Music: An Appreciation, Brief 7th Edition by Roger Kamien


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Music: An Appreciation, Brief 7th Edition by Roger Kamien

  • Part III

  • The Baroque Period

  • 1600-1750


The Baroque Period

  • Time Line

    • Shakespeare: Hamlet-1600
    • Cervantes: Don Quixote-1605
    • Jamestown founded-1607
    • Galileo: Earth orbits Sun-1610
    • King James Bible-1611
    • Newton: Principia Mathematica-1687
    • Witchcraft trials in Salem, Mass.-1692
    • Defoe: Robinson Crusoe-1719
    • Swift: Gulliver’s Travels-1726


The Baroque Style

  • Time of flamboyant lifestyle



Ch. 1 - Baroque Music

  • Two giants of Baroque composition

    • Johann Sebastian Bach (period ends w/ Bach’s death)
    • George Frideric Handel
  • Other noted composers

    • Claudio Monteverdi
    • Henry Purcell
    • Arcangelo Corelli
    • Antonio Vivaldi
  • Period divided into three phases



Unity of Mood

  • Unity of Mood



Texture

  • Texture



Based on violin family of instruments

  • Based on violin family of instruments



Instrumental music frequently made up of movements

    • Instrumental music frequently made up of movements


Ch. 2 - Music in Baroque Society

  • Music written to order



Some aristocrats were musicians

  • Some aristocrats were musicians



Ch. 3 - The Concerto Grosso and Ritornello Form

  • Concerto Grosso



Ritornello

  • Ritornello



Listening

  • Brandenberg Concerto No. 5 in D major by Johann Sebastian Bach



Ch. 4 - The Fugue



Listening

  • Organ Fugue in G Minor

  • by J. S. Bach



Ch. 5 - The Elements of Opera

  • Drama sung to orchestral accompaniment



Chorus: groups of actors playing crowd parts

  • Chorus: groups of actors playing crowd parts



Ch. 6 - Opera in the Baroque Era

  • Result of musical discussions of the Camerata in Florence



Ch. 7 - Claudio Monteverdi



Listening

  • Tu se’ morta from Orfeo by Monteverdi



Ch. 8 - Henry Purcell

  • English composer (1659-1695)



Listening

  • Dido’s Lament from Dido and Aeneas by Purcell



Ch. 9 - The Baroque Sonata

  • Instrumental work



Trio Sonata in A Minor, Op. 3, No. 10 (1689) by Arcangelo Corelli

  • Trio Sonata in A Minor, Op.3 No. 10

  • by Arcangelo Corelli

  • For 2 violins and basso continuo

  • Basic Set, CD 2:23 and 2:24

  • Note: Polyphonic texture

  • Multi movement work

  • Contrast between movements



Ch. 10 - Antonio Vivaldi

  • Late Baroque Italian composer



Listening

  • La Primavera (Spring), Op. 8, No. 1, from The Four Seasons (1725) by Vivaldi

    • Listening Outline: p. 128
    • Basic Set, CD 2:25 Brief Set, CD 2:12
  • Concerto for violin and string orchestra

  • Note: Polyphonic texture & ritornello form

  • Baroque program music

    • Descriptive effects (trills for bird songs, string tremolos for thunder)


Ch. 11 - Johann Sebastian Bach

  • German, late Baroque composer



Ch. 12 - The Baroque Suite



Listening

  • Suite No. 3 in D Major (~1730)

  • by J. S. Bach, 4thmovement

  • Basic Set, CD 2:41 Brief Set, CD 2:21

  • Listening Outline p. 135

  • Note: Extensive polyphony

  • Contrast of dance forms and

  • tempo in various movements



Ch. 13 - The Chorale and Church Cantata

  • Lutheran church service was social event of the week



Listening

  • Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (Awake, A Voice Is Calling Us)

  • by J. S. Bach (1731), Movements 4 & 7

  • Vocal Music Guide: pp. 140-141

  • Basic Set, CD 2:47

  • Brief Set, CD 2:23

  • Note: Vernacular (German) text

  • Chorale tune basis

  • Polyphonic until chorale in movement 7

  • Movement 7—provides for congregation to join in



Ch. 14 - The Oratorio

  • Like opera:

    • Large-scale work for chorus, soloists, and orchestra
    • Contains arias, recitatives, ensembles


Ch. 15 - George Frederic Handel

  • Born in Germany—same year as Bach

    • Not from musical family
      • Father wanted him to be a lawyer


Listening

  • From The Messiah by G. F. Handel (1741)

  • Ev’ry Valley Shall Be Exalted

  • Vocal Music Guide: p. 144 Basic Set, CD 305

  • Brief Set, CD 2:27



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