Download 5.37 Mb.Pdf ko'rish
- Bu sahifa navigatsiya:
- Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Adolescents in Irbid Governorate, Jordan.
- Prevalence of Elevated Hepatic Transaminases among Jordanian Pa ents with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
- Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
- Abstract BACKGROUND
- SUBJECTS AND METHODS
- Abstract OBJECTIVES: To
- The Association between Periodontal Disease and Obesity among Adults in Jordan.
- Abstract AIM
- Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Urban and Semi- Urban Jordanian Children Aged 3-6 Years.
- Abstract OBJECTIVES
- Obesity and Diabetes in Jordan: Findings from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2004.
- Abstract INTRODUCTION
CONCLUSIONS: Overweight and obesity are becoming a health problem
among both boys and girls in Jordan.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Detecting the prevalence and the associated factors
of overweight and obesity among adolescents is the first step toward
proposing intervention strategies.
Int J Nurs Pract. 2010 Aug;16(4):397-405.
Al-Kloub MI, Al-Hassan MA, Froelicher ES.
Faculty of Nursing, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.
This cross-sectional study aimed to estimate the frequency of overweight
and obesity in adolescents as defined by the International Obesity Task
Force, and to estimate the effect of sociodemographic and health
behaviours (eating habits and physical activity) that predict obesity. A
stra ﬁed (by gender) random sample of 518 adolescents, aged 15 or 16
years was obtained from eight public schools in Amman. In this sample
17.5% were overweight and 9.6% were obese. The predictors of obesity and
overweight (excess weight) were: (i) fathers attained primary and
secondary educa on; (ii) total monthly family income > or = 300 (JD); (iii)
working mothers; (iv) family size < or = 6; and (v) having obese parents.
Eating a low quality diet (chips, candy) was a significant dietary predictor of
excess weight. The family variables found to be important predictors along
with a low quality diet suggest that family interventions would be necessary
in the control of adolescent excess weight.
East Mediterr Health J. 2010 Jun;16(6):657-62.
Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Adolescents
in Irbid Governorate, Jordan.
Abu Baker NN, Daradkeh SM.
Faculty of Nursing,
University of Science and Technology,
Overweight and obesity is an escalating health problem in both developed
and developing countries. This descriptive cross-sectional study aimed to
determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents
aged 13-16 years in Irbid governorate, Jordan, and to compare the
prevalence by sex, residential area and socioeconomic status. In a cluster
random sample of 1355 school students the prevalence of overweight and
obesity (body mass index > or = 85th percen le) was 24.4% (15.7%
overweight and 8.7% obese) and was signiﬁcantly higher among female
students, students who lived in urban areas and those with working
parents. This high prevalence of overweight is a serious concern for public
health in Jordan.
Ann Saudi Med. 2010 Jan-Feb;30(1):25-32.
Prevalence of Elevated Hepatic Transaminases among
Jordanian Pa ents with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Judi L, Toukan A, Khader Y, Ajlouni K, Khatib MA.
National Center for
Endocrinology and Genetics, Diabetology,
Queen Rania St., PO Box 13165, Amman, Jordan. firstname.lastname@example.org
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Since the extent of elevation of liver
transaminases in type 2 diabe cs in Jordan and most of the Middle East is
unknown, we estimated the prevalence of elevated liver transaminase
levels among pa ents with type 2 diabetes and determined associated risk
METHODS: This study was performed on 1014 consecu ve type 2 diabe c
outpatients who attended the National Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology
and Gene cs in Amman, Jordan. The pa ents' age ranged between 26-85
years with a mean age of 56.8 (+9.8). Three- hundred and fifty three
(54.5%) were males with a median age of 58 years (ranging between 26-82
years), and four hundred and sixty one (45.5%) were females with a median
age of 57 years (ranging between 28-85 years). Body mass index, waist
circumference, lipid profile, and hepatic transaminase levels were recorded.
Ultraonography was performed in those with elevated alanine
RESULTS: Overall, the prevalence of elevated alanine transaminase (ALT)
level was 10.4% (n=105) with the gender-wise prevalence being 12.8%
(n=71) in men and 7.4% (n=34) in women. The prevalence of elevated
aspartate transaminase (AST) levels was 5.4% (n=56) with the gender-wise
prevalence being 5.6% (n=31) in men and 5.4% (n=25) in women.. Only
4.5% (n=44) showed elevated levels of both ALT and AST. Male gender
(OR=2.35, CI:1.5-3.8) and high waist circumference (OR=1.9, CI:1.2-3.2)
were associated with increased risk of elevated ALT levels. Younger patients
had a higher tendency to have elevated ALT compared to those over 65
years (OR=12.4 for pa ents aged 25-45years, and OR=5.8 for those who
were 45-65 years old). Non-insulin use was associated with a high odds
ra o for elevated ALT levels (OR=1.7, CI: 1.1-2.9).
CONCLUSIONS: Elevated ALT and AST levels are found in 10.4% and 5.4% of
our type 2 diabe c pa ents respec vely. Male gender, younger age, higher
waist circumference; as an indicator of central obesity, as well as non
insulin use are independent predictors of elevated liver transaminase levels.
Ann Saudi Med. 2009 Jul-Aug;29(4):270-4.
Factors Associated with Sexual Dysfunction in Jordanian
Women and Their Sexual Attitudes.
Abu Ali RM, Al Hajeri RM, Khader YS, Ajlouni KM.
Na onal Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Gene cs, Amman 11942,
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is defined as disorders of
libido, arousal, and orgasm, as well as sexual pain, that leads to personal
distress or interpersonal difficulties. Social aspects of FSD have been
understudied. The aim of this study was to explore the social aspects of FSD
and sexual attitudes of Jordanian women.
studied between October 2006 and August 2007 at the Na onal Center for
Diabetes, Endocrinology and Genetics (NCDEG), Amman, Jordan. Females
were interviewed using a special questionnaire that was suitable to our
culture and added to the Arabic translation of the Female Sexual Function
Index (FSFI) Questionnaire.
RESULTS: Older age was associated with a decreased total FSD index and its
domain scores. Women with obesity were more likely to have impaired
arousability and impaired capability of reaching orgasm. About 58.5% of
women reported that they prepared themselves if they had sexual desire
and 68.2% reported wearing special a re for this purpose. Only 37.2% of
women could ask their husband for a special excitement.
CONCLUSIONS: FSD is prevalent in Jordan. Its social aspects are
understudied and need more research in the future.
Matern Child Health J. 2009 May;13(3):424-31. Epub 2008 May 22.
Overweight and Obesity among School Children in Jordan:
Prevalence and Associated Factors.
Khader Y, Irshaidat O, Khasawneh M, Amarin Z, Alomari M, Batieha A.
Department of Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine,
University of Science & Technology, Irbid 22110,
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity and
determine their associated factors among school children aged 6-12 years in
the north of Jordan.
METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among school children in
the north of Jordan in the period between March 2006 and May 2006. A
total of 2,131 children (1,052 boys and 1,079 girls) were selected at random
using multistage cluster sampling method. The first part of the
questionnaire was completed by pupils in schools and the second part was
completed by their parents at home. The researchers measured height,
weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, and mid upper arm
circumference of each student in the class. Overweight and obesity were
defined according to the international cut-off points of body mass index for
boys and girls between 2 and 18 years of age.
RESULTS: Of the total 2,131 children, 19.4% were overweight (18.8% of
boys and 19.9% of girls) and 5.6% were obese (5.6% of boys and 5.5% of
girls). Watching television >2 h/day, daily pocket money >20 piasters (1
piaster = 1.42 cents), having overweight or obese mother/father were
significantly associated with increased odds of both overweight and obesity.
Age > or = 10 years, female gender, and family size of < or =4 were
significantly associated with being overweight and total monthly family
income >300 Jordanian Dinars (JDs), (1 JD = $1.42) was associated with
Jordanian children compared with that in the neighboring countries, the
prevalence of obesity was lower.
Saudi Med J. 2009 Jun;30(6):737-49.
Factors Contributing to Adolescent Obesity.
Al-Kloub MI, Froelicher ES.
Faculty of Nursing, University of Jordan, PO Box 11942, Amman, Jordan.
Obesity in children is a significant public health concern. The prevalence of
overweight and obesity in Jordanian children, and adolescents has
increased in the last decade. The consequences of obesity to health in
childhood and adulthood have both medical, and economic cost to
individuals and society. This paper reviews the factors that contribute to
adolescent obesity and emphasizes behavioral and environmental factors.
An individual's behaviors such as increased consumption of high caloric
foods, increased sedentary activity while decreasing physical activity has
been identified as key issues in the development of obesity. Additionally,
the current environment in homes, schools, and neighborhoods tend to
discourage a healthy lifestyle. A comprehensive approach that involves the
whole community is the best strategy for preventing adolescent obesity.
Nurses are in a unique position to provide leadership in developing
programs for healthier lifestyle choices for adolescents' and adoption of
these goals into their daily lives.
J Clin Periodontol. 2009 Jan;36(1):18-24. Epub 2008 Nov 19.
The Association between Periodontal Disease and Obesity
among Adults in Jordan.
Khader YS, Bawadi HA, Haroun TF, Alomari M, Tayyem RF.
Department of Public Health, Community Medicine, and Family Medicine,
AIM: To determine the relationship between periodontitis and
overweight/obesity among Jordanians.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systema c random sample of 340 persons
aged between 18 and 70 years was selected from those who accompanied
patients during their visit to the outpatient clinics in the medical centre of
Jordan University of Science and Technology in north of Jordan. All
participants underwent periodontal examination, had anthropometric
measurements, and completed the questionnaire. Periodontitis was
defined as presence of four or more teeth with one or more sites with
probing pocket depth >or=4 mm and clinical a achment loss >or=3 mm.
RESULTS: Only 14% of normal weight par cipants had periodontal disease
whereas 29.6% of overweight and 51.9% of obese par cipants had
periodontal disease. Periodontitis was more prevalent among subjects with
high waist circumference (WC) and among subjects with high waist-to-hip
ratio. After adjusting for important variables, only body mass index (BMI)-
deﬁned obesity [odds ra o (OR)=2.9, 95% conﬁdence interval (CI): 1.3, 6.1],
high WC (OR=2.1, 95%CI: 1.2, 3.7), and high fat per cent (OR=1.8, 95% CI:
1.03, 3.3) remained signiﬁcantly associated with increased odds of
significantly associated with increased odds of having periodontitis.
Journal of Biological Sciences, 2009; 9(7):738-745
Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Overweight
and Obesity among Jordan University Students.
Suleiman, A. A.; Alboqai, O. K.; Yasein, N.; El-Qudah, J. M.; Bataineh, M. F.;
Obeidat, B. A.
To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Jordan
University students and to investigate some factors that might be
associated with overweight and obesity. A cross-sectional survey was
conducted at Jordan University, Amman, Jordan from March to September,
2005 using a mul stage stra ﬁed sampling technique to recruit the
participants. A total of 1219 students aged 17-28 years completed the study
procedure with a response rate of 81.3%. A self-administered questionnaire
was used for data collection. The questionnaire included questions on
biological and non-biological factors influencing the development of
overweight and obesity. Also, height and weight were self reported to
calculate the Body Mass Index (BMI) and to categorize it into normal,
overweight and obese according to WHO (1997) classiﬁca on. The overall
prevalence rates of overweight and obesity among university students were
28.5 and 10.2%, respec vely. Biological factors signiﬁcantly associated with
overweight and obesity were increasing age, being female and parental
obesity (p<0.05). Also, non-biological factors including, physical inactivity,
non-healthy diet, lower family monthly income and being non-smoker were
signiﬁcantly associated with overweight and obesity (p<0.05). Obesity is a
problem among Jordan University students. Factors behind overweight and
obesity among Jordan University students were increasing age, being
female, parental obesity, physical inactivity, non-healthy diet, lower family
monthly income and being non-smoker.
Child Care Health Dev. 2008 Jul;34(4):464-9. Epub 2008 May 7.
Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Urban and Semi-
Urban Jordanian Children Aged 3-6 Years.
Ibrahim AI, Hawamdeh ZM, Al-Smadi JT, Ammari BA.
Department of Physical Therapy for Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, Cairo
University, Giza, Egypt. email@example.com
OBJECTIVES: To show the prevalence of overweight and obesity among the
Jordanian urban and semi-urban children; to compare their body mass
index (BMI) with the international standards of BMI.
between 3 and 6 years for height, weight and mid upper arm
circumference. BMI was calculated and transformed into percentiles.
Children were divided into boys and girls.
RESULTS: The mean and SD values of BMI observed in our study were 16.69
+/- 4.9 kg/m(2) for boys and 16.82 +/- 4.77 kg/m(2) for girls aged 3-6 years.
The prevalence of obesity and overweight among boys was 20.8% and 3.8%
respec vely and among girls was 19.1% and 7.2% respec vely. In total,
48.0% of boys and 38.1% of girls were of healthy weight.
years was higher than the expected 50th percen le of the (World Health
Organization/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) reference values
for a similar age range but, it was equivalent to the 75th percen le values.
Obesity was more frequent than overweight among boys and girls aged 3-6
Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2008 Jun;6(2):113-20.
Obesity in Jordan: Prevalence, Associated Factors,
Comorbidities, and Change in Prevalence over Ten Years.
Khader Y, Batieha A, Ajlouni H, El-Khateeb M, Ajlouni K.
Department of Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine,
Faculty of Medicine,
University of Science & Technology, Irbid,
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of obesity in northern Jordan,
identify its associated factors, assess its association with selected
comorbidities, and determine how the prevalence of obesity has changed in
Jordan over 10 years.
METHODS: A total of 1121 par cipants aged 25 years and above were
randomly selected. Sociodemographic characteristics as well as information
on selected metabolic disorders and their potential risk factors were
obtained. Anthropometric and biochemical characteristics were measured.
Obesity was defined based on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference,
and waist-to-hip ratio.
RESULTS: The age-standardized prevalence of obesity in northern Jordan
was 28.1% (95% CI: 23.4, 32.8) for men and 53.1% (95% CI: 49.3, 57.0) for
women. Irrespective of age or measure used, women always had a
considerably higher prevalence of obesity than men. The prevalence of
obesity varied greatly with age, generally increasing, irrespective of the
measurement used. There has been a significant increase in the prevalence
of obesity over a period of ten years for both men and women aged 60
years and above only. When important variables were taken into account in
logistic regression analyses, obesity was significantly associated with
increased odds of having all studied metabolic abnormalities. Female
gender, increase in age, being married, former smoker or nonsmoker, and
fewer than 12 years of educa on were signiﬁcantly associated with
increased odds of BMI-defined obesity and high waist circumference.
associated comorbidities among Jordanians, especially among women.
Prev Chronic Dis. 2008 Jan;5(1):A17. Epub 2007 Dec 15.
Obesity and Diabetes in Jordan: Findings from the
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2004.
Zindah M, Belbeisi A, Walke H, Mokdad AH.
Noncommunicable Disease Department, Adel Belbeisi,
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and
mortality in Jordan. The Jordanian Ministry of Health, in collaboration with
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, established a behavioral
risk factor surveillance system to monitor the behavioral risk factors
associated with chronic diseases.
from which we then randomly selected and interviewed one adult aged 18
years or older. A random subsample of the adults interviewed were then
invited to visit the local health clinic, where we obtained medical
measurements, including blood lipids (low-density lipoprotein, high-density
lipoprotein, and triglycerides) and fasting blood glucose.
RESULTS: Approximately 9% of the par cipants in the subsample who
underwent medical testing reported having been diagnosed with diabetes
previously, compared with 16.9% diagnosed in our laboratory tes ng.
About 12.3% of the par cipants were glucose intolerant, and about 35%
were obese. Obesity was significantly associated with diabetes, high blood
pressure, high cholesterol, and asthma. Compared with adults of normal
weight, obese adults had an adjusted odds ra o of 3.27 (95% CI, 1.58-6.76)
for diabetes, 3.69 (95% CI, 2.13-6.39) for high blood pressure, 3.45 (95% CI,
1.68-7.10) for high cholesterol, and 5.12 (95% CI, 1.53-17.19) for asthma.
Download 5.37 Mb.
Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling