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- High Prevalence of the Risk of Overweight and Overweight among Qatari Children Ages 9 Through 11
- Abstract PURPOSE
- Prevalence of Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Diabetes Mellitus and Its Risk Factors in a Population-Based Study of Qatar.
- Abstract OBJECTIVE
- Abstract INTRODUCTION
- Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity, and Associated Psychological Problems in Qataris Female Population.
- Prevalence of Obesity, Overweight, and Underweight in Qatari Adolescents.
- Abstract BACKGROUND
- Abstract AIM
RESULTS: There was a relatively high prevalence of overweight and obesity.
There were no significant differences between obese and non-obese
children in relation to physical activity or sedentary activity levels or dietary
patterns, except for higher reported consumption of sweetened beverages
by the obese children compared to non-obese children. Participants were
aware of the complexity and variety of causes of obesity and identified two
important causal influences resulting from rapid societal change and
affluence since oil production in the country. In term of interventions, the
school setting was usually prioritized and the influence of teachers in
intervention delivery emphasized: “children learn from school more than
they learn from their mothers”. The importance of education for parents,
particularly the mothers was also a consistent theme.
CONCLUSION: This is the first study in the state of Qatar that has examined
the risk factors for childhood obesity and used qualitative methodology to
inform future obesity prevention intervention development. The focus
group data provided important contextual information validated some
findings from the cross sectional study and informs the development of
future obesity prevention interventions appropriate to the local setting.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010 May;63(5):820-5. Epub 2009 Apr 1.
Abdominoplasty In Obese and in Morbidly Obese Patients.
Murshid M, Khalid KN, Shakir A, Bener A.
Plastic & hand surgery unit, HMC Rumaila Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
This study aims to determine if morbid obesity increases morbidity in
abdominoplasty. Upon examining 200 pa ents, 100 morbidly obese and
100 overweight and obese, it was found that there is no diﬀerence in the
complication rate between the two categories. It was also found that, when
compared to global rates of complication, there is no difference in the rate
of complication of dermolipectomy as a whole in non-obese patients.
However, co-morbid diseases are more correlated to complication. This
article concludes with a remark that although morbid obesity should not
preclude abdominoplasty, patients benefit from the operation even when it
is performed as a functional operation and not as a cosmetic procedure.
Nutrition & Food Science, 2009;39(1):36 – 45
High Prevalence of the Risk of Overweight and
Overweight among Qatari Children Ages 9 Through 11
Abdelhamid Kerkadi, (Department of Health Sciences, College of Arts and
Sciences, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar), Abdelmonem S. Hassan,
(Department of Health Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar
University, Doha, Qatar), Adil Eltayeb M. Yousef, (Department of Maths and
Physics, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar)
The authors are extremely grateful to schools administration and children
who took part in the study. The authors would like to thank students who
participated in data collection and data entry.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to estimate the prevalence of the
risk of overweight and overweight in Qatari children ages 9 through 11 and
to compare the prevalence using CDC and IOTF cut-offs.
DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A cross-sectional study in a
randomly selected sample of 1,213 Qatari children was carried out. Weight
and height were measured and BMI was calculated for all children. The risk
of overweight and overweight were defined using as references both the
CDC BMI percentiles for age and gender and IOTF cut-off values.
were signiﬁcant (p<0.0001). According to the CDC and IOTF references, the
overall prevalence of the risk of overweight aﬀected 15.8 and 21.1 per cent
respec vely, while overweight was prevalent in 21.8 and 17.7 per cent
respectively. Using either reference, the prevalence of the risk of
overweight was higher among girls compared with boys (22.4 per cent, 19.4
per cent respectively), while overweight was higher among boys than
among girls (20.6 per cent, 15.5 per cent respec vely) but the diﬀerences
were not statistically significant for both.
which represents a transition period between childhood and adolescence.
Studying overweight in childhood is important since identification of
children who may become obese adults can facilitate early intervention and
avoidance of the morbidity and mortality associated with adult obesity.
Limited studies on the prevalence of overweight have been conducted in
Prevalence of Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Diabetes
Mellitus and Its Risk Factors in a Population-Based Study
Bener A, Zirie M, Janahi IM, Al-Hamaq AO, Musallam M, Wareham NJ.
Dept. of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, Hamad Medical Corporation,
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of
diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes, pre-diabetes and to identify the
associated risk factors in the sample of adult Qatari population.
health care centers.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The survey was conducted from January 2007
to July 2008 among Qatari na onals above 20 years of age. Of the 1434
subjects who were approached to par cipate in the study, 1117 (77.9%)
gave their consent. Face to face interviews were conducted using a
structured questionnaire followed by laboratory tests. DM was defined
according to the WHO expert group. Pre diabetes status was based on the
presence of impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance.
popula on was high (16.7%) with diagnosed DM (10.7%) and newly
diagnosed DM (5.9%). The impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) was diagnosed
in 12.5%, while impaired fas ng glucose was in 1.3% with a total of (13.8%).
The propor on of DM was higher in Qatari women (53.2%) than in Qatari
men (46.8%) and it peaked in the age group 40-49 years (31.2%). The age-
specific prevalence of total DM and IGT increased with age. Risk factors
were significantly higher in diabetic adult Qatari population: central obesity
(p<0.001), hypertension (p<0.001), triglyceride (p<0.001), HDL (p=0.003),
metabolic syndrome (p<0.001), heart diseases (p<0.001). Smoking habits
and family history of DM were the major contributors for diabetes disease.
The central obesity was associated with higher prevalence of DM and IFG
among Qatari men and women.
of diabetes mellitus in the adult Qatari population. High proportion of pre-
diabetes in Qatari adults will increase the prevalence of DM in the next few
years. Smoking habits and family history of DM were the major contributors
for DM. Early diagnosis of DM is of major importance to reduce the risk of
these diabetes-related conditions.
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2007 Feb;58(1):1-5.
Anthropometric Measurements and Dietary Habits of
Schoolchildren In Qatar.
Qotba H, Al-Isa AN.
Nutrition Unit, Preventive Medicine Department, MOH, Qatar.
measurements and dietary habits of children in the Arabian Gulf in general,
and in Qatar in particular.
schoolchildren in Qatar and to explore their dietary habits.
METHODS: A cross-sec onal study was carried out, targe ng 271 (124 male
and 147 female) primary school students.
RESULTS: Using the body mass index as the index of adiposity, 54.8% and
23.1% of Grade One male and female children were underweight, 3.2% and
8.8% were overweight, and 1.6% and 5.4% were obese, respec vely.
Breakfast, lunch, and dinner were eaten by 65%, 86%, and 87% on a daily
basis. Anthropometric measurements differed signiﬁcantly (P < 0.05)
between genders and the other children of the National Center for Health
overweight and obesity occurrence than most children in the Gulf.
Med Princ Pract. 2006;15(6):449-52.
Obesity: A Risk Factor for Acute Myocardial Infarction
with Angiographically Patent Epicardial Coronary Vessels
in an Adolescent.
El-Menyar AA, Gomaa MM, Arafa SE.
Department of Cardiology, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical
Corporation, Doha, Qatar. email@example.com
OBJECTIVE: Toreport a causal relationship between myocardial infarction
(MI) and obesity in an adolescent in the absence of the well-known risk
factors for MI.
male, a nonsmoker, nondiabetic and normotensive patient, who sustained
acute inferior MI with no family history of coronary artery disease,
presented with central chest pain. ECG showed low voltage, normal sinus
rhythm and ST segment elevation in the inferior leads; cardiac enzymes
were elevated. Screening for ethanol and cocaine were negative. He was
admitted to the coronary-care unit as a case of inferior MI with late
presentation. Cardiac catheterization revealed patent epicardial coronary
arteries; short- and long-term plans for weight reduction and family
counseling were started. The hospital stay was uneventful, and the patient
was discharged home on the fourth day.
CONCLUSION: Based on clinical and laboratory findings, we assume that the
MI might partly be secondary to coronary artery spasm or invisible
premature atherosclerotic plaques. Public education and awareness for this
complication in a young obese patient are warranted.
Obes Rev. 2006 May;7(2):139-45.
Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity, and Associated
Psychological Problems in Qatari's Female Population.
Bener A, Tewfik I.
Department of Medical Statistics & Epidemiology, Hamad General Hospital
and Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, State of Qatar. firstname.lastname@example.org
Dissatisfaction with body weight and the use of unhealthy weight reduction
practices have been reported among adolescents. It is important to conduct
rigorous studies using large representative samples of female adolescents
to assess accurately the frequency of dieting, overweight and eating
disorders and accompanying attitudes. The aim of the present study was to
examine the severity of dieting and its association with obesity, body
satisfaction and psychological problems in female adolescents. A
representa ve sample of 800 girls aged 14-19 years were approached
during the period of October to December 2004, and 566 girls gave consent
and par cipated in the study, thus giving a response rate of 70.8%. Self-
reports were obtained from 566 teenage girls using the Adolescent Dieting
Scale and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) for psychopathology.
Subjects were classiﬁed into three categories: acceptable weight (BMI < 25
kg m(-2)); overweight (BMI 25-29.9 kg m(-2)); and obese (BMI > 30 kg m(-
2)). The prevalence of overweight and obesity for female adolescents were
13.4% vs. 1.8%; 39.9% were intermediate dieters, and 8.3% were extreme
dieters. Dieting was not associated with age but was significantly associated
with body mass index (BMI) (P = 0.045). Extreme dieting was strongly
associated with peer percep on of respondent's ﬁgure (P < 0.001) and self-
percep on of ﬁgure (P = 0.016). Addi onally, in adult Qatari popula on
overweight and obesity for males were (34.4% vs. 34.6%) and for females
were (33.0% vs. 45.3%). This is signiﬁcantly higher than adolescent girls. (P <
0.01). The SRQ score was signiﬁcantly highest in the extreme dieters group
(P = 0.005). The extreme dieters get most of their educa on about die ng
from school (14.0%) and TV (43.6%). The present study revealed strong
evidence for the association between frequent dieting and overweight,
body image dissatisfaction and psychological problems among adolescent
Food Nutr Bull. 2006 Mar;27(1):39-45.
Prevalence of Obesity, Overweight, and Underweight in
Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, Hamad General
Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, State of Qatar.
proportions in Arabian oil-rich countries and are threatening to become a
global epidemic. Excess weight has a great impact on the health and quality
of life of individuals. However, prevalence of underweight in the developing
world has shown a decline during the last decade.
prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity, as measured by body-
mass index, in a representa ve sample of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years
in the State of Qatar.
METHODS: Qatari schoolchildren (n = 3,923) from 30 schools in urban and
semiurban districts responded to a sociodemographic questionnaire. Body-
mass index was calculated and the prevalence of overweight and obesity
was determined on the basis of cutoff points of the International Obesity
Task Force (IOTF) values (above the 85th and 95th percen les, respec vely,
for overweight and obesity). Underweight was defined on the basis of CDC
(Centers for Disease Control and Preven on) less than 5th percen le of BMI
RESULTS: The ﬁnal sample consisted of 1,968 boys and 1,955 girls. The
prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity was 8.6%, 28.6%, and
7.9%, respec vely, among adolescent boys and 5.8%, 18.9%, and 4.7%
among girls. The prevalence of underweight was highest at 16 years of age
among boys (10.5%) and at 17 years among girls (8.9%). The prevalence of
obesity was highest at 12 years of age among boys (11.7%) and at 13 years
among girls (6.4%). The 95th percen le curve for boys was above the IOTF
standard curve; the 95th percen le curve for girls was below the IOTF
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents living in the State of Qatar are at high risk for
overweight and obesity. There is a need to establish a national program for
the prevention and treatment of obesity and related complications.
Nutri on & Food Science, 31(4):201 – 204
The Effect of Education and Obesity on Attitudes towards
Fads Related To Weight Reduction among Arab Women in
Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, (Abdulrahman O. Musaiger is Director of
Environmental and Biological Program, Bahrain Center for Studies and
Research, Manama – Bahrain.), Nora E. Shahbeek, (Nora E. Shahbeek is with
the Hamad Medical Cooperation, Ministry of Health, Doha, Qatar.)
A sample of 535 Arab women in Qatar (an Arab Gulf country) was
interviewed to obtain their attitudes towards eight fads related to weight
reduction, and the effect of educational level and obesity on these
a tudes. In general 20 per cent to 54 per cent of women believed in these
fads and 50.6 per cent to 45.1 per cent did not know whether or not these
fads are correct. The education level of women has a significant effect on
the belief of the attitude statements. Highly educated women were more
likely to disagree on the attitudes related to weight reduction than low and
middle education women. Obese women were more likely to believe in
these fads than overweight and non-obese women. Health education
programs should focus on correcting several fads related to weight
reduction as a part of any program to prevent and control obesity in the
Croat Med J. 2005 Apr;46(2):302-7.
Genetics, Obesity, and Environmental Risk Factors
Associated with Type 2 Diabetes.
Bener A, Zirie M, Al-Rikabi A.
Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, Hamad General
Hospital and Hamad Medical Corporation, University of Qatar, PO Box 3050,
Doha, Qatar. email@example.com
obesity, and environmental risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes, in
the adult Qatari population.
and healthy subjects at the Primary Healthcare Clinics (PHCs) and the
survey was conducted from February to November 2003. The study
included 338 cases (with diabetes) and 338 controls (without diabetes).
Face-to-face interviews were based on a questionnaire that included
variables such as age, gender, socioeconomic status, parity, income level,
cigarette smoking, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), obesity, and
lifestyle. Their health status was assessed by medical conditions, family
history, physical examination, blood pressure, blood glucose, blood count,
lipid profile, cholesterol total, HDL, LDL, and triglycerides analysis.
RESULTS: The mean age (in years-/+standard deviation) of cases versus
controls was 45.5-/+8.9 vs 42.4-/+8.0, P<0.001. The study revealed that
there were statistically significant differences between diabetic and control
subjects with respect to body mass index, low educational level,
consanguineous marriage, and number of children (P<0.001). The obesity
was considerably more frequent among diabetes subjects (P<0.001). Self
reported family history (in ﬁrst degree rela ves) of diabetes (62.1% vs
44.4%, OR=2.06, 95% conﬁdence interval (CI)=1.49-2.83) P<0.001) was
prominent among diabetic subjects. The diabetes was significantly common
among the consanguineous marriages of the first degree relatives
compared with the control group (33.1% vs. 24.6%, OR=1.59, 95% CI=1.11-
2.29), P=0.008). Systolic blood pressure (P=0.023) and glucose fas ng
(P<0.001) levels were significantly higher in diabetic patients than in control
subjects. The logis c regression model showed that smoking (OR=2.42 95%
CI=1.66-3.54, P<0.0001); degree of consanguinity (OR=1.38 95% CI=1.13-
1.69, P=0.002), BMI (OR=1.41 95% CI=1.12-1.76), P=0.003), level of
educa on (OR=1.23 95% CI=1.04-1.45, P=0.017), number of children
(OR=1.34 95% CI=1.02-1.77, P=0.037), and systolic blood pressure (OR=1.01
95% CI=1.00-1.02, P=0.044) were considered as associated risk factors for
CONCLUSION: The present study revealed that obesity, consanguinity,
blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides were
more prevalent in diabetic patients. The characterization of these factors
will contribute to defining more effective and specific strategies to screen
for and control diabetes and cardiovascular disease in a developing country.
J Health Popul Nutr. 2005 Sep;23(3):250-8.
Growth Patterns of Qatari School Children and
Adolescents Aged 6-18 Years.
Bener A, Kamal AA.
Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, Hamad General
Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, University of Qatar, Doha.
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