O’zbekiston respublikasi oliy va o’rta maxsus ta’lim vazirligi islom karimov nomidagi toshkent texnika universiteti olmaliq filiali energetika va mashinasozlik fakulteti mashinasozlik texnologiyasi yo’nalishi


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O’ZBEKISTON RESPUBLIKASI OLIY VA O’RTA MAXSUS TA’LIM VAZIRLIGI ISLOM KARIMOV NOMIDAGI TOSHKENT TEXNIKA UNIVERSITETI OLMALIQ FILIALI ENERGETIKA VA MASHINASOZLIK FAKULTETI MASHINASOZLIK TEXNOLOGIYASI YO’NALISHI. MUSTAQIL ISH

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Uzbekistan: Economic Transformation through Smart Investments in Higher Education

Uzbekistan has embarked on economic reforms to diversify its commodity-dependent economy. The dynamic, high performing economy that is envisaged will require a cadre of highly skilled professionals capable of accelerating technological adoption and increasing productivity across Uzbek industries.

  • Uzbekistan has embarked on economic reforms to diversify its commodity-dependent economy. The dynamic, high performing economy that is envisaged will require a cadre of highly skilled professionals capable of accelerating technological adoption and increasing productivity across Uzbek industries.
  • The Government has decided to prioritize higher education reforms in the country’s economic and social development efforts. The goal is to increase higher education enrolment, grant financial autonomy and academic independence to public higher education institutions, provide scholarships to female students and those from socially disadvantaged families, boost international partnerships, increase private sector participation, establish start-up accelerators, and increase research productivity.
  • The World Bank’s Modernizing Higher Education Project aims to improve quality of the higher education and its relevance to the labor market. One of its key initiatives was the establishment of the Academic Innovation Fund (AIF) to finance innovative projects led by higher education institutions (HEIs) selected through a competitive process. The AIF grant program design followed successful experience of other countries such as Montenegro and Vietnam in which competitive funds ignited the transformation of higher education promoting quality, inclusion, and relevance for the economy. The program design took into consideration the need for modern teaching and research equipment, inclusion and empowerment of female students, and citizen engagement, among others.
  • In 2019, first projects worth US$4 million were selected and funded by the AIF to support HEIs’ efforts in two strategic directions: (a) strengthening university-industry links, and (b) improving teaching and learning practices within HEIs. Two years into implementation, HEIs report strong university-industry linkages between local and foreign establishments, which, in turn, lead to increased skills transfer opportunities, aligned curricula, and new research partnerships. Specifically, partnerships between universities and the private sector are cited the most. Some HEIs developed modern technological solutions that later have been applied to industry, while other HEIs established branches on the premises of private enterprises for students to gain practical knowledge.
  • The Gulistan State University leads a project that illustrates a new model for integration of science, education, and production processes in agroindustry which is of strategic importance to Uzbekistan. The project supported the establishment of the first subnational Experimental Biology Laboratory, which specializes in sophisticated analyses of soil, water, plants, and plant products. The project addresses the private sector need for quality certification that enables export of local products. A number of agreements have already been signed with farms from across the country for analysis and certification services. Moreover, several training centers have been established allowing university students and researchers to gain practical experiences.

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