Pilgrimage sites of Khorazm region Done: Lapasova m general information about Khorezm


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pilgrimage sites of Khorazm
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Pilgrimage sites of Khorazm region

Done:Lapasova M

General information about Khorezm.

  • Khorezm is one of the most ancient historical and cultural regions of Central Asia. In written sources of the Arab conquest period, Khorezm is called a country of "tens of thousands of fortresses". In fact, today in the Khorezm region archaeologists have found dozens of ancient cities, ruins of former powerful castles and royal palaces. The most famous of them are Toprak-Kala, Janbas-Kala, Koy-Krylgan-kala, Kyzyl-Kala and Ayaz-Kala (“Kala” is translated as a fortress.) Even today, the colossal sizes of the ruins impress with its magnificence and power. Thousands of fortresses spread over vast arid steppes and as gigantic statues keep the secrets of Ancient Khorezm.

Khorezm attracts not only with numerous ruins of ancient and medieval fortresses. It can rightly be considered the homeland of one of the oldest world's religions - Zoroastrianism. The researchers of Avesta, the holy book of Zoroastrians, believe that this ancient religion appeared on the territory of the Great Khorezm.There is a disagreement as to exactly where Avesta was written, but most scholars believe that it appeared on the territory of modern Khorezm.

  • Khorezm attracts not only with numerous ruins of ancient and medieval fortresses. It can rightly be considered the homeland of one of the oldest world's religions - Zoroastrianism. The researchers of Avesta, the holy book of Zoroastrians, believe that this ancient religion appeared on the territory of the Great Khorezm.There is a disagreement as to exactly where Avesta was written, but most scholars believe that it appeared on the territory of modern Khorezm.

Madrasah of Muhammad-Rakhimkhan

  • Madrasah of Muhammad Rahimkhan (1871) is located to the east of the Kukhna-Ark. Muhammad Rahimkhan II (1847-1910) is known among the people under the pen name Firuz. As a champion of literature and art the poet Firuz first introduced lithographic edition books (1874) in Khiva. On his initiative a number of poetry anthologies were created. Construction of a large madrasah with 76 hujra was also a consequence of his educational intentions. Madrasah consists of two yards: the outer one - one-storey cell-hujra, further in - the two-storey high portal, the main facade of the madrasah, inside there is the main yard with arched row of hujras.

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