New Zealand, but also Aotearoa, which means „Land of long white cloud“
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- The first discoverer was Dutch seafarer Abel Janszoon Tasman in 1642, but first human, who explored it was British explorer James Cook in 1769.
- Head of State – Queen Elizabeth II.
- New Zealand comprises two main islands which are called the North and South Islands.
- Hamilton is the biggest in-country city.
- There are three branches of government
- Australian fauna
- One of Australias greatest treasures is her flora - a staggering 24,000 species of native plants have been identified compared to Englands 1700 native plants.
- Rivers of Australia
- CAPITALS CITIES OF AUSTRALIA AND THEIR MONUMENTS
- The sunshine state
- Outback Australia
New Zealand, but also Aotearoa, which means „Land of long white cloud“
The first discoverer was Dutch seafarer Abel Janszoon Tasman in 1642, but first human, who explored it was British explorer James Cook in 1769.
Realm of New Zealand is territory, where is head of state Queen New Zealand. Kingdom includes Cook Islands, New Zealand, Niue, Tokelau and disputable territory in Antarctica referred to as Ross Dependency
Head of State – Queen Elizabeth II.
Elizabeth II. is the current Queen of New Zealand and is represented in the country by a non-partisan Governor-General. De facto political power is held by Prime Minister Helen Clark who, as leader of the government, requires the confidence of the democratically elected New Zealand House of Representatives. The Realm of New Zealand also includes the Cook Islands and Niue, which are entirely self-governing; Tokelau, and New Zealand‘s claim in Antarctica.
New Zealand comprises two main islands which are called the North and South Islands.
Wellington is New Zealand capital and it is surrounded by mountains from some of whitish them is a magnificent view over the city. There is the good quarters of the parliament politically commercially and geographically Wellington is the most important city in the country. Victorian University is located in hilly suburb Kelburn. On same hill is botanic garden. There is line Massey University in Wellington.Wellington is famous for windy weather.Wellington is ganglion culture and art. Tourist here can found much of restaurants, riches night clubs, much of sports and cultural used. City is bulding about exquisite bay, which is formation enormous out of blast and afloat crater. In the city are lots of monuments for example old builds of parlaments, government offices, and others woodens houses and pubs.Interesting attraction is funicular which move out from valley at top of city.
Auckland is the largest city in NZ there are many modern shopping centres with a lot of cafeterias and restaurants. relaxation can be found in many parks. Auckland City of Sails nickname city got thanks to fact, than is almost among from all sides sea. Auckland famous for bigges polynés city on the world. 20% population espousing with maors aboriginal. Attractions of city are Auckland Museum ( ta Papa Whakahiku) which mount to cultural and history Maors and other nations of Pacific Oceans. Sky tower – is biggest building in south hemisphere high 328 m. Construction had endure wind about size 200km/h. Make it possible to view as far as 80 kilometers. Waitakere Regional Park – There are 250 kilometres footpaths.Auckland´s international aiport is biggest aiport on the world and is located near Manukau´s port in south suburb Mangere.
Christchurch is biggest city on south island of NZ. Great combines benefits of cities and natural´s environment. Christchurch is garden´s city. is the 5th largest city which is often said to have the most English character outside of England. Christchurst is located near the Catenbury Plains, Pacific Ocean. Christchurch is composedly, and safely city with friendly people and well net cities mass transpotion. City has got 345 000 population. Famous peninsula akaora peninsula be situated closeness to Christchurch.
Rotorua – it is a place visited by almost every tourist it is a famous thermal area with gassers of boiling water. You can also see ho water lake and ho mud it is dangerous to have the marked paths, because there is the risk of falling into hot mud.Rotorua is one of admire and resort place on northerh island. It is located on river even on lake.Eyot Mokoia Island is it relevant to fable about maors miss Hinemoe.Rotorua are bays for improvement kinetic apparaturs. Therea ara pools, their termal´s temperature of water has got between 33° - 43°, beause all territory is centre of area. Near scene you can find colors lakes, craters and minerals platform. Rotorua has got 65 000 population and maors cultur gueues in magnetism for tourists.
Hamilton is the biggest in-country city.
National Park Mt Cook
New Zealand has a modern, prosperous, developed economy with an estimated nominal Gross domestic product. The country has a relatively high standard of living. Since 2000 New Zealand has made substantial gains in median household income. New Zealand, along with Australia, largely escaped the early 2000s recession that impacted upon most other advanced countries. The combination of high growth in New Zealand, along with negative growth in United States, has allowed New Zealand to reduce the income gap.
Sport has a major role in New Zealand's culture, with the unofficial national sport of rugby union being particularly influential. Other popular participatory sports include cricket, bowls, netball, soccer, golf , swimming and tennis.New Zealand has strong international teams in several sports including rugby union, netball, cricket, rugby league, and softball. New Zealand also does traditionally well in the sports of rowing, yachting and cycling.
The first human habitation of Australia is estimated to have occurred between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. These first Australians were possibly the ancestors of the current Indigenous Australians; they may have arrived via land bridges and short sea-crossings from present-day South-East Asia. Most of these people were hunter-gatherers, with a complex oral culture and spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime
The Indigenous Australian population, estimated at 350,000 at the time of European settlement, declined steeply for 150 years following settlement, mainly because of infectious disease combined with forced re-settlement and cultural disintegration.
Australian federation is constitution monarchy with parliamentary system governances. Queen Elizabeth II. is the Queen of Australia, whose a role is similar her a role in Canada and more countries. The Queen is represented by the Governor-General at federal level and by the Governors at state level. Although the Constitution gives Governor-General executive powers, these are normally exercised only on the advice of the Prime Minister. The most notable exercise of the Governor-General's reserve powers outside the Prime Minister's direction was the dismissal of the Whitlam Government in the constitutional crisis of 1975.
There are three branches of government:
The bicameral Commonwealth Parliament consists is consists of the senate (the upper house) of 76 senators, and a House of Representatives (the lower house) of 150 members and its constituent is Queen. Seats in the House of Representatives are allocated to states on the basis of population, with each original state guaranteed a minimum of five seats. In the Senate, each state is represented by 12 senators, and each of the territories (the ACT and the NT) by two. Elections for both a House of Parliament is take place every three years. Changes always only middle senate because senators have overlapping six-year terms. The party with majority support in the House of Representatives forms government and its leader becomes Prime Minister.
Australia is industrial agricultural country with important mining mineral raw materials. There mine high-quality pit-coal in New South Wales and Queensland, soft coal in Victoria, iron-stone, bauxite, crude oil, slug, zinc, tin, cooper, manganese, gold, silver, diamonds, nickel, jack, palladium, zircon, rutile, ilmenite, salt, uranus and opals. Most important industries are metallurgy, petrochemical use, chemistry, machine, textile and food-processing industry. Industrial centre are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Newcastle and Geelong. Important is electrical energy too.
Australia is own continent, which is smallest on the world And is on the Indo-Australian Plate. Australia is separated from Asia by sea and is full of native wonder. Australia has more than 34000 kilometres of coastline.
One of Australia's greatest treasures is her flora - a staggering 24,000 species of native plants have been identified compared to England's 1700 native plants.
Rivers of Australia
CAPITALS CITIES OF AUSTRALIA AND THEIR MONUMENTS
The first state This is Australia´s rdest state and is situated on the East coast of Australia between Victoria in the South and Queensland in the North. Sydney is the capital and has five World Heritage. Sites including the amazing Sydney Opera House that looks somewhat like a white mailing ship and the Sydney Harbour Bridge, affectionately known as the chat hanger. The state of New South Wales has the highest mountain – Kosciuzsko at 2228 metres. There are also beatiful Blue Mountains, endless sandy beaches and red rugged outback where top grade opals are mined.
Melbourne with the population of 3,4 million is the second largest city in Australia ( after Sydney). It was the capital of Australia until the Parliament moved to Canberra in 1927. I tis home to signifiant cultural and sporting events, and to one of the most impressive crickets grounds in the world – the famous MCG ( Melbourne Cricket Ground). Since the 19 th century, trams have operated in the city, and today it has the second largest tram network in the world. The trams are tourist attraction as well, and there are even restaurant trams running trough the city.
The garden state Victoria is located in the south eastern Conner of Australia and its capital city is Melbourne, which is renowned for being multicultural, with excellent food and wine. For those who want a taste of the outdoors there are lot sof possibilities like the best rock climbing and abseiling in the Grampian Mountains. The state of Victoria is famous for towering rainforest ski resorts, gulden bays, ocean clils, rolling green hills and red sandy deserts. I tis also famous for its historici attractions such as the gold fields where the gold rush of the 1850´s began when large deposit sof gold were found in the region.
The sunshine state
The state of festivals and fine wines South Australia is the only state to be settled entirely by free settlers. However, at the beginning there were not enough people to build the city ad so ironically, they had to import convicts to do the worik. Adelaide the capital of SOuth Australia , is known all around the world for its famous wines form Barrosa Valley. Many world class festivals are held here every year with such events as The tower down under for cycling and Clipsal 500 one of the world´s greatest motor sports festivals with the V8 Supercars. The largest artes festival in the Southern Hemisphere the Adelaide Fringe is a great from 4, 000 independent artists.
Tasmania is separand from mainland Australia by a 240 –kilometre stretch of water called Bass Strait.This channel of water is notoriously rough and hundreds of ships have been wrecked off the Tasmanian and Victorian coastlines. Tasmania is land apart – a green island of wild, mountainous beauty. It has a temperate chmate, quality wine and cheese, creative arts community and a spirited history.Tasmania is home of the infamous Tasmanian YDevil, black furry animal with large mouth and sharp teeth. Tasmania´s capital Hobart is situated on the East side of the island.
Outback Australia The Northern Territory is one of the most sparsely settled environment on the planet, spanning more 1, 4 milion square kilometre from The Centre to Northerly coast Australia.
Sport plays an important part in Australian culture, assisted by a climate that favours outdoor activities; 23.5% Australians over the age of 15 regularly participate in organised sporting activities. At an international level, Australia has strong teams in cricket, hockey, netball, rugby league, and rugby union, and it performs well in cycling, rowing, and swimming. Nationally, other popular sports include Australian rules football, horse racing, soccer, and motor racing. Australia has participated in every summer Olympic Games of the modern era, and every Commonwealth Games. Australia hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne and the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, and has ranked among the top five medal-takers since 2000. Australia has also hosted the 1938, 1962, 1982, and 2006 Commonwealth Games. Other major international events held in Australia include the Grand Slam Australian Open tennis tournament, international cricket matches, and the Formula One Australian Grand Prix. Viewing televised sport is popular; the highest-rating television programs include the summer Olympic Games and the grand finals of local and international football (various codes) competitions.
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