………..… 12

Lecture 4

The Grammatical Categories. ……………        ……………………………………………

14

Lecture 5

 The Parts of Speech…………………       …………………………………………………

16

Lecture 6

The Noun…………………………………………………………………………………………... 21

The  Number and Case in Modern.  English Nouns          ………………………………….

22

The Category of Case in Nouns…………………………………………………………………… 23



Gender in Modern English ………………………………………………………………………… 24

Lecture 7

The Adjectives……………………………………………………………………...

27

The Grammatical Category of Degrees of Comparison…………………………………………… 27



Substantivization of Adjectives…………………………………………………………………… 29

Lecture 8

The Verb…………………………………………………………………………………………… 30

Verb as a Part of Speech ………………………………………………………………………….. 30

The Types of Verbs ……………………………………………………………………………….. 30

Notional and Functional Verbs ……………………………………………………………………. 31

Regular and Irregular Verbs ……………………………………………………………………….. 31

Transitive and Intransitive Verbs …………………………………………………………………. 32

The Grammatical Categories of Verbs …………………………………………………………… 32

The Category of Voice …………………………………………………………………………….. 32

The Grammatical Category of Mood ……………………………………………………………..

34

Other Categories of the Verbs …………………………………………………………………….. 35



The Category of Posteriority………………………………………………………………………

37

The Categories of Number and Person ………………………………………………………….



38

Lecture 9

The Adverb………………………………………………………………………………………… 39

The So-Called Phrasal Verbs………………………………………………………………………. 40

Statives or The Words of Category of State………………………………………

41

Lecture 10

The Functional Parts of Speech…………………………………………………………………… 43



Lecture 11

Syntax……………………………………………………………………………………………… 45

The Subject – Matter of Syntax…………………………………………………………………… 45

The Types of Linguistic Relations Between Words ………………………………………………. 46

Types of Syntactic Relations………………………………………………………  

46

Word-Combinations and Their Types …………………………………………………………….. 47



The Types of Co-ordinate Phrases ………………………………………………………………… 48

The Types of Subordinate Phrases ………………………………………………………………… 48

The Types of Predicative Phrases ………………………………………………………………… 48

Lecture 12

Sentence …………………………………………………………………………………………… 50

The Types of Sentences …………………………………………………………………………… 51

Types of Sentences according to the Aim of the Speaker………………………………………… 52

Interrogative Sentences……………………………………………………………………………

52

Exclamatory Sentences……………………………………………………………………………



52

Imperative Sentences ……………………………………………………………………………… 53

Elliptical Sentences ………………………………………………………………………………

53

One -member Sentences …               ……………………………………………………….



54

Lecture 13

3



Composite Sentences ……………………………………………………………………………… 56

Compound Sentences ……………………………………………………………………………… 56

Complex Sentences ………………………………………………………………………………

57

The Types of Complex Sentences ………………………………………………………………… 57



The Structural Approach to the Problem of Composite Sentences ………………………………

58

Назарий грамматикага оид таянч атамалар лу



\ати …………………………………………… 59

References…………………………………………………………………………………………

69

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