Lecture 3 The Morphemic Structure of the English Language
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The Morphemic Structure of the English Language
Problems to be discussed:
- what operation is called "Morphemic analysis?
- language and speech levels and their corresponding units
- types of morphemes from the point of view of their:
b) number correlation between form and meaning.
There are many approaches to the questions mentioned above. According to Zellig Harris(27)
"The morphemic analysis is the operation by which the analyst isolates minimum meaningful elements in
the utterances of a language, and decides which occurrences of such elements shall be regarded as
occurrences of "the same" element".
The general procedure of isolating the minimum meaningful elements is as follows:
be statistically valid. Recurrent partials with constant meaning (ran away in John ran away and Bill ran away) are
discovered; recurrent partials not composed of smaller ones (way) are alternants or morphs. So are any partials not
recurrent but left over when all recurrent ones are counted for. Every utterance is composed entirely of morphs. The
division of a stretch of speech between one morph and another, we shall call a cut.
a) have the same meaning;
b) never occur in identical environments and
c) have combined environments no greater than the environments of some single alternant in the language.
Step 3. The difference in the phonemic shape of alternants of morphemes are organized and stated; this constitutes
Compare the above said with the conception of Ch. Hockett.
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