Officer Manning: Armies of the past


Download 1.28 Mb.
bet1/13
Sana22.12.2019
Hajmi1.28 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   13

Officer Manning: Armies of the past

  • Successful traits:
    • Armies with lower ratio (1:33) of officer to enlisted had faster decision cycle
    • Policies built around unit manning
    • Command and instructor positions most prized, lasting from 3-5 years in key positions
  • Unsuccessful traits:
    • Armies with higher ratio (1:13 to 1:6) of officer to enlisted had slower decision cycle at all levels
    • Policies were individual centric leading to lower unit success
    • Officers were rotated swiftly through many positions on average a new position every 10.1 months
  • Insights into personnel systems (cultures) of other armies in history—
  • objective: develop decisive leaders of character for uncertain and complex problems

Officer Management: Armies of the Past

  • Successful traits:
    • Officers attended extensive military schooling early in career
      • Most schooling comes at entry level through 4th year
      • Courses were intellectually demanding (German staff college so tough that falling out was not seen as failure)
      • Culture encouraged self-teaching, self-policing and professional discourse
    • Accessions into officer ranks tough (up to 80% failure rate)
    • Promotions and selections
      • Based on two measures, seniority and combat performance
      • Decentralized at lower levels with local boards; senior selections centralized
  • Unsuccessful traits:
    • Officers viewed as generalists where rank meant assumed level of knowledge
    • Careers adhered to templates and patterns with little flexibility based on competence
    • Individual replacement rather than group replacement hindered cohesion
    • Individual career management assumed Social Darwinism, equal opportunity & progressive assumption of survival of fittest
    • Careerism outcome based individual’s psychological “investment” in their own career coupled with promotion for pay economic reward system
    • Incentive structure focused on individual failed to ensure superior group performance

US Army Officer Trends

  • Officer to Enlisted Ratios
  • Context: Technology breakthrough, Communication, Area of Operations, Doctrinal Focus, Operational Environment, Spectrum of Conflict, Army Purpose, Officer Development
  • Civil War
  • World War I
  • World War II
  • Vietnam/Cold War
  • Today
  • Strength
  • Strength
  • Ratio to Enlisted
  • Strength
  • Ratio to Enlisted
  • Strength
  • Ratio to Enlisted
  • Strength
  • Ratio to Enlisted
  • 2,100,000
  •  
  • 4,050,000
  •  
  • 8,800,000
  •  
  • 1,330,000
  •  
  • 1,140,000
  •  
  • Officers
  • 137,254
  • 1: 14.3
  • 250,000
  • 1: 15.2
  • 758,620
  • 1: 10.6
  • 172,727
  • 1: 6.7
  • 180,094
  • 1: 5.3
  • Field Grade
  • 41,176
  • 1: 47.7
  • 32,926
  • 1: 115.4
  • 42,307
  • 1: 190.1
  • 73,888
  • 1: 15.7
  • 78,082
  • 1: 12.3
  • General
  • 564
  • 1: 3480
  • 1,006
  • 1: 3777.3
  • 1,260
  • 1: 6382
  • 542
  • 1: 2135.2
  • 632
  • 1: 1518.8
  • Infantry / Armor Force
  • 1,606
  • 1: 14.2
  • 6,243
  • 1: 35.3
  • 3,966
  • 1: 20.9
  • 3,510
  • 1: 15.7
  • IN: 3488
  • 1: 12.1
  • HV: 3779
  • 1: 11.3
  • ST: 4224
  • 1: 11.4

Download 1.28 Mb.

Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   13




Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2020
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling